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The Harvard referencing style originates from Harvard University, and it was first used in the 1880s. It marked a turnaround in how people create references, especially when it comes to in-text citation.
The Harvard style is an author-year system that can be used in any field of academia. Because it’s crucial to put citations right after sourced quotes, Harvard referencing eliminates any need for the use of footnotes. As a result, citations are economical, simple, and straightforward.
Like every other referencing style, Harvard has unique rules for different types of sources. When it comes to citing books, here is the general template.
Structure: Author or authors (the surname is followed by first initials) Year, Title (in italics), Edition, Publisher, Place of Publication.
Hasler, E 2018, The built environment, Liverpool University Press, Liverpool.
Puccio, GJ, Cabra, JF & Schwagler, N 2018, Organizational creativity: a practical guide for innovators & entrepreneurs, Sage, Thousand Oaks, CA.
Crauder, B, Evans, B, Johnson, J & Noell, A 2018, Quantitative literacy: thinking between the lines, W.H. Freeman, New York, NY.
Britannica Educational Publishing 2018, Statistics and probability, Britannica Educational Publishing, Chicago, IL.
Fetter, FA 1904, The principles of economics: with applications to practical problems, Century, viewed 28 January 2022, <https://www.gutenberg.org/files/40077/40077-h/40077-h.htm>.
Smith, KL (ed.) 2018, Sociology of globalization: cultures, economies, and politics, Routledge, Boulder, CO.
Wang, S 2018, ‘From special economic zones to special technological zones’, in C Hsieh & M Lu (eds), Changing China: a geographic appraisal, Taylor & Francis, Boulder, CO, pp.137-155.
Known for its simple and easy use of in-text citations, the Harvard style follows straightforward guidelines for all its parenthetical references, including books.
Emily Hasler talks about… (2018, p.39) OR (Hasler 2018, p. 39).
According to Puccio, Cabra and Schwagler (2018)… OR (Puccio, Cabra & Schwagler 2018).
Crauder et al. (2018) have found… OR (Crauder et al. 2018).
As Britannica Educational Publishing (2018) said… OR (Britannica Educational Publishing 2018).
Fetter (1904) stated… OR (Fetter 1904).
Edited by Smith (2018)… OR (ed. Smith 2018).
Wang (2018, p. 137) states that… OR (Wang 2018, p. 137).
It’s essential to make citations and reference lists according to the rules if you want your work to be free from plagiarized content. However, if you’re a student trying to meet all deadlines or a busy employee who doesn’t have time to check all citation details and nuances, our Citation Generator can come in handy.
Create citations in just a few seconds with this helpful and easy-to-use tool! All you have to do is insert the book information, and our Citation Generator will create a ready-to-use Harvard citation in a blink of an eye!