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§ Country Established: September 18, 1810
§ Native Language: Spanish
§ Current Population: 17.97 million
§ Gross Domestic Product: 247 Billion US Dollars
WHAT IS THE MILITARY AGE? IS SERVICE MANDATORY OR OPTIONAL?
In Chile, there is something called Servicio Militar Obligatorio (SMO) where men and women at the right age can voluntarily do military service. The good thing in this country is that you can choose what part of the force you want to train – may it be the Army, Navy, or Air Force. Basically, the country has reformed its conscription and retained military service via volunteering. The only problem now is when the country has a shortage of the Armed Forces then they need to regulate the military conscription in order to recruit new potential conscripts.
DRUG LAWS (which drugs are legal? Which are illegal?)
ü Illegal Drugs: Cannabis, Cocaine, Depressants, Hallucinogens, Hashish, Marijuana, Narcotics, Ecstasy, Heroin
ü Legal Drugs: Medical Marijuana (with a medical prescription and legal paper works), Prescription Medicine, Vitamins
GUN LAWS (what are the parameters for gun ownership?)
Chile is lenient when it comes to gun ownership. You need to have a valid reason to apply why you need a gun – may it be for self-protection, hunting, target shooting, or collection. The minimum age to own a gun is the legal age. Before you get an approval, you must pass the mental health, criminal records, and thorough background checks. After you procure a gun, the next step is to register your weapon and make sure to renew it once every five years.
PROSTITUTION (Is it legal? What are the laws around it?)
Chile has long far legalized prostitution in its country not only to regulate their workers but also to make sure that the prostitutes get an equal treatment to their National Health Services. But comes with this is the ugly truth of illegal ways to prostitute such as pimping and creating brothels. The government would like to extend its help in the professional sex workers so that they will not be a victim of sex trafficking and child prostitution.
VICES (do they consume more drugs than alcohol? Vice versa? Something else?)
It was stated that the most abused drug in the country is Marijuana. As with other countries in Southern America, Chile is fighting its battle against drug trafficking. Meanwhile, even with the help of non-government organizations to stop drugs, it’s saddening to know that Chile is one of the highest figures for substance abuse. The good thing is that the Chilean government is ready with their rehabilitation and facilities to help those who badly needed treatments.
MOST DEVASTATING WAR/CONFLICT IN ITS HISTORY
The Chilean War of Independence may be the most epic battle for Chile. It was a stance between Chilean criollos and Spain. The Chilean wanted independence from the rule of Spain and this Independence is a hard feat. The war started in 1810 and lasted until 1826 when finally, the Spaniards surrendered. After the hard-earned win, the saddest part is that Chileans are divided because there are elites who were Spain royalist. They wanted to retain the religion, property, and other privileges.
NATIONAL SPORT OBSESSION
It’s really no wonder that wherever you go in South America, Football is the most prominent thing in all of them and Chile is no different. You will see soccer fields everywhere and there are always people playing and watching the sport.
Chile is pretty much solid when it comes to its economy. Their biggest industries are the industrial and service sectors that contribute the biggest in the country’s Gross Domestic Products (GDP). In the industrial sector, Chile is very dependent on its copper, coal and nitrate mining. Also, they have other industries such as agriculture and manufactured products.
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