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Advantages and Disadvanyages of Cultural Diversity in The Workplace

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In the past times, diversity could not be consider to be one of the important factors in organizations, for example, in the United States which is one of the top countries however have the diversity in the workplace was nearly disappear for the first 150 years after the country’s founding. However, in contemporary times, diversity has become essential, especially diversity in a rapidly globalizing economy that is a central area of organizational behavior and management development, emphasizing the importance of Creating synergy through cultural intelligence. According to TalentLyft, diversity in the workplace can be defined that a company employs a wide range of diverse individuals, in other words, a diverse workforce includes people with different characteristics which will be includes people of varying gender, age, religion, race, ethnicity, cultural background, sexual orientation, religion, languages, education and abilities. On the other hand, the raise issue which every business should consider when pursue diversity such as high cost of diversity management, discrimination and communication issues. The purpose of this is to make sure organizations could pursue diversity despite some barriers it bring. Therefore, organization should definitely have diversity despite few difficulties it may bring.

To understand why diversity can not be in workplace for a long time even after the War, it can be see have some challenges when bring diversity to business and the thoughts being affected after the War that rejecting people which is different to them. First, the challenge when bring diversity in is the high cost of diversity management: In order to improve job satisfaction, management of diversity could be consider very expensive at times, when an organisation strives to effectively manage the diverse workforce then it have to undergoes a mandatory diversity training during which supervisors, employees, and managers receive lessons on the best way on how to interact with each other and their clients. Moreover, discrimination which can exist but hidden aspect of a lacking managed workplace. When a worker is being discriminated, it affects his ability to perform well and it also affect the perception of equity and raises issues of litigation then the communication issues, it can place an obstacle in the way of effective communication, which can cause a decrease in productivity and dampen the cohesiveness among workers, co-workers orientation periods and an individual´s first impressions can be difficult to control when culture clash and last but not least the incorporation issues: Social incorporation at the workplace cannot be affected to the maximum level. The appear exclusive social groups is often a natural process that cannot be managed sometimes which could explain that people have the Unconscious Bias and see thing through culture glass which make people reject or shy when approach the new and the different in diversity environment workplace. Therefore, companies usually experience some degree of informal divisions amongst their employees which creating conditions where different workers avoid interaction during entertainment times and when the work is done. Although this theory does not seem to be inherently incorrect, it may lessen the effectiveness of information sharing amongst teams and could lead to the decrease of productivity (Ruth Mayhew, 2013). Therefore, a in long tern in the past, some business don’t consider diversity as a important part for them.

However, times have changed, diversification in business is always in the top factors that make the company can thrive. One of the reasons may be listed below: 

  • High productivity levels

Rising efficiency in the workforce has been a big challenge for managers and executives, and for the business in general. Since each organisation has its own specific framework and priorities, various approaches may be used to challenge or approach the enterprise to improve profitability. One such approach includes adopting workplace diversity and managing that organisation effectively. As management focus on the wellfare of its employees by giving them suitable pay, health insurance and employee assessment, it will encourages the staff to feel like they belong to the company regardless of their cultural context and they will be more loyal and hard-working, which helps to improve the company’s profitability and income. 

  • The sharing of combinations of ideas and collaboration

In recent years, collaboration is rise promoted by companies and organisations as a way of achieving better performance on tasks as well as delivering goods and services. A single person performing multiple-tasks can not equal at the same speed as a team could; so each team member should brings various ideas to the table and provides a specific unique viewpoint form their own during problem solving to find the best solution in the shortest possible time. Likewise, learning and growth: workplace diversity creates an opportunity for personal growth. When workers are exposed to new cultures, ideas and viewpoints, it can help each person intellectually reach out and have a deeper insight into their position in the global world and their own surrounding. The more time spending with culturally diverse colleagues will gradually break down latent barriers and ethnocentrism, allowing employees to become more mature members in the society. 

  • Diverse experience

Staff and their colleagues from a diverse background carry some unique perspectives and expertise to the table during teamwork or group activities. Pooling the varied expertise and awareness of culturally distinct workers together will significantly support the organisation by improving team flexibility and efficiency to respond to changing circumstances. Every diverse culture has its own advantages and disadvantages, so in their personality, every diverse employee has unique strengths and weaknesses resulting from their community. When each worker’s unique characteristic that being properly and effectively handled in the company, it can exploit the strengths and complement its limitations to significantly influence the workforce. Therefore, in long term of now and in the future, business must take diversity as one of the important factors if they want their company to develop.

In conclusion, diversity is important to business and organizations should pursue it despite some disadvantages it may bring. Necessary point regard the positive diversity could benefit is high level of productivity, varieties of ideas and team work, learning and growth ,and diverse experience. Clearly, the benefit could gain from diversity is so necessary for almost every organizations. In the future, diversity will be more develop and when that almost all of business have diversity environment workplace so the one could not fit will be the one behind.            

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