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Parents considered their children property, they could discipline them any way they wanted to, and this even meant that they could take their life. Many times parents would sell their children into slavery, and sometimes disfigured them so they could send them out on the street as beggars. In 1875 the first child abuse prevention group was founded called the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children.
Child labor parents had lots of kids and work on farms. when industrialization kids were used for labor to create? In America, the first child labor law was passed in Massachusetts in 1836, which made the employment age 15 and older. During the late 18th century the increasing population and the Industrial Revolution created many new jobs, and children were used and forced by parents to work in factories. Children were treated very poorly in the factories, days with few breaks, and they were paid less than adults. many states began to create new child labor laws. This group was brought up by a case in 1873, were a child was being severely abused by her care takers. the woman who discovered the abuse turned to the American society for the prevention of the cruelty of animals (Aspca) for the help in convicting the abusers in this case. This was the model for the beginning of ASPCC. In 1912 the U.S. government recognized the need for a children’s bureau that would oversee the health and welfare of children. Even after this recognition new laws prevention child abuse weren’t enforced, the states didn’t have the resources to enforce new laws and abusive parents still didn’t see the need for prevention, children still were being abused. In the next sixty years, they were gradually, working towards prevention. On January 31,1974 congress passed a new law called Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment act, it was to help the states and community to better identify, prevent and treat child abuse and neglect.
Even though laws are passed about child abuse, children are still being abused today. Children can be abused while the mother is still pregnant until 18 years of age regardless of their age, race, religious background, their economic status, or gender. It is very difficult to tell abusive families from non-abusive families, however there are some general characteristics that can be identified. Families who are very strict with their children can sometimes be abusive, many parents have been abused themselves as children . These types of parents were raised to believe that abuse was acceptable in disciplining their children, and many times they don’t see anything wrong in what they’re doing. Another cause of abuse is in a time where the stress level are very high. Some possible situations are a single parent homes , or an unstable family, like a depressed mother or a father that is unemployed. Other times families with twins, children with learning problems, premature babies that need extra care, and mentally retarded babies. Another cause of abuse is drug and alcohol it can affect how parents ability to take care of their children. Drug and alcohol affect your judgment on dealing with typical situations. It cause emotional disorder, some people can become very violent, in these cases they can abuse their kids. These are some situations that have been found in abusive families, and although you can’t tell if a person is going to be abusive, it is important to recognize the signs so that is can be treated.
Children that are abused are usually affected in many ways. They can be affected mentally, physically, and emotionally, and their every day lives and could last till their adulthood. Some of the short-term affects are bruises, fractures, broken bones, low-self steam, head and internal injuries, burns, and shaken-baby syndrome. Short-term affects show us that the child is being abused. Bruises and some broken bones can be normal, but if they’re in certain places and in the same area, it could be abuse from the family. Characteristics of some Abused children would be them playing by themselves, talks to much or too little, some learning problems, temper tantrums, and their motor skills are slow. Some of the long-term affects of children can be the trust of a child to an adult, afraid of people but mostly authority, and low self-esteem. With older children and to adulthood they can be involved in drug and alcohol, hard do get into a relationship, their lake of education. Abuse can affect many things their work to their relationships, how to cope with loved ones, and children.
When the abuser abuses their children or another person, and is reported they have to go through many steps after such as programs, the programs show parents how to resolve their problems. Counseling is manly for every one who is a abuser and had been abused, therapy for parents to show how you know when you are abusing children or what to do, and what not to do. Anger management classes helps the parents to cope with the anger problems in home and out, and to resolve your anger in different ways instead of resolving them in a non abusive way. Drug and Alcohol programs help parents to stay off drugs, and how to deal with their anger instead of in a abusive manner, because most parents when they are stressed or frustrated they tend to go for the kid, and when your on drugs it make it even worse.
Programs for children sending the child to a foster care or Social services, foster care keeps the child until the age of 18 or until the parents are ready to take the care and responsibility needed. Most of the foster cared kids go to a normal school and activities. Some children have to go to anger management classes, to help their anger problems , and how to settle it in a different way. Therapeutic day care is if a child is so mentally unstable, and can do normal physical activities is sent there. To help them learn how to do every day things such as how to talk, walk, eat on there own, relationships, and how to cope with other children. Counseling which every child goes threw that has been abused if reported.
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