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Who Invented The Internet - Bob Kahn, Vint Cerf or Tim Bernes-Lee?

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The internet is without argument one of the best gift to our generation, though it has had it fair share of abuses, negativity, and harm, it has however tremendously impacted on humanity; aided our fast paced generation with quick access to information, ideas, communication and a platform to build more and more inventions, for this, we have many wonderful gentlemen to thank for their mind-blowing inventions and contributions to human race.

The word internet goes way back to the 1900s when Nikola Tesia, Marshall McLuhan, and Vannevar Bush all theorized a possible wireless world that converges as a global village through certain machine and mechanics connected as a network.

With the aforementioned theories and ideas, came the advent of the ARPANET in the late 1960s, the theories and mechanics merged into a three-dimensional shape birthing ARPANET.

Internet evolved from what was formerly known as ARPAnet Project funded by the United State Military after the cold war.

ARPANET helped create the TCP/IP ({Transmission Control Protocol}/{Internet Protocol}) communications standard, that enables definitive data transfer on the Internet today. I am sure we have at one time or another come across the word IP address before, every network has a specific IP Address with which it communicates with other sets of computers or digital devices around it and can be up to 100s to a billion, the truth be told without an IP address one cannot successfully use any digital devices to communicate out to others.

This success recorded in the ARPANET was later used in producing commercial civilian computers and networks for larger consumption.

You may want to ask what then is really an internet? According to Wiktionary, it is defined simply as sets of computer networks that communicate using the internet protocol. This word was originally used and coined by the United States Department of Defense in 1986.

The internet like the computer has evolved greatly from a crawling speed to what we now light/jet speed just generates answers within seconds of search.

Who Invented the Internet – Bob Kahn, Vint Cert or Tim Bernes-Lee?

Robert Bob Kahn

Robert Elliot Kahn was born in New York in 1936 to a Jewish Family, married to Patrice Ann Lyons with nick names, Atilla the Hun, Bob; with net worth $900,000, is said to have co-invented the TCP/IP Protocols with Vint Cerf under the government-sponsored project in Hawaii. He is also known as Robert Elliot kahn; holds Masters and doctorate degrees in Electronic Electrical Engineering and was in charge of implementing the internet programme in DARPA is he also one of the brain behind the architectural designs of the internet.

He originated the ideas used in the DARPA’s Internet program and with help from others, had a breakthrough. He is Known as one of the “Fathers of the Internet,” Kahn was given the responsibility as the man in charge of project ARPANET so named after its sponsor DARPA to demonstrate the connectivity of ARPNET by linking 20 different computers at the International Computer Communication Conference with the packet switch technology.

He is more-so, a professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). He later founded the Corporation for National Research Initiatives (CNRI) and has been its Chairman, CEO, and president ever since.

He has been awarded for his contributions, few of such awards, he shared with Vint Cerf namely; In 1993, Bob Kahn for his visionary technical contributions and leadership in the development of information systems technology received the SIGCOMM Award and shared National Medal of Technology in 1997 and the ACM Turning Award in 2004 with his co-Inventor, the Presidential Medal of freedom by George W. Bush, the then American president, he was also inducted into the hall of fame.

Vint Cerf

Vinton Gray Cerf born on the 23rd June 1943 in New Haven, Connecticut USA, attended Stanford University he majored in Mathematics and UCLA where he obtained a masters in Computer Science in 1970-1972 and doctorate degree from Stanford University,he studied under two notable professors Gerald Estrin, worked in Professor Leonard Kleinrock, then after his studies resumed as assistant professor in the university, during this time he came in contact with Bob Khan then they commenced their research in network packets suite which resulted in the construction of the Dod TCP/IP protocol a backbone of what we now can now refer to as World Wide Web which was finished in 1983, a tool which helped their work in development of the ARPANET in DARPA.

He is often referred to as one the of the fathers of Internet, a title he shares with Bob Kahn, as he co-invented the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP)/Internet Protocol (IP) standard indicating how data are transmitted between networks, if the internet because of his great contributions and he has served as the Vice president and Chief Evangelist for Google since 2005.

