APSA Citation Generator for Free, Accurate Referencing

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APSA or The American Political Science Association is a world-leading body that publishes political science papers and serves around 12,000 members. However, in order to get published, a paper must adhere to the simple but personal style of APSA.


The rules of referencing using APSA are quite similar to that of Chicago style, and both of them help academics show their audience what outside sources were used in their research work. Increasingly, Universities and Colleges are looking to APSA as a style required by students of political science. 


This strengthens the academic value of your work and helps to avoid the possibility of plagiarism. With this in mind, APSA allows you to show your audience where sources have contributed to a given idea or argument, directing them to a full reference list in a bibliography at the end of the paper. 


To learn how to properly cite the ideas of the greatest minds in the field, we’ve created this detailed guide and shared some of the most remarkable benefits of using our ASPA Citation Generator.


On the outset, APSA style seems quite simple. It follows a citation-reference format whereby a parenthetical reference is placed within the text, with the full reference list at the end. Our APSA citation maker can guide you through all the rules and ensure that your reference list:


  • Begins on a new page, immediately after your conclusion
  • Starts with the word “References” against the left-hand margin
  • Is presented alphabetically 
  • Is presented with a hanging indent form in mind
  • Uses capitals for journals, books and websites
  • Uses quotation marks when presenting articles and chapter titles
  • Begins with a full author name
  • Includes any periodicals or book titles in italics


As well as remembering these different requirements for APSA, there are further rules depending on which kind of text you are referencing. Of course, our APSA Citation Generator can help you with all of these. 

Referencing a book

You should always use italics when referencing book titles and follow the following APSA format:


Surname, First Name. Year. Book Title. State (if required by University): Publisher


An example would be: 


Rossiter, Liam. 2011. Politics of Our Age. New York: Bloomsburg

Referencing a Website

Similar to the format of referencing a book, here you would include the website URL and the date in which you accessed it. Our APSA citation maker would ensure that the following rules are adhered to every single time:


Surname, First Name. Year. “Article Title.” Website, Access Date. URL


An APSA format example would be:

Choi, Matthew. 2021. “Biden’s Climate Target.” Politico, April 22.

Referencing an Article

For articles from journals, the title must always be presented in quotation marks in order to adhere to APSA formatting rules. The name of the publication must also be presented in italics with the following APSA format in mind: 


Surname, First Name. Year. “Article Title.” Publication Title Volume (Issue): Pages.


An example would be: 


Cooper, Amy. 1998. “The Future of Democracy.” Politics in a Globalised World (2): 40 – 45. 


For an article from a popular magazine, the rules are very similar. This time however, you would have to provide a more precise date as to when the article was published.  


Surname, First Name. Year. “Article Title.” Publication Title, Date. 


Here, the APSA format example would be:

Smith, John. 2021. “Covid Response.” How Governments React, 21 April.

Referencing an Online Video

To comply with style rules, our APSA citation maker can ensure your video reference looks something like this template: 


Name of Video Uploader. Year. “Title of Video.” URL (Full accessed date)


Akchuk. 2016. “Make America Great Again!” (21 April 2021) 



Once you have supplied your bibliography, you will need to provide in-text citations at the points of your paper where you want to cite other works. The idea is to show your reader that what you have written is based on someone else’s work and to show them where to find that source in your footnote reference list. 


The general rules indicate that you should present the author’s last name, a publication date along with page numbers in parenthesis, and our APSA Citation Generator can ensure that your citations comply with this. You can consider the examples below.

One Author

You are required to separate a date and the page numbers with a comma.


Such factors do not affect “partisan segmentation” (Hughes 2018, 22)

Two to Five Authors

Here you would add the word “and” between the last two author names. For example:


The guide was due to a “social media epidemic” (Labrov, Henry and Rueben 2020, 3).

Six or More Authors

If your source involves the work of more than 5 authors, you should add the phrase “et al.” after the first authors’ name. In this instance, with the help of our APSA citation fixer, the in-text reference may look like this:


As research indicates, hierarchy is not an indicator to political success (Williams et al. 2010).

Unknown Author

Sometimes, you may not know your source’s author name. In this case, you would start the in-text citation with the title instead of the name. For example:


The far right have indeed begun the turn to far left (“Society and Political Discourse” 2010).


If you are a student of political science or you have dreams of one day being published by the American Political Science Association, adherence to the rules of APSA is essential. If you have been asked to use APSA style in your work, it will be marked accordingly against a strict criterion. Failure to comply with the rules of APSA style could lead to reduced marks for what may otherwise be a very strong piece of work.


Likewise, our APSA Citation Guide can become particularly useful in combating the risk of plagiarism. Whilst you may not intend to, if you don’t reference your sources properly, you could run the risk of copying a work of other academics or attempting to pass their work off as your own. This could lead to severe consequences, and in some institutions, even get you dismissed from your course.


Luckily for you, our citation machine APSA can take away all the risk by delivering accurate citations every time. Our citation fixer is also incredibly easy to use, just fill out the table with all the required information, specify the kind of text that you are referencing, and we will provide you with an instant reference which you can copy and paste into your work. Simple, fast and accurate. Exactly how it should be.  


Whether you are studying political science at high school, you’re writing a thesis for your university course, or perhaps you have set your sights on getting your work published by the American Political Science Association, it is likely that you will need to reference according to the APSA style. Clear conformity to the rules of in-text and end-text referencing will ensure that your work complies to the standards expected of you as well as reducing any chance of plagiarism. 


The trouble is the rules can be complex and time consuming. If you are using sources from a wide variety of texts such as books, websites and videos along with a mixture of different authors, you can quickly find yourself stressed, confused and worn out. Our ASPA Citation Generator eliminates all of this. Our team ensures that everything is fully up to date, meaning all you need to do is enter a few details about your source to get an accurate, fast and compliant APSA citation. 


Does APSA Citation Generator help with both In-Text Citations and Reference Lists?


Yes. APSA requires conformity to specific rules for both in-text and end-text reference lists. Provide the required information and our APA citation fixer will provide you with accurate in-text and bibliography references for your source. 


Can I cite videos using APSA Citation Generator?


Of course, it’s the perfect resource for this. All you need to provide are a few details such as the URL, accessed date and name of uploader and we’ll sort the rest. 


How can I check my reference list in the APSA format?


If you want to check that your reference list is APSA style compliant, simply fill in the details in our APSA Citation Generator and you will be provided with an accurate citation which you can cross-check against for your original reference list. 


Is it safe to use the APSA Citation Generator for students?


Absolutely. We ensure that our APSA Citation Generator is always up to date and is new edition compliant. You can rest assured that a citation from our generator is safe and accurate every time you use it. 

We can help you get a better grade and deliver your task on time!
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