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The relationship between the countries of Cambodia and China might have inevitably impacts on the social, economic, and politics in Cambodia. While it might contribute to the poverty alleviation, these bilateral relations appear to be worsening the gaps between the rich and the poor. A concern of the economic disparity might be attributed from the fact that the redistribution of the social revenues is less diverse and inaccessible to the rural poor whereas the natural resources have been unfairly exploited. Also, the exclusive beneficiaries of the national natural resources, the government senior officers and their relatives might be involved both directly and indirectly in an abuse of human rights because of their unusual relations with Chinese firms. Consequently, the income inequality worsened by the corruption and the violation of human rights might fuel the popular stigma, therefore many protests break up consecutively one after another and, in turn, might severely implicate the domestic politics.
China’s aid might clearly have positive impacts on the livelihood of Cambodian people. A majority of textile industries are dominantly run by Chinese firms while the unemployed and the employed in agriculture might benefit from this opportunity to have works and gain higher income for their living. Also, China’s aid assistance in road and bridge constructions and restorations might also contribute to the poverty alleviation and the improvement of life quality through a better access of crops to the market, healthcare and education. Some figures of the poverty alleviation from the government have shown a significantly annual decrease.
The poverty reduction in Cambodia largely depends on the growing garment sector through a creation of more employment. Industry, Cambodia’s third largest currency earner after services and agriculture, fisheries and forestry, composes mainly the manufacture and construction. The relationship between Cambodia and China is mutually beneficial, but good leadership and accountable governments with a long-term vision of achieving sustainable development are required to ensure that such relationship result in a win-win situation.
In conclusion, currently, Cambodia benefits economically from China’s inflow of investment and generous donations, while China benefits politically and strategically for having Cambodia as an ally. However, there is evidence to suggest that Cambodia’s economic gains from China are taking place at the expense of social dislocation and environmental destruction. Cambodia’s dependence on Chinese investment and aid has resulted in the loss of its autonomy, the deterioration of good governance, and permanent damage to the environment.
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