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I want to farm. The first regulation was in 1838.Agricultural law refers to law that deals with agricultural infrastructure. Put another way, agricultural law pertains to agricultural production, marketing, and distribution. Agricultural law is intended to ensure the efficient production and distribution of foods and fibers. Since the industry is so broad in scope, the law and regulations in this area of law are extremely complex. Agricultural laws often overlap with other laws, such as labor laws, environmental laws, commercial laws, and more.Agricultural lawyers provide services to a variety of clients in the agricultural industry, including chemical suppliers, agricultural equipment manufacturers and distributors, farm owners (such as hogs, commercial trees, or poultry), meat, fruit, and vegetable producers, agricultural finance institutions, and agribusinesses. An agribusiness is one that involves producers or manufacturers of agricultural goods and services, such as fertilizer and farm equipment makers, food and fiber processors, wholesalers, transporters, and retail food and fiber outlets.
Agricultural law is a relatively recent area of law. Now, there are a number of federal statutes that regulate or pertain to agricultural activity in the United States. A number of these laws focus on agricultural workers and farm owners. For example, The Federal Migrant and Seasonal Agricultural Worker Protection Act is designed to protect migrant and seasonal agricultural workers as well as providing financial help to farmers and others for the building or improving of farm housing and other agriculturally related purposes. Another example is The Agricultural Assistance Act of 2003 provides assistance to producers who have suffered losses due to weather-related disasters or other emergency conditions.
The U.S. Congress has the power to regulate agricultural production under Article 1, Section 8 of the Federal Constitution. Programs and laws that pertain to farming are overseen by the Secretary of Agriculture, who represents the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) in the President’s cabinet. The USDA is the federal executive department responsible for developing and executing federal government policy on farming, forestry, and food. The USDA has a number of purposes, such as being responsible for the safety of poultry, egg products, and meat.The Agricultural Adjustment Acts establish and maintain prices for crops by precluding extreme fluctuation in availability. These laws allow the Secretary of Agriculture to allocate a certain amount of farmland for the production of a particular crop, and to divide the land among the states capable of producing the crop. The system is intended to protect against crop surpluses and shortages, thereby preserving economic stability.The Tenth Amendment of the Constitution gives states the right to pass laws that promote the general safety and well-being of the public. Courts have found that agricultural production and consumption directly affect public health and safety. Thus, the Tenth Amendment is the basis for states being able to enact their own agricultural laws as long as those laws are not in contravention of federal laws and regulations.
Sec. 1.001. PURPOSE OF CODE. (a) This code is enacted as a part of the state’s continuing statutory revision program begun by the Texas Legislative Council in 1963 as directed by the legislature in Chapter 448, Acts of the 58th Legislature, Regular Session, 1963 (Article 5429b-1, Vernon’s Texas Civil Statutes). The program contemplates a topic-by-topic revision of the state’s general and permanent statute law without substantive change. (b) Consistent with the objectives of the statutory revision program, the purpose of this code is to make the law encompassed by this code more accessible and understandable by: (1) rearranging the statutes into a more logical order; (2) employing a format and numbering system designed to facilitate citation of the law and to accommodate future expansion of the law; (3) eliminating repealed, duplicative, unconstitutional, expired, executed, and other ineffective provisions; and (4) restating the law in modern American English to the greatest extent possible.Acts 1983, 68th Leg., p. 3478, ch. 576, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1984.
Sec. 1.002. CONSTRUCTION OF CODE. The Code Construction Act (Chapter 311, Government Code) applies to the construction of each provision in this code, except as otherwise expressly provided by this code.Acts 1983, 68th Leg., p. 3478, ch. 576, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1984. Amended by Acts 1985, 69th Leg., ch. 479, Sec. 70, eff. Sept. 1, 1985.
Sec. 1.003. INTERNAL REFERENCES. In this code:(1) a reference to a title, chapter, or section without further identification is a reference to a title, chapter, or section of this code; and (2) a reference to a subtitle, subchapter, subsection, subdivision, paragraph, or other numbered or lettered unit without further identification is a reference to a unit of the next larger unit of this code in which the reference appears.
Sec. 2.001. MANUFACTURED HOUSING. (a) Except as provided by Subsection (b), a manufactured home is personal property.(b) A manufactured home is real property if:(1) the statement of ownership and location for the home issued under Section 1201.207, Occupations Code, reflects that the owner has elected to treat the home as real property; and (2) a certified copy of the statement of ownership and location has been filed in the real property records in the county in which the home is located. (c) In this section,”consumer,”document of title,”first retail sale,”manufactured home, and”mobile home have the meanings assigned by Chapter 1201, Occupations Code. (d) to (h) Repealed by Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 338, Sec. 52(2).(i) This section does not require a retailer or retailer’s agent to obtain a license under Chapter 1101, Occupations Code.Added by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 978, Sec. 15, eff. Sept. 1, 1995. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 899, Sec. 5, eff. Sept. 1, 2001; Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1055, Sec. 5, eff. Jan. 1, 2002; Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 338, Sec. 41 to 43, 52(2), eff. June 18, 2003; Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1276, Sec. 14A.802, eff. Sept. 1, 2003.
Sec. 2.002. DRY FIRE HYDRANTS: AGREEMENT IS PERSONAL. (a) An agreement between an owner, lessee, or occupant of real property and a fire-fighting agency relating to the connection of a dry fire hydrant to a source of water on the property or the installation of a dry fire hydrant on the property may not bind a subsequent owner, lessee, or occupant of the real property.(b) In this section:(1)”Dry fire hydrant means a fire hydrant that is connected to a stock tank, pond, or other similar source of water from which water is pumped in case of fire.
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