His net worth is about $2.5 million.

He served in several organizations like; Google as Vice President, MCI, IETF became a member of some boards at Gallaudet University in 1997, ICANN to mention a few. His conscious contributions have earned him global recognition and several awards, such as the ACM Fellow1994, IEEE 1997, National Medal of Technology and Innovation 1997, Turning Award 2004, Queen Elizabeth Award for Engineering 2013 and fellow of the Royal Society in 2016.

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Tim Berners-Lee

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He is also known as TimBL, whose full name is Sir Timothy John Berners-Lee, is a British Computer engineer born in London on 8th June 1955. He studied Physics at the Queen’s College of the University of Oxford where he graduated in 1976 with first-class honors. A professor of Computer Science at the University of Oxford and at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) currently.

After his education, he got a job as an engineer at the telecommunications company, Plessey in Poole where he worked for two years helping with distribution, transaction systems, message relays, and bar code technology.

Later years in the 1970s, he started out writing out typesetting software, programs and worked as a consultant for companies like D.G. Nash Ltd, and CERN (European Organization of Nuclear Research).

In 1981, he also worked in John Poole’s Image Computer Systems Ltd, where he gained experience in computer networking; this knowledge helped him in building the first ever hypertext which he used for personal purpose.

By 1989 and 1990, with the assistance of Robert Cailliau, he developed the first ever model of the World Wide Web, making it the first web browser and server and successfully ran on a NeXT computer at CERN in 1991, the European Particle Physics Laboratory. The first IP address was info.cern.ch and the first web page is http://info.cern.ch/hypertext/WWW/TheProject.html. He achieved this amazing innovation through, an Internet-based hypermedia initiative, an depth, careful study and research of past works on networking, hypertext, internet, and connectivity.

Essentially, with the invention of the world wide web, it became quite easy to access and see hypertext in an internet web page. Sir Timothy John Berners-Lee invention also brought with it clearer connectivity in forms of the URL (Uniform Resource Locator) which helps to recognize webpagelocations,, HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) helps in publishing web pages and the HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol) while this helps to bring up web pages on request.

He has founded quite a few organization like the World Wide Web Foundation, a non- profit organization, Open Data Institute (2012) and served in others. He is a constant voice championing the freedom of use and affordability of web to humanity as well as its neutrality away from government interference in a way that capacity is built in a positive way for people. He is also an internet Evangelist helping to bring together the public and private sectors in a bid to make broaden access into web more affordable rate of at least 5% one’s monthly income especially for developing countries.

Berners-Lee has received many awards and honours. Some of the honours were awarded by Universities like Manchester, Harvard and Yale. He was Made a Fellow of the Royal Society in 2001, He was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II in the 2004, was appointed to the Order of merit (OM) in 2007, for services to the global development of the internet and won her award for Engineering, he was later inducted into the Internet Hall of Fame with Vinton G. Cerf and Steve Crocker, named by the Times magazine as one of the 100 most influential men and the ACM turning award.

His network is estimated to be $50 million and unlike his other counterparts, he chose to live a natural life devoid of materialism, gave out his work freely for the advancement and development of our world, he gets his satisfaction from the free broader reach or access of the web, enjoyed all over the world.

We can indeed continue this healthy conversation and yet not arrive at a conclusive answer as to who should be addressed as ‘the father of internet’ as many men have over time, tirelessly researched, and developed one item to another that led to all-over packets or networks, we call the internet today, as distinctive as their individual and collective contributions have been, we give all of them the title of Fathers of the modern day internet without much ado.

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"Who Invented The Internet – Bob Kahn, Vint Cerf or Tim Bernes-Lee?" GradesFixer, 27 Jun. 2019, https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/who-invented-the-internet-bob-kahn-vint-cerf-or-tim-bernes-lee/. Accessed 19 February 2020.
GradesFixer. 2019. Who Invented The Internet – Bob Kahn, Vint Cerf or Tim Bernes-Lee?, viewed 19 February 2020, <https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/who-invented-the-internet-bob-kahn-vint-cerf-or-tim-bernes-lee/>
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