Analysis of the Ethical Ideologies behind Utilitarianism, Deontology, and Moral Relativism: [Essay Example], 591 words GradesFixer

Haven't found the right essay?

Get an expert to write your essay!


Professional writers and researchers


Sources and citation are provided


3 hour delivery

This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by professional essay writers.

Analysis of the Ethical Ideologies behind Utilitarianism, Deontology, and Moral Relativism

Print Download now

Pssst… we can write an original essay just for you.

Any subject. Any type of essay.

We’ll even meet a 3-hour deadline.

Get your price

121 writers online

Download PDF


In normative ethics, utilitarianism is used to describe a theory that places the center of the right and wrong actions on consequences of choosing either of the choices. The moral normative theory also describes the consequences of not choosing one option over the other. The theory concentrates on the need to satisfy the needs of the entire society rather than the needs of an individual or an alienated group of people.

For example, the theory is applicable in the law of retribution where by the entire nation is justified to attack Japan for its Pearl Harbor attack on December 7th 1941. In carrying out attacks on Japan, the country represents the needs of all the citizens and not any individual. Japan might have carried out the attack to satisfy the needs of the top government officials, but under the Lex Talionis, carrying out retaliatory attack would justify the protection of the citizens of the whole nation. Japan is also an example of a possible utopian society where the suffering of one child makes determines the happiness and well-being of the rest. Japan probably carried out attacks at the Pearl Harbor for their happiness while the people at the harbor suffered.

Utilitarianism is a moral theory that is also used to determine the validity of the rules of conduct. The theory requires that the right rule is that which gives the best possible outcome out of the choices. For example, in the selection of a supplier, Steve Jobs opted to use the one in America and not the one from Foxconn. He notes that their best choice of a supplier is because of the high rates of suicide at Foxconn (Thomas 22).


Deontological ethics refer to the normative theories that emphasize on the type of choices that are required according to the morals of the society. The theory recognizes the morals that are accepted, those that are forbidden and permitted according to the morals of the society. The theory asserts that the choices, which people make, are guided by the domain of moral theories. The theory does not focus on the consequences of the choices that people make, but on the morality of those choices.

For example, the philosophical work of Immanuel Kant, which states that people ought to act in a way that they treat humanity and as if the actions were the end to their relationship. The requirements of the theory are also stated in the book of Leviticus where human beings are meant to be holy, just like God himself. Again, morally, human beings ought not to take revenge since moral ethics have it that people should love another as they love themselves (Kant 352).

Moral Relativism

Being a controversial topic in philosophy, philosophers have understood the theory in various ways, with people defending its various forms. The theory is linked with the dispute that there are widespread disagreements that there is no rationalization for complete ethical judgments. Considering the ethical principles of some people, the principle is also said to be a normative point on how people ought to act against them. The people whom others think about and act against are those who are thought to be morally wrong. The theory asserts that despite the disagreement, such people should be tolerated in the society. For example, Simon Blackburn supports moral relativism by noting that moral standards are what people decide to do from a list of other existing standards that should also be tolerated (Blackburn 1).

Remember: This is just a sample from a fellow student.

Your time is important. Let us write you an essay from scratch

100% plagiarism free

Sources and citations are provided

Cite this Essay

To export a reference to this article please select a referencing style below:

GradesFixer. (2019, March, 12) Analysis of the Ethical Ideologies behind Utilitarianism, Deontology, and Moral Relativism. Retrived February 25, 2020, from
"Analysis of the Ethical Ideologies behind Utilitarianism, Deontology, and Moral Relativism." GradesFixer, 12 Mar. 2019, Accessed 25 February 2020.
GradesFixer. 2019. Analysis of the Ethical Ideologies behind Utilitarianism, Deontology, and Moral Relativism., viewed 25 February 2020, <>
GradesFixer. Analysis of the Ethical Ideologies behind Utilitarianism, Deontology, and Moral Relativism. [Internet]. March 2019. [Accessed February 25, 2020]. Available from:

Sorry, copying is not allowed on our website. If you’d like this or any other sample, we’ll happily email it to you.

By clicking “Send”, you agree to our Terms of service and Privacy statement. We will occasionally send you account related emails.



Your essay sample has been sent.

Want us to write one just for you? We can custom edit this essay into an original, 100% plagiarism free essay.

thanks-icon Order now

Hi there!

Are you interested in getting a customized paper?

Check it out!
Having trouble finding the perfect essay? We’ve got you covered. Hire a writer uses cookies. By continuing we’ll assume you board with our cookie policy.