Abortion Should Be Legal: Analysis of Arguments

About this sample

About this sample


Words: 959 |

Pages: 2|

5 min read

Published: Sep 7, 2023

Words: 959|Pages: 2|5 min read

Published: Sep 7, 2023

Table of contents

  1. Introduction
  2. Protecting Women's Rights and Autonomy
  3. Promoting Public Health and Reducing Maternal Mortality Rates
  4. Preventing Unintended Pregnancies and Promoting Reproductive Health
  5. Conclusion


Abortion should be legal, and this argumentative essay aims to elucidate why. The debate surrounding abortion is one of the most contentious and complex issues in society, touching upon matters of ethics, religion, and individual rights. However, it is essential to recognize that legalizing abortion is not about promoting abortion as a preferred choice, but rather about upholding women's rights and autonomy over their own bodies. Denying women access to safe and legal abortion can lead to physical harm, emotional trauma, and economic hardship. Moreover, it is crucial to analyze how legalizing abortion is essential for promoting public health and reducing maternal mortality rates. By providing access to safe and legal abortion, we can prevent unintended pregnancies, reduce the need for unsafe abortions, and promote reproductive health and well-being.

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Protecting Women's Rights and Autonomy

Protecting women's rights and autonomy over their bodies is the cornerstone of the argument for legalizing abortion. At its core, this issue revolves around individual freedom and the right to make personal decisions. When a woman faces an unintended pregnancy, her circumstances, health, and personal beliefs must be taken into account. Forcing women to continue pregnancies against their will violates their autonomy and infringes upon their fundamental rights.

Denying women access to safe and legal abortion can have dire consequences. In such situations, women may be coerced or pressured to carry a pregnancy to term, often resulting in physical harm and emotional trauma. Moreover, the economic hardships that can arise from an unwanted pregnancy can be devastating, affecting not only the woman but also her family and community. Legalizing abortion is about giving women the agency to make choices that align with their life circumstances and beliefs, ensuring they are not subjected to unnecessary suffering.

Furthermore, the argument for protecting women's rights extends beyond the individual. It speaks to the broader societal values of equality and fairness. When women are denied access to safe and legal abortion, they are effectively treated as second-class citizens, unable to exercise control over their reproductive health. Legalizing abortion is a step towards gender equality, acknowledging that women have the same rights as men to determine the course of their lives and make choices that are best for them.

Promoting Public Health and Reducing Maternal Mortality Rates

The impact of legalizing abortion on public health and maternal mortality rates cannot be overstated. When abortion is illegal, it drives the practice underground, making it difficult to regulate and ensure safety standards. This leads to a significant increase in unsafe abortions, resulting in severe health complications and, in some cases, death for women. Studies consistently show that countries with restrictive abortion laws tend to have higher maternal mortality rates.

On the contrary, in countries where abortion is legal and accessible, there is a substantial decrease in maternal mortality rates. This is primarily because women can access safe abortion services provided by trained healthcare providers. Legalizing abortion is, therefore, a crucial step in safeguarding the health and well-being of women, ensuring that they receive the medical care and support they need during pregnancy-related situations.

Moreover, the public health benefits extend beyond maternal health. Legal abortion ensures that women can access accurate medical information and counseling regarding their choices. It also encourages open dialogue with healthcare professionals, leading to better overall reproductive healthcare. The regulation of abortion services means that women receive the necessary medical attention and follow-up care, reducing the likelihood of complications and ensuring their long-term health.

Preventing Unintended Pregnancies and Promoting Reproductive Health

Legal access to abortion plays a pivotal role in preventing unintended pregnancies and promoting overall reproductive health. Unintended pregnancies can have far-reaching consequences for women, affecting not only their physical health but also their emotional and economic well-being. By providing women with the option of abortion, we empower them to take control of their reproductive choices and make decisions that align with their life circumstances and aspirations.

Comprehensive sex education and access to contraception, in conjunction with legal abortion, form a comprehensive strategy to reduce unintended pregnancies. When women have the knowledge and resources to prevent pregnancies they do not desire, it leads to better family planning and healthier outcomes for both women and children. Legalizing abortion should be seen as an integral part of this strategy, ensuring that women have the tools and options they need to make informed decisions about their bodies and their futures.

Furthermore, legalizing abortion helps reduce the stigma associated with reproductive healthcare choices. It sends a powerful message that a woman's decision about her pregnancy is a matter of personal autonomy and is not subject to judgment or discrimination. This shift in societal attitudes can foster a more open and supportive environment for women, encouraging them to seek timely and appropriate medical care and guidance regarding their reproductive health.


In conclusion, the argument for legalizing abortion is multifaceted and rooted in the principles of women's rights, autonomy, and public health. Denying women access to safe and legal abortion not only infringes upon their fundamental rights but also places their physical and emotional well-being at risk. Legalizing abortion is essential for protecting women's rights and ensuring they have the agency to make choices that are in their best interest.

Moreover, legalizing abortion has a direct and positive impact on public health by reducing maternal mortality rates and promoting overall reproductive healthcare. It prevents unintended pregnancies, empowers women to make informed choices, and contributes to a more open and supportive societal attitude toward reproductive healthcare decisions.

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While the debate surrounding abortion will continue to elicit strong opinions, it is crucial to recognize that legalizing abortion is not about promoting one choice over another but about upholding the rights, health, and dignity of women in society. Therefore, it is imperative that we continue to advocate for the legalization of abortion as a vital component of women's reproductive rights and healthcare.

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This essay was reviewed by
Dr. Oliver Johnson

Cite this Essay

Abortion Should Be Legal: Analysis of Arguments. (2023, September 07). GradesFixer. Retrieved July 14, 2024, from
“Abortion Should Be Legal: Analysis of Arguments.” GradesFixer, 07 Sept. 2023,
Abortion Should Be Legal: Analysis of Arguments. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 14 Jul. 2024].
Abortion Should Be Legal: Analysis of Arguments [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2023 Sept 07 [cited 2024 Jul 14]. Available from:
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