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Evolution of Electoral System of India: the Simultaneous Elections Bill of 2018

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The history of the Republic of India begins on 26 January, 1950. The new constitution of 1950 made this country a secular and democratic state. The country started its first election cycle to the Lok Sabha and the State Assemblies simultaneously post-independence in 1951-52. This cycle which was in sync was till the end of the 3rd Lok Sabha when it finally got disrupted during the 4th Lok Sabha and the trend has grown ever since. The cost to the public exchequer to hold State elections in a few States every year has hampered public’s day to day life and has put a further strain on the government employees on electoral duty. Holding simultaneous elections will allow uniformity, coherency and governance. Democracy implies good administration for which free and fair elections are held. But if winning elections become the target (instead of overall development), the democracy will not be served well. Enforcing simultaneous elections will necessitate a radical alteration from the existing status quo.

To summarize the benefits, the following are the reasons to validate my point:

  1. Strengthening democracy: Originally, tax collections were distinct for the Centre and the State assemblies. The Goods and Services Tax Council was introduced through a constitutional amendment and altered the pattern of taxation between the Centre and the States. If the intent of amendments is to strengthen democracy and governance, they should be brought in. The Constitution has been amended in the past to achieve this goal. In the current mechanism of holding elections, in terms of governance and implementation of development programs, enforcing the Model Code of Conduct (MCC) is harmful. If we remain obsessed with local body elections and Assembly elections throughout the working year, the time for developmental work is wasted away. A system must therefore be developed to give a time period of 5 years to the functionary government to focus on governance. Five years imply five years of stable governance.
  2. Curbing corruption: Simultaneous elections can also be implemented to reduce and tackle the problem of corruption and foster a more conducive and healthy socio-economic environment, while the Election Commission’s endeavors to restrain unlawful finances are commendable, elections continue to be a channel for black money and corruption. Frequent elections disrupt normal public life by influencing the delivery of essential services. They also provide the possibility of unscrupulous elements to cause jitters in the society.

In addition to that, the administrative machinery has to be kept into account and the expenses incurred are thereby massive. Frequent elections pose a sizeable burden on resources — both manpower and financial. Security personnel and government officials are effectively deployed on election duty for many months in a year. A case in point is the recurring engagement of teachers for election duty, as a result of which thousands of students lose out. The cost of elections runs into several crores and has been rising upward. The opportunity cost of these lost resources is too high to ignore as India is a resource-constrained developing economy. Simultaneous elections can bring the much-needed operational and functional efficiency in this exercise.

The principle of conducting simultaneous elections is all about stable governance. A sensitive and far-reaching reform requires unanimous support from all political parties. Parliamentary Committee reports have proposed implementable road maps for simultaneous elections.

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Evolution of Electoral System of India: the Simultaneous Elections Bill of 2018. (2019, February 11). GradesFixer. Retrieved January 23, 2021, from https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/evolution-of-electoral-system-of-india-the-simultaneous-elections-bill-of-2018/
“Evolution of Electoral System of India: the Simultaneous Elections Bill of 2018.” GradesFixer, 11 Feb. 2019, gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/evolution-of-electoral-system-of-india-the-simultaneous-elections-bill-of-2018/
Evolution of Electoral System of India: the Simultaneous Elections Bill of 2018. [online]. Available at: <https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/evolution-of-electoral-system-of-india-the-simultaneous-elections-bill-of-2018/> [Accessed 23 Jan. 2021].
Evolution of Electoral System of India: the Simultaneous Elections Bill of 2018 [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2019 Feb 11 [cited 2021 Jan 23]. Available from: https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/evolution-of-electoral-system-of-india-the-simultaneous-elections-bill-of-2018/
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