A Rhetorical Analysis of The Inaugural Address of John F. Kennedy

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About this sample


Words: 509 |

Page: 1|

3 min read

Published: Sep 12, 2018

Words: 509|Page: 1|3 min read

Published: Sep 12, 2018

Former President John F. Kennedy in his Presidential Inaugural Address, delivers a hopeful, inspiring speech about the actions he will take and the actions he expects citizens to take to achieve world peace. Kennedy’s purpose is to impress upon readers the idea that to achieve world peace, countries must take immediate action to help each other, which begins with the individual actions and determination of each citizen in those tense Cold War times. Through his call to action and rhetorical appeals, he creates a sense of urgency to act sooner than later.

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Kennedy shifts to his discussion of how the United States will succeed on a global scale by expressing his expectations of citizens. Through anaphora, such as “Let both sides” and “my fellow citizens,” Kennedy reveals what is core to contributing to world peace: cooperation. From this speech, the citizens will remember the repetition the most thoroughly because so much time is spent going over these ideas again and again. By emphasizing “my fellow citizens,” residents feel a connection with President Kennedy: that he is a man they can relate to and someone they are willing to trust and help for his goal of world peace, due to the fact that he believes in citizens’ individual abilities. Most famously and also most effectively used, the chiasmus of “Ask not what your country can do for you; ask what you can do for your country” makes a lasting impression on citizens because it is catchy and memorable. People are compelled to act more generously and keep in mind the feelings of others for that is the base of global peace and universal understanding. In addition to being memorable, the chiasmus also notes that because Kennedy is a citizen himself, this marks in citizens a sense of reverence because he is a man who seeks satisfaction in helping the United States rise as a power; he is not President just for the satisfaction of the title. By keeping in mind his audience, the citizens of the United States, Kennedy effectively engages people to work together for the well-being of the world.

In the final analysis, it is apparent that Kennedy convinces the citizens of the United States that their involvement in national issues is just as crucial as his own efforts in diplomacy. Through the use of powerful anaphora, antithesis, and chiasmus, Kennedy convinces millions throughout the country that cooperation is in the hands of the common people and must occur for world peace to ensue. This text still speaks volumes decades later because of its relevant morals that generosity and teamwork lead to success, just like the current election where Hillary Clinton does not promote isolationist policies of building walls against other nations. Instead, she wants to help citizens improve their own lives by granting affordable college. As a result, understanding Kennedy’s “Inaugural Address” is significant to daily life because it teaches the mantra that solutions are better found together and that true satisfaction derives from working hard together for a common cause and not always focusing on the prize.

Works Cited

  1. Kennedy, J. F. (1961). Inaugural Address of President John F. Kennedy. The White House.
  2. Cohen, J. L. (2013). Cold War civil rights: Race and the image of American democracy. Princeton University Press.
  3. Dallek, R. (2003). An unfinished life: John F. Kennedy, 1917-1963. Little, Brown.
  4. Goldzwig, S. R., & Dionisopoulos, G. N. (2009). Presidential rhetoric and the public agenda: Constructing the war on drugs. Presidential Studies Quarterly, 39(1), 53-73.
  5. Griffin, M. J. (2017). Understanding JFK's inaugural address. Political Science Quarterly, 132(3), 471-499.
  6. Leff, M. C. (1990). The chiasmus and the rhetoric of the Kennedy administration. Rhetoric & Public Affairs, 2(2), 217-242.
  7. Matthews, C. (2011). Jack Kennedy: Elusive hero. Simon and Schuster.
  8. Schlesinger, A. M. (2002). A thousand days: John F. Kennedy in the White House. Mariner Books.
  9. Smith, C. R. (2016). How John F. Kennedy changed the world. ABC-CLIO.
  10. Zarefsky, D. (1992). President Kennedy's Inaugural Address: Genre, Performance, and Rhetorical Situation. Quarterly Journal of Speech, 78(4), 369-386.
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A Rhetorical Analysis of the Inaugural Address of John F. Kennedy. (2018, July 23). GradesFixer. Retrieved December 10, 2023, from
“A Rhetorical Analysis of the Inaugural Address of John F. Kennedy.” GradesFixer, 23 Jul. 2018,
A Rhetorical Analysis of the Inaugural Address of John F. Kennedy. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 10 Dec. 2023].
A Rhetorical Analysis of the Inaugural Address of John F. Kennedy [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2018 Jul 23 [cited 2023 Dec 10]. Available from:
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