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Climate Change and Agriculture

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  1. Recommends for the establishment of highly localized weather monitoring systems. These facilities will be equipped with the purpose of monitoring weather patterns, issuing timely warnings, and carrying out region based risk assessment:
  2. a. The information thus received can be used to improve the local capacity to be able to respond and adapt to climate change;

    b. The information will be broadcasted through the telecommunications network mentioned in clause 8;

    c. All information collected and required will be tied in with the database mentioned in clause 2;

    d. Utilizing this framework to also act as an early warning system with respect to various;

  3. Encourages the formulation of an international information database to collect data from various regional commissions and FAO tools including regional agricultural data for monitoring through biannual reports and forecasting this database to be universally accessible and to be managed by the FAO. It will work to encourage international communications and facilitate the cross-pollination of ideas. The Database would include:
  4. a. Information regarding crops and livestock reactions to specific weather conditions, new irrigation cultivation, feeding or breeding techniques, scientific research on genetic modification and geo- engineering;

    b. The information can be used to formulate risk- reduction policies;

    c. The database must be updated at a regular interval of 5 years;

  5. Requests using the Food and Agriculture Organisation Ex-Ante Carbon Balance Tool to formulate an international carbon credit system. This system will include:
  6. The implementation of incentive mechanisms that would grant countries, carbon credits for reducing deforestation and using green energy;

  7. Encourages the implementation of ecological knowledge programs/workshops with a focus on agro ecology and traditional knowledge through FAO hubs and regional commissions;
  8. Strongly suggests member states to form a regional commission to develop proposals and modalities for Public Private Partnerships in the Agro-Infrastructure sector. This commission will be aiming to:
  9. Promote agro ecology and climate smart agriculture solutions including methods such as hydroponics and aeroponics, developing rural agro-markets and agro-processing;

    Address food security issues by addressing the transportation issues between the farmlands and markets;

    i. Involving governments providing land to the private investor lease-free for a fixed tenure which would be utilized by the private investor to develop the transportation infrastructure;

    ii. Furthermore, the government can set an upper limit of tariffs for freight transport and the agreement can be carried out through the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency;

  10. Recommends the setting up of a voluntary Sustainable Agriculture fund under the United Nation. Development Program that encourages all G77 or developed and fast developing countries to pledge a certain international aid that shall be diverted to the Least Developed Nations recognized by the UNDP to provide agricultural insurance against crop failure and post disaster recovery to these countries;
  11. Further recommends increasing Income generation in the agricultural sector by:
  12. Strengthening the seed sector and knowledge dissemination system;

    Agricultural diversification in favor of high value marketing values; Development of value chains by linking production and marketing centres;

    Developing mechanisms to ensure that minimum support prices and provided in the event of crash in farm harvest prices;

    Diversifying employment scope by increasing the involvement of tertiary and secondary sectors,

    i. This can also be done by increasing investment in the agro-industry via government programs, public private partnerships .etc.;

  13. Recommends Public Private Partnerships under the following possibilities:
  14. In the telecom sector by encouraging the telecom operators to indulge in data collection as well as information broadcasting system in exchange for tax credits;

  15. Suggests the implementation of a three tier sea level rise framework in which:
  16. With Tier 1 being a low rise in sea levels, soil beds and fields can be raised as well as irrigation systems be put in place;

    Tier 2 being a moderate rise in sea levels the earlier measures will be implemented as well as the use of more salt tolerant crops;

    Tier 3 being a high rise in sea levels the land should be converted into aqua culture;

  17. Further invites all nations to formulate an irrigation management plan. This plan must include but must not limit to information regarding:
  18. Volume of water per irrigation event which could be calculated by scientific methods;

    Irrigation methods and equipment;

    Irrigation to be recorded on the basis of the specifics of the management plans, all these reports to be submitted to the UNDP and the database as mentioned in clause 2 on a bi-annual basis;

  19. Recommends the creation of a working group under the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) that is tasked with the purpose of Research on Agricultural Genetics as well as climate science with specific reference to cloud seeding:
  20. a. Through this working group, several variations of seeds can be produced which are resistant to today’s and predicted climatic conditions;

  21. Endorses the establishment of sustainable energy fund to collect international donations from NGOs, agricultural co-operatives for natural resource preservation initiatives, shifting to green technology:
  22. And to support activities driven to address causes of problems like deforestation and soil erosion;

  23. Encourages bilateral trade policies between countries that import food:
  24. Suggests countries that import more than a certain percentage of food products to help finance development projects of countries they are importing from. The amount of finance each country receives should be based upon their GDP per capita;

  25. Further invites regional governments to undertake risk reduction policies. These policies should include:
  26. Introducing and/or improving government sponsored, farmer credit systems that include farmer insurance and crop loans that provide protection from crop failure;

    Introducing favourable agriculture strategies based on regional conditions;

    Afforestation policies;

    Providing low-cost water, fuel, electricity,interest free loans to the farmer, duty-free imports of raw materials for the farmers to encourage more farming and agriculture growth;

