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The 18th century is regarded as the age of reason or enlightenment. It is the period between 1715 and 1789. The idea behind the 18th century enlightenment was the use of intellect by people allowing them to make appropriate decisions on how nations and people as a whole should run their daily businesses. The application of intellect enabled the society to be restructured to improve the lives of the people. The enlightenment in America is mostly discussed in relation to the political revolution that was aimed at ending British rule and establishing modern republic (Alpers). The period of reason also changed the view of people on religion. It revealed that religion, the belief that human occurrences are influenced by a divinity and that it could reveal the truth to the people was changed or modified into a system of belief supported by idea that the world was a normal place and that abiding by the rational process could be used to control.
The old ways of life were based on superstition, a God that was angry and complete compliance to authority. The intellects of the age of enlightenment embraced new thoughts. This new thoughts facilitated the undertakings of the people and people did not have to be hopeless anymore. Science and enlightenment brought joy and progress. Kings had an obligation to serve their people and not to rule by godly right. The people prominently considered to be behind the American enlightenment were Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, James Madison and Alexander Hamilton among other thinkers. These, among other prominent leaders played a significant role in shaping the current American society in aspects of social-cultural, economic and political.
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