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The Pilgrims were the English settlers who established the Plymouth Colony in the North America. They formed the first permanent settlement of Europeans in New England.
The Mayflower passengers sighted land on November 9, 1620. Of the 102 colonists, 35 were members of the English Separatist Church. The most notable passengers on the Mayflower were: Myles Standish who became the military leader of the new colony; William Bradford, a leader of the Separatist congregation and author of “Of Plymouth Plantation.”
Three more ships traveled to Plymouth after the Mayflower. In comparison with later groups who founded colonies in New England, the Pilgrims of Plymouth failed to achieve lasting economic success. In 1692, Plymouth was absorbed by the colony of Massachusetts.