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IEEE Journal Citation Guide 2021: All You Need to Know About Citing Journal in IEEE

If you still haven’t heard of IEEE, it’s time to get onboard. It is responsible for publishing almost a third of all technical literature in the electronic industry, computer science, and electrical engineering. IEEE has been around since 1963 and is considered the largest association of professionals who are fully dedicated to innovation and technological advancement. 


It contains over 2 million articles and documents from active IEEE standards, conference proceedings, e-journal articles, university letters, magazines, journals, and more. We’re going to get deeper into what IEEE journal citation is, how to use it, and more.

The Difference between IEEE Journal Citation and IEEE Book Citation

If you need to write an academic article and plan to use certain sources to do it, you should mention those sources in your works. Simply acknowledge them by including brief in-text citations in your works, next to the content you’ve used. 


IEEE offers both e-journal and book citation options. An IEEE cite journal article refers to articles with journal citations that are mainly used in the social sciences and general sciences to provide the necessary information for the reader regarding the sources you’ve cited, paraphrased, or quoted in your writings. 


On the other hand, book citations are based on the common format that includes the following information:


  • Last name
  • First name
  • Title of book
  • City of publication
  • Publisher
  • Publication date

How to Use IEEE Journal Citation in Your Article

There are two basic formats for using IEEE journal citation in your works – referencing a print journal or an e-journal citation. If your goal is to reference a print journal citation, here are the elements you need to include:


  • Reference number that directly matches the used in-text citation
  • First initial of the author and their last name
  • Title of the article in double quotation marks and in lower cases
  • Title of the journal in the Italic style, all important words capitalized
  • Page, issue, and volume number
  • Year and month of publication, abbreviated


If you’re using an e-journal citation, the basic format for listing referencing elements is the same as the format for referencing a print journal, with only a few additions:


  • Accessed on: Month, Day, Year (you can omit the access date if there’s a DOI available).
  • Mentioning that it is [Online] before the location.
  • Available location, file, path, or site of a cited e-journal (full URL or a library database provider, or a DOI).


Providing DOI is always a preferable option, but in case it isn’t available, you can rely on the Victoria University database provider. Leave a reference to DOI in IEEE to provide your readers with further reading material.

Basic Template for IEEE Cite Journal Article with Examples

Now that you know how basic formats of IEEE journal citation work, let’s move on to the basic templates for creating an IEEE cite journal article with examples.

Online IEEE journal

In-text citation with DOI

When inserting the citation in text use the source’s corresponding number from the reference list along with a page you’re taking information from. Citation in IEEE format requires using square brackets.


It was shown in [2, p. 165] that the temperature of the panel changes …

Reference list example

For the reference list in this style, you have to provide a numbered list of all the sources used instead of more common alphabetical order. The title of a journal should be placed in quotation marks, followed by the journal’s volume, issue number, pages cited and the year of publication. Besides, for online versions, an access date together with the DOI or URL are required.



[2]     J. Carlson, D. Menicucci, P. Vorobieff, A. Mammoli, and H. He, “Infrared imaging method for flyby assessment of solar thermal panel operation in field settings,” Appl. Therm. Eng., vol. 70, no. 1, pp. 163-171, Sept. 2014. Accessed on Mar. 19, 2018. [Online]. Available: doi:10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2014.05.008

IEEE journal in print

In-text IEEE journal example, single author

If you’re not citing the work directly, but just summarising an author’s idea, there’s an option to include only a number of the source from your reference list. So there’s no need to include page numbers in text. 

This suggests that high-temperature superconductivity [15] is more effective…

Reference list example, single author


Referencing a print journal at the end of your work does not differ dramatically from citing an online one, though there’s no need to add access date, and the article’s DOI/URL.


[15]    G. P. Luth, “Chronology and context of the Hyatt Regency Collapse,” Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 51-61, 2013.

In-text example, two or three authors

In case the source has two or three authors, you are required to mention both authors’ last names and then add the number of sources the way it is located in the reference list.

Fidel and Green [6] suggested that the computer age…

Reference list example, two or three authors

For the option with two or three authors we include the authors’ initials along with a conjunction and between them.



[6]    M. Fidel and H. M. Green, “Engineers perception of information sources,” Inf. Process. Manage., vol. 45, no. 4, pp. 225-256, May 2015.

In-text example, four to six authors

When dealing with four, five, or six authors, what you need is to mention the last name of the first one mentioned in the work along with a phrase at al. Then add a number of the source in square brackets, as usual.

Chanson et al. concluded that accessibility is the key factor that influences engineers’ information-seeking behavior [1]. 

Reference list example, four to six authors

Unlike in the in-text citation, all authors are to be mentioned in a reference list. With their initials abbreviated and listed by comma (except for the last one that require a conjunction and).


[1]     F. Chanson, L. W. Burton, H. Cleveland, G. P. Luth, T. McCarthy, and H. M. Green, “The information-seeking practices of engineers,” J. Doc., vol. 34, no. 43, pp. 120-144, Apr. 2013.

Benefits of Using Our IEEE Picture Citation Generator

Getting your reference lists done correctly and according to the latest standards isn’t only time-consuming but also quite confusing. Especially if you’re new to this whole thing. Fortunately, an IEEE citation generator can help to get the job done in the best way possible. Let’s see how using our citation generator can benefit your efforts:


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  • User-friendly interface
  • Chicago, MLA, APA, IEEE, and countless other top-rated styles
  • Get your citations right with the most accurate citation and reference data on the web


Students and business professionals often experience problems when it comes to getting their reference list done correctly, but that doesn’t have to be an issue anymore. With an IEEE citation generator, you can start saving time, effort, and money by getting a perfect, free tool that will grant you access to the most accurate data and definitions on the internet.


  • What is the IEEE citation style?


The IEEE citation style was developed by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers and is the standard that includes:


  • In-text citations in a form of the numbered sources from a reference list
  • Usage of square brackets both in text and in a reference list
  • List of references at the end of a work


  • How the IEEE citation style differs from other popular styles?


The IEEE citation style is unique because the reference list in the IEEE journal format is organized numerically rather than alphabetically.


  • When to use the IEEE journal format?


While you can use the IEEE journal format in many different areas, it’s best to use it in engineering, computer sciences, and other technical fields. 

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