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Background of the Study Philippines, Djibouti and Angola and other countries in Asia are the remaining countries that remain with a 10-year pre-university program. The Philippine Educational System is one of the most abrupt formal educations in the world covering a span of 14 years. This system involves 6-year primary education, 4 years for secondary education and another 4 years for tertiary education.
Fortunately, the government offers free and compulsory education for the first 6-year class of a pupil. For secondary education, a mandated order for the curriculum is extended. As for tertiary education, it does not negotiate compulsory education but offers scholarship programs. For this reason, the country formulates an idea that adapts the educational system of the majority. In order to maneuver this evident problem on education, the Department of Education has started to implement the new K-12 Curriculum, which serves as the major redeem in the existing curriculum. This reform includes boosting of basic education for mastery and extending of basic education curriculum to incorporate 12 years. By prolonging the basic education, that is, adding kindergarten and two years in high school. The recent program ensures that graduates earn the necessary skills and reach the legal age for employment to qualify entrance into the world of work if they desire or need to do so. On the other hand, graduates who opt to go to tertiary education are deemed better prepared for college study (Seameo Innotech, 2012).
A major change brought about by the K-12 curriculum is the addition of two years in secondary education, known as Senior High School (SHS). The old 4-year secondary curriculum will be now renamed as Junior High School (JHS) which starts from Grades 7 to Grade 10, and Senior High School will follow through from Grades 11 to 12. The newly implemented curriculum offers the highlights on opportunity specialization in Academic, Technical-Vocational-Livelihood, Sports and Arts fields. The chosen tracks depend on the students’ preferences, interests, and capacities. Also, it will determine the subjects to be taken by the student during his/her Senior High School.
The tracks mentioned are as follows:
This study aims to determine the different factors that affect the Senior High School strand preference of selected 10 students; specifically, it aims to answer the following questions:
Theoretical and Conceptual Framework Gottfredson’s theory, occupational aspirations are a reflection of one’s self-concept. People seek occupations that (a) arc congruent with their self-image and (b) reflect their knowledge of different occupations. This theory describes that students become attracted to certain specialization.
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According to this theory, self-concept is the key to specialization selection. Students tend to choose jobs that are compatible with their personality. The key determinants according to the theory are one’s social class, level of intelligence and experiences with sex typing. In the study of Siguan Jr., (1994) as cited in Sonsona (2012) self-concept was also found significant on the choice of specialization of students. Another is Holland’s theory of career choice suggested that people can function and develop best and find job satisfaction in work environments that are compatible with their personalities. People tend to choose a career that is reflective of their personality.
Holland (1994), suggests that the closer the match of personality to job, the greater the satisfaction. Holland’s theory places emphasis on the accuracy of self-knowledge and career information necessary for career decision making (Zunker, 1994 p. 49) as cited in Abernathy (2003).The focus of this study was undertaken by the following conceptual framework.
Input – This includes their track preference and the factors that affect their preference.
Process – In the research process, this includes determining their track preferences and determining the leading factors that affect their preference.
Output – This study would identify the track preferences of Grade 10 students of Valencia National High School and the factors that affect them which can be used as the basis for a career guidance program of the said school and for certain institutions that would like to design and implement a Senior High School program. Significance of the study learning is the aspect of development that connotes modification of behavior, skills, and knowledge that results from practice and experience which sought for quality education.
The generalization of this present study would be a great contribution to the vast knowledge in relation to student’s achievements. Vital results of this investigation could be highly significant and beneficial specifically to the following:
Researchers – This study will inspire them to be creative to carry out programs that are beneficial to both teachers and students, especially in Senior High School.
Students – As the prospective Senior High School learners in the future, the findings of this study would benefit and inspire them to formulate and act upon their career plans in the future.
Future Researchers – This study would serve as a reference that would help in conducting their own research studies
The study is to be administered at Valencia National High School. The said school is selected based mainly on the proximity of its location to the researchers and on the kind of education that they offer to its clientele. Valencia National High School, commonly known as VNHS is situated at Lapu-Lapu St., Poblacion, Valencia City, Bukidnon. The school stimulates the students’ rights to quality, equitable, culture-based and complete basic education. For this reason, the student hones skills and attitude while maintaining a sense of self-discipline. This study focuses on the senior high school track preferences of their Grade 10 students of the Academic Year 2017-2018.
Education – the process of receiving or giving systematic instruction, especially at a school or university. K-12 Curriculum – in general, educational terms, it typically refers to the content being taught and the learning experiences students have in the school setting in grades kindergarten through twelve. K-12 program – is the newly implemented educational system in the PhilippinesSenior High School – is the second part of secondary education under the K-12 program, wherein the students would take up the subjects under their career pathway specialization.
Career Pathways – optional courses that offer the student for specialization in academic, technical-vocational, sports and arts, and entrepreneurship.
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