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Civil Rights and Struggle in USA

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What are civil rights? Civil Rights are rights given to a human by the state, congress, or government. Many of our amendments are civil rights.

The 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments were all Civil Rights. The 13th amendment was mostly about abolishing slavery (abolishing means to get rid of or to put an end to). The 14th amendment was about equal protection rights which means no man or woman of any race or gender could not be protected better than anybody else. The 15th amendment was about the right to vote. Any white or black man or woman could vote without being denied. That did not stop discrimination for anyone that was still black or white (treated differently because of race, gender, or color).

Segregation was ended in all forms including race, color, gender, and religion. If you were caught segregating anyone you would be put in jail. Although, people were still caught segregating the colored men and women because a lot of people felt like blacks did not belong. Including Senator Barry Goldwater who voted against civil rights because he was racist. Even he felt like blacks did not belong. Senator Goldwater said that “blacks shall not vote and that will stand.” Senator Barry Goldwater was born on January 2nd, 1909, and died on May 29th, 1998 which made him 89 years old at his death.

Franklin D. Roosevelt wanted to have a second bill of rights established which would include a guaranteed living wage, food provided for those in need, and clothing for all men and women. Franklin D. Roosevelt did establish the second bill of rights which he felt great about. He was happy that every man and woman could now have food, clothes, and shelter to live in. Franklin D. Roosevelt accomplished a lot while in office. He reduced the unemployment percent from twenty-five percent to two percent while in office. He led the United States through the Great Depression and World War II as a great leader. Franklin D. Roosevelt was elected four times which means he was in office for about twelve years. Franklin D. Roosevelt was born on January 30th, 1882, and died on April 12th, 1945 he lived to be 63 years old and died of a stroke.

Martin Luther King Jr. had a great impact of civil rights, his “I have a dream” speech was a big deal for civil rights. He talked about how he wanted his precious sons and daughters to one day to be in a school with white boys and girls. He also had a nonviolent protest. It influenced many people and touched many lives. There were around two hundred and fifty thousand men and women at his speech. Martin Luther King Jr. gave his speech in Washington D.C., in 1963 which is still to this day one of the most famous speeches of all time. Martin was born on January 15th, 1929, and died on April 4th, 1968. He was killed at the age of 39, by James Earl Ray with a single shot out of a rifle. James was born on March 10th, 1928 and died on April 23rd, 1998 which made him 70 at the time of his death.

The women suffrage act gave all women the right to vote. The act was passed on June 4th, 1919. Alice Paul was the greatest leader throughout women’s suffrage. Two of her quotes were “Food simply isn’t important to me.” and “There will never be a new world order until women are part of it.” She put most every man or woman, whether black or white first. Some examples of this are when she would let people that needed a seat to sit down whether it was on a bus or at any other place. She would even give people her food if they were hungry. She was never racist to anyone. She said that she was there to help others not hurt them. The women’s suffrage act ended in the 19th amendment. Alice was born on January 11th, 1885, and died on July 9th, 1977 which made her 92 years old.

Rosa Parks was mostly known as the “first woman of the Civil Rights.”Because she did not give up her seat on a bus to a white man just because she was a black woman. She was arrested on December 1st, 1955, and taken to jail because of it. The women’s suffrage act was started because of that move. Rosa started the women’s suffrage act because she did not like being judged by her skin color. Blacks were required to sit in the back of the busses and transport units. She was born on February 4th, 1913 and died on October 24th, 2005. Which made her 92 years old at her death.

William Moore was a leader in civil rights he made many marches to racial equality by himself. He was interviewed less than an hour before he was shot in the back of the head twice at point-blank (point blank means the bullets were fired from very short range at their intended target) with a twenty-two caliber and found by people driving by. There was a KKK member that was first convicted of the death of William Moore but they later found out that he did not commit the crime so all charges were dropped. William Moore wore signs that stated “end of segregation in America.” He was killed on the biggest mission of his life while delivering a message that he wrote himself. April 28th, 1927 and died on April 23rd, 1963. Which made him 36 years at the time of his death.

James Chaney was a black boy that grew up in the south. He was a teenager that joined fights that were involved with segregation so he could try and put a stop to it. He participated in freedom rides and bus protests in 1962. He joined the Congress of racial equality in 1963. He set up many freedom schools so that all black and white kids could go to a school with all other races. He was killed by a KKK member for being an African American, so they burned him to death. He was born on May 30th, 1943, and died on June 21st, 1964. Which made him 21 years old when he was killed.

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Civil Rights and Struggle in USA. (2022, August 01). GradesFixer. Retrieved August 16, 2022, from https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/civil-rights-and-struggle-in-usa/
“Civil Rights and Struggle in USA.” GradesFixer, 01 Aug. 2022, gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/civil-rights-and-struggle-in-usa/
Civil Rights and Struggle in USA. [online]. Available at: <https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/civil-rights-and-struggle-in-usa/> [Accessed 16 Aug. 2022].
Civil Rights and Struggle in USA [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2022 Aug 01 [cited 2022 Aug 16]. Available from: https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/civil-rights-and-struggle-in-usa/
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