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Drug and alcohol treatment programs generally fall into one of two categories — inpatient or outpatient rehab. While equally focused on rehabilitation, each type has unique attributes and benefits to offer. Inpatient rehabs are intensive, residential treatment programs designed to treat addictions. Outpatient rehabs are part-time programs, allowing the recovering user to keep going to work or school during the day.
Inpatient recovery programs, also known as residential treatment, require patients to check themselves into a controlled environment to overcome their addictions. Patients stay at a clinic with 24-hour medical and emotional support.
It’s important to properly prepare for rehab. There’s no set amount of time needed to prepare for treatment. It is important to set an entry date for rehab and to have affairs settled before that date. Some of the things to take care of before entering rehab include:
During inpatient treatment, residents can completely focus on getting well and sober without the distractions of everyday life. A typical day in residential treatment is carefully scheduled and accounted for. Psychologists, counselors, and psychiatrists meet with patients individually and in group settings to guide inpatient recovery.
A typical inpatient program runs anywhere from 28 days to six months.
The first step in inpatient treatment is medically assisted detox. Physicians and addiction specialists monitor patients” vital signs while the drugs exit the system. Drug cravings are common during detox and can be difficult to overcome, often leading to relapse.
Constant medical care provided during inpatient treatment helps guard against relapse. Clinicians can provide necessary medicine and medical expertise to lessen cravings and withdrawals. The brain reacts differently to different addictive substances over time and frequent use. Withdrawal symptoms aren’t pleasant for any drug, but some drugs should never be quit without medical supervision. Some withdrawals can be fatal. Lethal withdrawals are linked to drugs like synthetic opiates, benzodiazepines, alcohol and heroin.
During inpatient rehab patients have access to 24-hour medical attention. This attention can mean the difference between relapse and recovery. Outpatient drug rehab is less restrictive than inpatient programs. Outpatient recovery programs usually require 10 to 12 hours a week spent visiting a local treatment center.
These sessions focus on drug abuse education, individual and group counseling, and teaching addicted people how to cope without their drug. Outpatient drug rehab can be a good standalone option for someone with a mild addiction, or it can be part of a long-term treatment program.
The average outpatient detox period lasts 6.5 days. Patients must visit a hospital or other treatment facility for physical and mental check-ups during outpatient detox. Clinicians or doctors might administer medications on-site to soothe withdrawal symptoms like anxiety, depression and increased heart rate.
Outpatient drug rehab allows recovering addicts to remain at home during treatment. Those undergoing outpatient drug rehab can continue working and remain close to family and friends. Outpatient treatment centers usually conduct meetings at night or in the early morning, helping those in the program maintain their normal schedules.
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