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Turabian Video Citation

Originally designed to assist University of Chicago attendants in creating formatted theses and dissertations, the Turabian citation style is currently one of the main referencing formats among students and their major writing projects.

The Turabian manual comes in two varieties, the notes and bibliography and the author-date variety, meaning students can choose between two correct ways of citing their sources in the Turabian citation style.

The notes and bibliography style is widely popular in humanities, while the author-date style is more common across physical and natural sciences.

Formatting reference lists in the Turabian style

How you cite video sources in the Turabian style will depend both on the video format and the citing variation you’re using. Below are some video format citation examples in the notes and bibliography, as well as in the author-date styles.

Notes and Bibliography Style

Films and DVDs

Structure: Movie Title. Directed by Director’s Name. Studio, Release Year. Duration. URL.


Crumb. Directed by Terry Zwigoff. Superior Pictures, 1994. DVD. Sony Pictures, 2006.

War Room. Directed by Alex Kendrick. Affirm Films, 2015. 2 hr. 

Online music videos

Structure: Artist Name. “Name of a video song”. Directed by Director’s Name. Month Day, Year of access. Music video, minutes:seconds. URL.

Example: Beyoncé. “Sorry.” Directed by Kahlil Joseph and Beyoncé Knowles. June 22, 2016. Music video, 4:25.


Author-date Style

Films and DVDs

Structure: Director’s Last Name, First Name, dir. Movie Title. Studio, Year of Release. Duration. URL


Zwigoff, Terry, dir. Crumb. Superior Pictures, 1994. DVD. Sony Pictures, 2006.

Kendrick, Alex director. War Room. Affirm Films, 2015. 2 hr. 

Online videos

Beyoncé. 2016. “Sorry.” Directed by Kahlil Joseph and Beyoncé Knowles. June 22, 2016. Music video, 4:25. 



Parenthetical references in the Turabian style

While the Turabian style reference lists look similar regardless of the version you’re using, the main difference is visible in the in-text citations.

The notes and bibliography style uses numbered footnotes throughout the entire text. Here’s an example of a footnote list:

  1. Crumb, directed by Terry Zwigoff (Superior Pictures, 1994), DVD (Sony Pictures, 2006).
  2. War Room, directed by Alex Kendrick (Affirm Films, 2015), featuring Alex Kendrick, Priscilla Shirer, Karen Abercrombie, Alena Pitts, and T.C. Stallings, 
  3. Beyoncé, “Sorry,” directed by Kahlil Joseph and Beyoncé Knowles, June 22, 2016, music video, 4:25, 

For writers who follow the author-date style, in-text citations are much shorter and simpler. Check out these examples:

(Crumb 1994)

(War Room 2015)

(Beyoncé 2016)

How Citation Generator can help you

If you’re running out of time, creating footnote citations and reference lists is a time-consuming task, especially for students trying to meet all their deadlines. However, accurate citations are the only thing ensuring your paper is accepted as it won’t contain any plagiarized content.

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The Citation Generator can create perfect Turabian referencing style citations in just a few seconds. With Citation Generator by your side, you can rest assured all your citations will be intact, and you’ll be able to submit your papers before the deadline.

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