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Discuss Software Testing Fundamentals in Details

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According to Professor Cem Kaner – Director of Florida Tech’s Center for Software Testing Education & Research “Software testing is an empirical technical investigation conducted to provide stakeholders with information about the quality of the product or service under test”

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Empirical – derived from experiment, experience, and observation

Technical – Having special skill or practical knowledge

Investigation – A detailed inquiry or systematic examination

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Five fundamental test activities and tasks

Software testing is a process. The fundamental test process consists of five important parts that encompass all aspects of testing:

1. Planning and control activities

Test planning activity is determined what is going to be tested, and how this will be achieved. At this stage, we plan and decide on how activities will be done and who will do them. Here, we also define the test completion criteria. Test Control activity is what we do when the activities do not match up with the plans. It is the ongoing activity where we compare the progress against the plan. As progress takes place, we may need to adjust plans to meet the targets, if this is possible.

Therefore, we need to undertake both planning and control tasks throughout the testing activities. We plan at the outset, but as testing progresses, we undertake monitoring and control activities. We monitor to measure what has happened; we control to adjust future activities in the light of experience. Monitoring and control feedback into the continual activity of planning.

2. Analysis and Design activities

Analysis and design are concerned with the fine detail of what to test (test conditions), and how to combine test conditions into test cases, so that a small number of test cases can cover as many of the test conditions as possible. The analysis and design stage is the bridge between planning and test execution. The design process needs to consider the test data that will be required for the test conditions and test cases that have been drawn up. Test design involves predicting how the software under test should behave in a given set of circumstances.

3. Implementation and Execution

Test implementation and execution activity involves running tests. It also will involve checking the test environment before testing begins. Test execution is the most visible part of testing. During execution, the most important tests need to be run first.

4. Evaluating Exit Criteria and Reporting

Evaluating exit criteria is a process defining when to stop testing. It depends on the coverage of code, functionality or risk. Basically, it also depends on business risk cost and time.

5. Test Closure Activities

Test closure activities are the last process in the fundamental test process. In this process collect data from completed test process and test wares. Ensure that deliverable has been delivered or notClosing incident reportDocumenting all the systemsArchiving all the test ware, test environment and infrastructure.

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