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In 1911, a man Lukas Müller, 34, has just arrived to Italy, from his home country Austria, by a four to five days train ride. The reason of visiting Italy had no connection to art at all. Müller was just travelling for curiosity in other places except his home town in Austria. However, as Müller looks around the street of Rome, he sees a poster announcing of Futurist sereta event, The Grande Sereta, held at Teatro Constanza, Rome, 9th of March 1913.
The event is divided into three sections: the in the sereta there will be a Futurist symphony, a reading of Futurist poetry, and a presentation of Futurist painting and sculpture. The part so unique about The Grande Sereta, is that the use of alternative space is offered in exhibition: unlike a meditation of show works, the artist will be in control and able to directly show to the audiences. The engagement of the Futurist with the audiences were extremely engaging, Müller was amazed by the edge-cutting way of having the viewers involved into the works, unlike regular exhibitions he had seen before. In the exhibition Müller meet the leading spokesman of the Manifesto of Futurism, Marinetti, which Müller starts learn the mission behind the movement of Futurism. Futurists aims cultural and political goals of overthrowing the middle-class and promote a fascistic, industrialized nationalism. Promoting war, violence, and development of mechanism to bring back Italy was once been (powerful country), through publicizing performance, manifestoes, and noise performances that stimulates anger and spread anarchy, at times resulting into fights and arrests.
The reality of war started to hit on the Futurists, even though fascinated by the anarchistic, fascistic thinking of the Futurists, Müller have gained a mission to study other certain movements, catching an interest in Dadaism. That is opposite to the Futurism, where the international movement promotes ideology of revolting against World War 1, seeking to destroy old values. Dadaist saw the World War 1 as irrational, and apply humor in to the culture that is affected by the World War 1, which result of creating the expressions of sarcasm in contemporary art.
In Early 1917, a fellow artist has persuaded Müller to go to Russia, to try to experience on the Futurism that is spread to Russia by Marinetti who have lectured there twice. Müller not letting this chance go, taking him a week on the train to reach Russia. In Russia, two revolutions appeared, ending the centuries of the imperial rule, moving it into a more political and social changes that in near future will create a Soviet Union. The two revolutionary forces were: Bolshevik (lead by Vladimir Lenin) and Proletkult (Aleksandr Bogdanov). The two forces’ ideology conflicted each other, Proletkult’s founding theorist, Bogdanov was an economist, philosopher, and activist. Proletkult looks deeper into the culture of working class with collectivist ideas.
On the other hand, Bolshevik looks more into a new political culture, supported on the intellectual forces of the workers and peasants rather than the bourgeoisie’s intelligentsia. There were artists, whom were Constructivists, rejecting the idea of middle-class mainstream, each individually created their form of art that are for a consumer’s market, designed into a more industrial production for collective purpose. However, the movement at this time was difficult due to the internal disagreement led into conflicts on regular basis, making it more difficult to individualize themselves from the political situation.
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