Legalization of Marijuana: Advantages Outweigh The Disadvantages

About this sample

About this sample


Words: 1007 |

Pages: 2|

6 min read

Published: Apr 29, 2022

Words: 1007|Pages: 2|6 min read

Published: Apr 29, 2022

Table of contents

  1. Introduction
  2. Background
  3. Reasons Why Marijuanas Shouldn't Be Legalized
  4. Health Concerns
    Impact on Society
    Gateway Drug
  5. Perspectives on Legalization
  6. Conclusion
  7. References


Marijuana, also known as cannabis, is one of the most commonly used drugs throughout the world. It has a long history of use for various purposes, including recreational activities, medicinal applications, and even spiritual and religious ceremonies in ancient times. However, the legalization of marijuana has become a controversial issue in today's world. While proponents argue that it should be legalized for various reasons, including potential economic benefits and individual freedom, there are strong arguments against its legalization due to the potential harm it can cause to both health and society. This essay aims to analyze the various stakeholder issues, their perspectives on the legalization or illegalization of marijuana, and ultimately argue against its legalization.

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Marijuana has a long and complex history. Its use can be traced back thousands of years to various cultures for medicinal, recreational, and spiritual purposes. In ancient times, it was used in religious ceremonies by cultures such as the ancient Chinese, Indians, and Native Americans. However, in the 20th century, a global trend towards criminalizing marijuana emerged, largely driven by concerns over its psychoactive effects and potential negative societal impacts. In recent years, there has been a growing movement advocating for the legalization of marijuana, primarily for medicinal and recreational purposes. Several countries and states have already taken steps in this direction. For example, Canada, Uruguay, and multiple U.S. states have legalized marijuana for recreational use, while many others allow it for medicinal purposes. These developments have sparked debates on the potential benefits and drawbacks of marijuana legalization.

Reasons Why Marijuanas Shouldn't Be Legalized

Health Concerns

One of the most significant arguments against marijuana legalization is the potential health risks associated with its use. While proponents often argue that marijuana is less harmful than legal substances like alcohol or tobacco, this comparison doesn't address the inherent health risks posed by marijuana itself. Marijuana contains psychoactive compounds, primarily THC, which can have a range of adverse effects on physical and mental health.

Long-term marijuana use has been associated with cognitive impairments, memory problems, and an increased risk of mental health disorders such as anxiety, depression, and schizophrenia. These risks are particularly concerning for young people, whose brains are still developing and more susceptible to the negative effects of marijuana. Moreover, smoking marijuana can harm the respiratory system, leading to bronchitis and lung problems.

Furthermore, marijuana has the potential for addiction. While not everyone who uses marijuana becomes addicted, it can be habit-forming, leading to significant disruptions in an individual's life, including impaired educational attainment and difficulties in maintaining healthy relationships.

Impact on Society

The societal impact of marijuana legalization is another critical aspect to consider. Legalization could lead to increased marijuana use, especially among young people. A rise in adolescent use could result in various negative outcomes, including impaired educational achievement, an increased risk of mental health issues, and potential long-term effects on workforce productivity.

Another concern is the potential increase in drugged driving incidents. Marijuana impairs motor skills and decision-making abilities, and legalization may lead to more people driving under the influence, posing risks to both drivers and pedestrians. Public safety should be a paramount consideration when discussing marijuana legalization.

Gateway Drug

The argument that marijuana serves as a gateway drug is a controversial yet persistent concern. Some studies suggest that individuals who use marijuana are more likely to experiment with other, more dangerous substances. While not everyone who uses marijuana will progress to using harder drugs, the concern is that legalization could facilitate easier access to other illegal substances and contribute to substance abuse problems in society.

Perspectives on Legalization

Proponents of marijuana legalization often emphasize several potential benefits. They argue that it could generate significant tax revenue for governments, reduce the burden on the criminal justice system, and redirect resources towards more pressing issues. Additionally, advocates contend that legalization could lead to better regulation and quality control of marijuana products, reducing the risks associated with black-market products.

Moreover, the argument for individual freedom and personal choice is frequently raised. Advocates argue that adults should have the autonomy to make decisions about their own bodies, including whether or not to use marijuana. This perspective aligns with the principles of personal liberty and autonomy, which are fundamental in democratic societies.


In conclusion, while there are arguments in favor of marijuana legalization, the potential health risks, societal impacts, and the possibility of it serving as a gateway drug are compelling reasons to oppose its legalization. The harm that marijuana can cause to physical and mental health, particularly among vulnerable populations like adolescents, should not be underestimated. Furthermore, the negative consequences of increased marijuana use on public safety and productivity cannot be ignored.

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It is crucial to approach the question of marijuana legalization with caution, considering both the potential benefits and harms. While there may be ways to decriminalize marijuana possession and provide access for medicinal purposes, outright legalization for recreational use should be met with careful consideration and thorough examination of the available evidence. In the interest of public health and the well-being of society, a cautious approach that prioritizes safety and responsible regulation should be favored over hasty legalization efforts. The lessons learned from jurisdictions that have already legalized marijuana can inform these discussions and help strike a balance between individual rights and public welfare.


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Legalization of Marijuana: Advantages Outweigh the Disadvantages. (2022, April 29). GradesFixer. Retrieved December 7, 2023, from
“Legalization of Marijuana: Advantages Outweigh the Disadvantages.” GradesFixer, 29 Apr. 2022,
Legalization of Marijuana: Advantages Outweigh the Disadvantages. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 7 Dec. 2023].
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