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The world has been experiencing constant revolutions due to scientific discoveries transforming lives. This comes as a result of innovations being adopted towards improving people’s lifestyles. Several areas of specialization in medicine have experienced drastic changes, and improvements like precision medicine, precision nutrition, and magic bullets have led to improvements in human health and impacting positively. The present health problems facing the health sector like cancer and diabetes have led to high fatality rates since the commonly used drugs are not equally effective among patients due to variations of personal traits and responsiveness.
Owing to this, scientists have engaged continuously in making discoveries in medicine to address the problems. Such findings have the scientific principles behind the solutions and their applications.
Although precise medicine has offered a promising future through a revolution of medical diagnostics, there are challenges encountered. Competition in the innovation sector has led to the prioritization of scientific discoveries commercialization at the expense of solving societal problems. Owing to this, the issues of intellectual property rights has limited the full adoption and application of precise medicine among the deserving patients due to implications of the procedures involved in getting rights and reaching an understanding between the involved parties. Additionally, the analysis process for acquiring necessary data for prescribing diagnosis requires high investment capital and generally expensive (Huser et al., p79). For example, the use of next-generation sequencing to obtain patient’s genomic information and data processing followed by precise medicine drug development process is time-consuming requiring a high cost. As a result, the majority of the deserving patients are not able to afford this medication despite its advantages and necessity. Besides, availability of manpower skills and machines required for artificial intelligence and complex machine learning algorithms application and the entire process to the end are not available in most countries especially developing nations where disease manifestation is significantly high.
The application of precise medicine in treatment is an important discovery guided by scientific principles. It offers a specific medical solution based on the patient’s genotypic characteristics, and it has a promising future in the healthcare sector. There is a possibility of reducing fatal diseases through precise medicine and therefore reduce the present death rate from disease manifestation.
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