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IEEE Book Citation: A Guide to Citing Books with Page Numbers

The IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) citation is a numeric referencing style that writers and editors in technical fields use to cite different types of sources used when completing their research works.

The IEEE book citation is based on the Chicago citation format but uses only bracketed reference numbers for in-text citations. The reference list at the end of a document is where you include full bibliographic information.

This guide will show you how to cite a book with page numbers to support your claims properly and write a professional bibliography.

Peculiarities of IEEE Citation for Books

There are certain rules for in-text citations and reference lists that you must follow when citing IEEE books. The most important include:

  • Arranging the reference list numerically.
  • Numbering in-text citations in square brackets, like this: [1].
  • Placing citations at the end of a signal phrase [2] or sentence, inside the punctuation.
  • Placing a citation right after the quote it covers: “the direct quote that needs to be cited” [4].
  • Using page numbers for references with direct quotes: [5, p. 25].
  • Separating multiple sources by comma: [6], [7], [8].
  • Separating a range of sources by a dash: [9]-[12].
  • Using an author’s first initial and second initial (if available) before the last name in the bibliography section.
  • Formatting book titles and subtitles in italics.
  • Abbreviating states and countries of publication, such as: NY (for New York), USA (for the United States of America).

Types of IEEE Book Citation

Now, since you know the most important specifics of IEEE book citation, let’s go over the structure and examples of references in the IEEE referencing style.

Basic Structure (Printed Books)

The basic IEEE citation book format for printed editions is as follows:


[#] Initial(s) Last Name, Title: Subtitle. Place of Publication: Publisher, Publication Year.


[1] H. G. Wells, Short Stories: Anthology of Classic Tales. London: Flame Tree Publishing, 2017.

*Note that in this case there’s no country mentioned after the city only because London is well-known. However, you are required to add the state/country of a publication with lesser-known cities.

If you’ve provided page numbers for a single page or page range in in-text citations, include them in the reference list, too.



[2] C. Dickens, Great Expectations. Hertfordshire, UK: Wordsworth Editions Limited, 1992, p. 17.

[3] E. Brontë, Wuthering Heights. Hertfordshire, UK: Wordsworth Editions Limited, 1992, pp. 78-81.

Book Chapters

When citing a chapter rather than the entire edition, use the following structure:


[#] Initial(s) Last Name, “Chapter Title” in Title: Subtitle. Place of Publication: Publisher, Publication Year.



[4] G. O. Young, “Synthetic Structure of Industrial Plastics” in Plastics. Reading, MA: Addison Wesley, 2003.


Translated Books

The basic IEEE citation book format for translated works is the following:


[#] Author’s Initial(s) Last Name, Title: Subtitle, trans. Translator’s Initial(s) Last Name. Place of Publication: Publisher, Publication Year.



[5] V. Hugo, Les Miserables, trans. J. Rose. New York: Modern Library, 2009.

Edited Books

To cite an edited work, use the following citation format:


Title: Subtitle. Place of Publication: Publisher, Publication Year.



Effortless Attention. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2010.

Books with a Series Title, Volume Title, and Edition

When the particular edition constitutes a part of a series, use this citation format:


[#] Initial(s) Last Name, Title: Subtitle (Series Name and Volume Number). Place of Publication: Publisher, Publication Year.



[7] E. B. Curtis and J. A. Morrow, Inverse Problems for Electrical Networks (Applied Mathematics Series 13). Seattle, Washington, USA: NBS, 2000.

When such a book’s volume has a title, the following citation should be applied:


[8] R. W. Minck, R. W. Terhune, and C. C. Wang, “Nonlinear Optics” in Applied Optics, vol. 5. Dearborn, MI: OSA, 1966, pp. 1595-1612.

Unless you’re citing a book’s first edition, follow this structure:


[9] M. Bass, Handbook of Optics, vol. 4, 2nd ed. San Francisco, CA, USA: The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2010.

Online Books and Monographs

When citing online IEEE books and monographs, the basic format is the following:


[#] Initial(s), Last Name, Title: Subtitle, xth ed. Place of Publication: Publisher, Publication Year. Accessed on: Abbreviated Month Day, Year. [Online]. Available: URL/DOI/Provider


[10] T. Schlick, Molecular Modeling and Simulation: An Interdisciplinary Guide. New York: Springer, 2010. Accessed on: Mar. 15, 2018. [Online]. Available:

Referencing Various Number of Authors

The IEEE book citation formats differ slightly depending on the number of authors.

No Author

When a book has no author, your reference note simply starts with the title


[11] Norse Tales of Legends, Gods, and Heroes. Longmeadow, MA: LongMeadow Press, 1996.

One Author

When there’s a single author, use the basic format with the first letters of the author’s first name(s).


[12] J. R. R. Tolkien, The Silmarillion. London: George Allen & Unwin, 1977.

Two or Three Authors

With two or three authors, the proper structure would be:


[13] T. Pratchett and N. Gaiman, Good Omens. London: Victor Gollancz Ltd, 1990.

[14] I. Dincer, A. Midilli, and H. Kucuk, Progress in Energy, Energy, and the Environment. Cham, Switzerland: Springer, 2014.

Four to Six Authors

If you cite a book with four to six authors, use “et al.” along with the first author’s name.


[15] U. J. Gelinas et al., Business Processes and Information Technology. Cincinnati, OH: South-Western, Thomson Learning, 2004.

*Another option is to list all the authors if there are four or five of them, like in previous examples.

More Than Six Authors

When there are more than six authors, always use “et al.” after the first author.


We hope that this IEEE book citation guide helped you to understand how to cite this particular type of work in the IEEE referencing style. Sticking to the requirements listed will give credit to authors and editors properly and help to avoid plagiarism. 

But if you want to save precious time, try our free GradesFixer Citation Generator. It can provide you with accurate IEEE book citations in seconds!


When should I include page numbers when citing in IEEE?

Include page numbers with direct quotes and when referring to specific information in the cited text.

Are the rules for citing chapters the same as printed and online books?

Yes, the rules are the same. A chapter’s title precedes a book’s title, and if the chapter has a specific number, include it between the publication year and page numbers.

What sources can I cite with the GradesFixer Citation Generator?

Our Citation Generator provides citations for entire books, their particular sections and chapters, as well as electronic editions. Besides, with the help of this tool you can easily cite PDF files, articles, journals, magazines, newspapers, websites, encyclopedia entries, images, and videos.

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