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What Does Effect On Success?

  • Category: Literature
  • Subcategory: Books
  • Topic: Outliers
  • Pages: 2
  • Words: 705
  • Published: 08 August 2019
  • Downloads: 15
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Teachers and parents enforce since birth that with a little determination and hard work, one can make it anywhere in life. They use examples of people who started off with nothing and rose to celebrity:Derrick Rose, Oprah Winfrey, and Jay Z. Malcolm Gladwell repeats the same idea in his book “Outliers,” a book about the advantages and opportunities that helps individuals achieve success. Gladwell said, “if you work hard enough and assert yourself, and use your mind and imagination, you can shape the world to your desires” a statement that completely contradicts his book. The “Outliers” focuses on why the rags to riches story are not completely due to just hard work and dedication. Gladwell’s quote, teachers, and our parents fail to mention that there are people who are dedicated and hardworking who do not make it. Not everyone is able to tell a rags to riches story,and children are never told about the failures. Sometimes dedication and hard work is not enough to propel one to their goal.

Success does not always depend on variables that someone can control. In the first chapter of “Outliers”, Gladwell talks about Canada’s hockey teams, and their correlation with birthday months. The majority of Canada’s hockey player’s birthdays are in the first few months of the year (Gladwell 27). The hockey players have no control over what month they were born. If a player born in December works hard and is determined to be a successful hockey player, he will still have a lower chance for being put into an advanced league because someone born earlier will be a little bigger and have a little more practice. This is not to say that no professional hockey players were born in the later months,but it is more unlikely. The only factor that determines whether the player who was born in December is successful or not is luck. Another factor that one can not control is money. Money and success go hand and hand. We think that if someone has had success than they must have money. Sometimes people are born into money which gives them an advantage in reaching success. People like Kim Kardashian are famous just for being born into money ,and Drake was given the opportunity to reaching music and acting success by having parents with money.

The environment can also be a determining factor of success. Gladwell brought up Chris Langan and Robert Oppenheimer in his book. Both men were considered geniuses. However, Langan was not successful and Oppenheimer was. The only difference between the two was the environment that they were raised in. Langan could have stayed in college if his mom would not have forgotten to sign the financial aid forms. Oppenheimer tried to poison his tutor ,and was still allowed to stay at school. The difference is that Oppenheimer was taught how to be persuasive sometime in his childhood. Langan’s parents were barely around ,and they did not set a good example for him. Neither of these men had a choice in who their parents were. If the circumstances were switched, the outcome for both men would have been different. This would also explain the epidemic of young african-american men who do not have fathers ending up in jail. It is culturally acceptable for African-American men to leave their children ,so women are left to raise the children alone. These young men then do not have a father figure in their lives to teach them the proper way to be a man; therefore, this leads them to look for what they are missing in gangs. These could be future presidents, doctors, or lawyers ,but they are never given the chance because their environment did not allow it.

Believing that one can shape the world to fit their desires through hard work and determination is a nice thing to tell kids to help them gain confidence in themselves. This myth should be left behind with Santa Claus and the Easter bunny. As kids age, they should learn that the world is not as it seems, and they may never accomplish their dreams. This may be a harsh way to teach our children,but it is necessary in order to prepare them for the real cruel world.

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