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President Andrew Jackson adopted the Indian removal act in May 28 1830. After this law was passed the President had the power to discuss over the removal of the southern Indian populations to west of the Mississippi river to federal land in exchange for their territory. The non-Indian people of the south were in great support of this bill. But the Indian tribes fought heavily against this bill white people in the northeast and the Whig party also fought this bill. The Cherokee drove to stop this relocation together as an independent country but they were unsuccessful.
The people demanded military and political action to capture Indian land in southern states. Many people viewed the Indian removal act as the end of the Indians right to be in the southern states under their own customary rules. They were required to concede and assimilate to United States law or leave the lands they have lived in for generations. The government of the U.S. started an organized effort to remove Native Americans from the south in the 1800s. The Indian nations were forced to move to Oklahoma.
George Washington originally suggested this acculturation and was well under way between the Cherokee and Choctaw. The United States tried to make Native Americans convert to American culture in which Native Americans were strongly encouraged to convert to Christianity and learn English and switch to more of an American type economic practices such as the individual possession of property.
Thomas Jefferson’s policy echoed Washington’s proposition to respect the Indians rights to their homelands and permit the Five Native American Tribes to stay east of the Mississippi river as long as they switch over to the behavior and ethnic practices that are well-suited with other Americans. Thomas Jefferson encouraged practicing an agriculture based society. Though Andrew Jackson wanted to extend a program of political and military action for the relocation of the Native Americans from these properties and acted toward enacting a rule for Native American removal. In his 1829 State of the Union address Jackson called for relocation.
A series of forced removals of Indian tribes which was sometimes at gunpoint which was called the trail of tears. This removed Indians from their homes in southeast that their ancestors used for generations they were forced to move to the west which was designated as Indian Territory. United States authorities supported these involuntary relocations after they approved the Indian removal act in 1830. Most of the relocated Native American was in a great deal of pain from exposure, illness, and famine while they were walking to their new territories many Native Americans died from these same reasons. The name trail of tears originated from the Native Americans which is what they named it during the way there.
Between 1830 and 1850 the Native American people were involuntarily removed from their traditional homes in the Southeastern U.S. and where removed farther west. Those Indians that were removed were forced to walk to their new homes by state and local militias. The Cherokee relocation in 1838 was came by the discovery of gold close to Dahlonega Georgia in 1828 as a result the Georgia Gold Rush came. Around 2,000–6,000 of the 16,543 removed Cherokee died along the way.
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