  27. Recommends countries to implement policies to reduce emissions of short lived climate pollutants such as Ozone, volatile organic compounds, black carbon etc by collaborating with the Climate and Clean air coalition;
  28. Encourages the corporate sector to engage in and conduct skill development programmes for farmers by incentivisation of Corporate Social Responsibility;
  29. Recommends the setting up of a Global Agricultural Chemical Regulation Law under the UNFCCC:
  30. This law will lay down the amount and kind of chemicals that can be used in agricultural chemicals like pesticides, fertilizers, etc;

  31. Recommends the following to boost the production of the agricultural sector:
  32. Banning degrading agricultural methods such as shifting agriculture;

    Strongly recommends to promote the use of Biochar and other organic agricultural chemicals since it;

    i. Increases fertility of the land by up to two to three times;

    ii. Eliminates the need for shifting agriculture;

    iii. Acts as a carbon sink and effectively acts to absorb GHG;

    iv. Has earlier been in practice in the Latin American region centuries ago with the soil produced through this known as Terra Preta;

  33. Suggests the implementation of the four tier food security framework based on the the four pillars of food security as stated by the FAO, which are Food Availability, Physical and economic Access to food, Stability and access to food and Food Utilization:2
  34. Tier 1, with reference to food availability, using the database as mentioned in clause 2 and the Food security assessment to identify areas with issues regarding the availability of food and work with the FAO hubs in the region with respect to capacity building at the grass roots level with respect to climate smart agriculture and food storage, with techniques such as Hydroponics, Aeroponics, Organic farming, traditional methods etc.;

    Tier 2 to be with respect to Stability of supply and access, the FAO to establish food security specific hubs with food storage facilities, local farming communities to store a small predetermined fraction of their produce at the facility and will be utilized at times of a natural calamity, the stocks of food to be replenished every two week and the preexisting stock is too be returned to the community;

    Tier 3 to be with respect to Physical and economic access to food and working with the Sustainable Agriculture fund as mentioned in clause 6 to subsidies prices of food in times of natural disasters;

    Tier 4 to be with reference to Food Utilization, taking inspiration from the Feed The Future Research Strategy 3 in which specific agro climatic zones in which poverty and food shortages are identified are concentrated and identified and two to four pressing issues are targeted to maximize impact at the grassroots level;

  35. Recommends the promotion of cooperative agricultural societies with special reference to women by providing tax breaks and no taxations on initial investments;
  36. Emphasizes the decreasing of the vulnerability to vector borne diseases like malaria by:
  37. Carrying out activities to eliminate vector population;

    Improving health education, especially in the tropical and the subtropical region;

    Ensuring the implementation of the WHO’s Global vector control response;

  38. Further invites member nations to decrease the dependence of agriculture on the earth’s hydrological cycle by:
  39. Facilitating research and implementation of dryland agriculture;

    This can also be done by facilitating the involvement of NGOs like the Watershed Support Services and Activities Network that specialize in agriculture methods;

  40. Recommends the establishment and/or improvement of a Domestic Help Call system which will aim to help farmers during a calamity crisis. This system should include:
  41. A relief fund for farmers in case of crop failure;

    Additional financial assistance for calamity recovery;

    An active helpline;Financial services for non-insured crop systems;

  42. Further requests member states to review domestic irrigation methods and adapt and/or improve on optimal irrigation measures. Some suggestions to do this include:
  43. Facilitating the work of regional NGOs such as The Water Project (Africa) through partnership policies;

    Adaptive non-water intensive irrigation methods such as drip irrigation, creation of sand dams and in regions with regular rainfall, creation of rain catchment systems;

  44. Recommends the formation of various nationalised agricultural banks such as the National Bank for Agricultural and Rural Development to act as micro credit institutions as well as to issue nationalized bonds for national agricultural sectors;
  45. Recommends countries to engage in a regional multilateral agreement involving establishment of new food vaults and/or seed vaults under the assistance and governance of FAO:
  46. To help determine the most appropriate location;

    To procure and monitor seeds from the contributing nations;

    To engage and assist in the extraction of seeds in case of a crisis;

  47. Urges nations to encourage contract farming of central and nuclear-estate structure models involving:
  48. Inputs such as seeds, fertilizers and irrigation tools being supplied by the contractors directly or indirectly;

    The contractors being the guarantee for the farmer’s credit;The contractors possibly providing insurance against crop failure or low yield;

    The government to ease the process by possibly enable the contractors to purchase land for food processing units through convenient process;

  49. Recommends nations to encourage the use of renewable energy in the agricultural sector through:
  50. Independent implementation by providing tax incentives and tax credits on the investment;

    Construction of microgeneration plants such small solar and wind farms;

  51. Encouraging the diversification of the agricultural sector by using the microcredit scheme and national regional agricultural bank as stated in clause 25 by providing microcredit loan for livestock in specific as livestock farming is less intensive and less impacted by climate change;
  52. Recommends the formation of a rapid reaction task force to remain on call for natural disasters, this to work with the forecasting measures as mentioned in clause 2, the rapid reaction task force to include but not limit itself to mobile hospitals, emergency supplies and water purifiers;
  53. Suggests the implementation of gender responsive measures including but not limited to:
  54. Undertaking skill building workshops for women to educate them on agricultural techniques and animal husbandry;

    Initiating development of transportation facilities such as bicycles and auto-rickshaws to aide the women carrying over long distances;

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