Achilles Tragic Journey

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About this sample


Words: 809 |

Pages: 2|

5 min read

Published: Mar 19, 2024

Words: 809|Pages: 2|5 min read

Published: Mar 19, 2024

Table of contents

  1. The Concept of Hubris
  2. Achilles' Journey Begins
  3. The Consequences of Achilles' Decision
  4. Achilles' Hubris Crumbles
  5. Achilles Seeks Vengeance
  6. Achilles' Tragic End
  7. Lessons Learned

In the realm of ancient Greek mythology, the name Achilles evokes a sense of grandeur and tragedy. Known as the greatest warrior of his time, Achilles' story is one of heroism, pride, and ultimately, a tragic downfall. His journey serves as a cautionary tale, highlighting the dangers of unchecked hubris and the consequences it can bring. In this essay, we will delve into the complexities of Achilles' character, the factors that contribute to his tragic journey, and the lessons we can learn from his story.

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The Concept of Hubris

To fully comprehend Achilles' tragic journey, it is essential to understand the concept of hubris. In Greek mythology, hubris refers to excessive pride or arrogance, often leading to the downfall of a hero. Achilles, with his unmatched skill in battle and his divine lineage, was destined for greatness. However, his exceptional abilities and the adulation they garnered from others fueled his hubris, blinding him to the consequences of his actions.

Achilles' Journey Begins

Achilles' journey begins with the Trojan War, a conflict sparked by the abduction of Helen, the wife of Menelaus, by Paris, a Trojan prince. Agamemnon, the leader of the Greek forces, calls upon Achilles to join the battle. Here, we witness the first signs of Achilles' hubris. When Agamemnon claims Briseis, a captured Trojan woman who had become Achilles' prize, as his own, Achilles' pride is wounded. He refuses to fight alongside the Greeks, believing that his absence will teach Agamemnon a lesson. This act of defiance sets in motion a chain of events that ultimately leads to tragedy.

The Consequences of Achilles' Decision

Achilles' decision to withdraw from battle has dire consequences for the Greeks. Without his unparalleled skill and leadership, they suffer heavy losses at the hands of the Trojans. The Greeks, desperate for Achilles' return, send emissaries to persuade him. Achilles remains unyielding, his hubris preventing him from considering the greater good. He allows his personal vendetta against Agamemnon to cloud his judgment and blind him to the suffering of his comrades.

Achilles' Hubris Crumbles

It is only after his dear friend Patroclus is killed by Hector, the Trojan prince, that Achilles' hubris begins to crumble. Consumed by grief and guilt, Achilles reevaluates his priorities. He realizes that his unchecked pride has not only cost him the life of a loved one but has also led to the deaths of many others. This moment marks a turning point in Achilles' tragic journey, as he recognizes the consequences of his actions and the need for redemption.

Achilles Seeks Vengeance

Driven by remorse, Achilles returns to the battlefield, seeking vengeance for Patroclus' death. In a climactic duel with Hector, Achilles emerges victorious, slaying his foe. However, even in this moment of triumph, Achilles' hubris resurfaces. He dishonors Hector's body, dragging it behind his chariot and allowing it to be defiled. This act of disrespect is a clear manifestation of his pride, tarnishing his victory and highlighting the depths of his hubris.

Achilles' Tragic End

The tragic nature of Achilles' journey is further accentuated by his own mortality. Despite his godlike abilities, Achilles is still subject to the fragility of human life. In a tragic twist of fate, Paris, with the aid of Apollo, shoots an arrow guided by the gods' hand, striking Achilles in his vulnerable heel, the only place where he is susceptible to harm. This fatal blow brings Achilles' journey to a tragic end, reminding us that even the mightiest of heroes are not invincible.

Lessons Learned

The story of Achilles serves as a cautionary tale, offering valuable lessons for both ancient and modern audiences. It teaches us the dangers of unchecked hubris and the consequences it can bring. Achilles' downfall is a direct result of his pride and arrogance, ultimately leading to the demise of himself and those around him. His journey is a reminder that even the most gifted and accomplished individuals must remain humble and mindful of their actions.

Furthermore, Achilles' tragic journey highlights the importance of empathy and self-reflection. It is through his experiences of loss and remorse that Achilles begins to recognize the impact of his hubris. His transformation from a self-centered warrior to a compassionate leader is a testament to the power of self-awareness and personal growth. Achilles' journey encourages us to reflect on our own flaws and biases, urging us to strive for humility and empathy in our own lives.

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In conclusion, Achilles' tragic journey is a timeless tale that resonates with audiences across cultures and generations. Through his excessive pride and hubris, Achilles brings about his own downfall and the destruction of those around him. His story serves as a cautionary reminder of the dangers of unchecked ego and the importance of humility and self-reflection. As we navigate our own journeys, we would do well to heed the lessons of Achilles and strive for a balance between ambition and humility, recognizing our own fallibility and embracing the humanity that connects us all.

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This essay was reviewed by
Dr. Charlotte Jacobson

Cite this Essay

Achilles Tragic Journey. (2024, March 19). GradesFixer. Retrieved May 24, 2024, from
“Achilles Tragic Journey.” GradesFixer, 19 Mar. 2024,
Achilles Tragic Journey. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 24 May 2024].
Achilles Tragic Journey [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2024 Mar 19 [cited 2024 May 24]. Available from:
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