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The IEEE referencing style by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers is the standard for citing sources in professional papers related to technical fields, such as engineering, electronics, physics, and biotechnology.
It’s a numeric style that requires using numbers in square brackets to indicate sources in the text and arrange them in reference lists.
Here are the essential rules and examples for citing journals in the IEEE style.
When creating reference list entries for IEEE journal citations, use the following formats:
Structure: [Number] Author’s Initial(s). Last Name, “Article title: Article subtitle,” Journal Title, Volume Number, Issue Number, Page or Page Range, Abbreviated Month Year.
 I. S. Qamber, “Flow graph development method,” Microelectronics Reliability, vol. 33, no. 9, pp. 1387-1395, July 1993.
 F. Chanson, L. W. Burton, H. Cleveland, G. P. Luth, T. McCarthy, and H. M. Green, “The information-seeking practices of engineers,” Journal of Documentation, vol. 34, no. 43, pp. 120-144, Apr. 2013.
Structure: [Number] Author’s Initial(s). Last Name, “Article title: Article subtitle,” Journal Title, Volume Number, Issue Number, Page or Page Range, Abbreviated Month, Year. Accessed on: Abbreviated Month Day, Year. [Online]. Available: Database Name if applicable, homepage URL or only the article URL/DOI
 K. Glover and J. Willems, “Parametrizations of linear dynamical systems: Canonical forms and identifiability,” IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control, vol. 19, no. 6, pp. 640-646, Dec. 1974. Accessed on: Feb. 9, 2022. [Online]. Available: IEEE Xplore, https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/
 T. Wang, “A blended collaborative teaching mode in language learning based on recommendation algorithm, International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning, vol. 16, no. 23, pp. 111-126, Dec. 2021. Accessed on: Feb. 9, 2022. [Online]. Available: https://online-journals.org/index.php/i-jet/article/view/27253
 X. Wang et al., “Vision-language navigation policy learning and adaptation,” IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, vol. 43, no. 12, pp. 4205-4216, Dec. 2021. Accessed on: Feb. 9, 2022. [Online]. Available: doi:10.1109/TPAMI.2020.2972281
*Note: The source in the fifth example above has more than six authors, so only the first one’s name is necessary, followed by “et al.”
The IEEE referencing style requires only numbers in square brackets to indicate the sources matching reference list entries. Use the same number when mentioning a specific source multiple times.
Qamber argued this method’s effectiveness in 1993 .
Engineers typically seek information using several practices .
Glover and Willems argued that … .
To explore this topic further, see .
Recent studies , ,  have suggested that …
Several studies  –  have proven this theory.
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