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Adolescents form a major portion of countries population and development of the country depends upon healthy youth. Adolescence is critical growth spurt in one’s life. This is an age when adolescence is critical growth spurt in one’s life. This is an age when adolescents are unaware and very men to know about their sexuality. Consequently get involved in different sexual activates. They may face many problems related to sexual issues and rights as they lack knowledge about physical, psychological changes accompanying their growth and development.
The adolescents’ rising interest and curiosity about sex is a motivation factor to acquire information about it. Confronting face to face with the urge to explore sexuality are the present social norms and taboos. This leads to many misconceptions and mal-information resulting in adolescence boys and girls trying to experiment sex and especially girls become more vulnerable to teenage pregnancy or have to bear the brunt of sexually transmitted disease. This is because they hesitate and lack communication with their parents, teachers or elders to have open frank discussions regarding sexual issues. In Indian families parents are not open with their youngsters to talk about sexual issues and rights, which ultimately affect the curiosity, knowledge as well as perception regarding these issues.
Health needs of adolescents have neither been researched nor addressed adequately particularly their sexual issues are often misunderstood unrecognized or underestimated. The adolescents are not even aware of their right to information.
Limited research shows that adolescents are indulging in premarital sex more frequently at an early age, the incidence of teenage pregnancy is rising and most of them face the risk of induced abortion under unsafe conditions and will be victims of sexually transmitted infections including HIV.
Adolescents do not have proper fore where they can discuss their problems without hesitation out-of school adolescents especially those migrating in search of daily wages are particularly vulnerable to HIV’AIDS infection due to lack of knowledge literacy rate in females is lower than males. In addition girls are more prone to gender discrimination early marriages early pregnancy and its complications
To avoid high risk of sexual behavior among adolescent girls and provide them awareness and better opportunities to satisfy their queries this study has been planned to understand the existing knowledge and perception related to sexual issues and rights and to see the impact of intervention program in enhancing their knowledge and perception.
Indian context both adolescent girls and boys have very different experiences during growing years including adolescence, the cultural differences are vast with regard to their conduct and are based on traditional adult roles stereotypes. Growing as a female in India carries with it the connotation of inferior status, and lesser privileges-as compared to a male child. It cuts across all social classes of the society and through entire lifespan. For a girl, the onset of puberty implies more restrictions on her movement, fewer interactions with boys and men, and more active participation in household chores. Boys begin to exercise greater freedom to move about, expected to seek educational and vocational pursuits as a priority and to take adult roles.
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