An In-depth View of Political Institutions

About this sample

About this sample


Words: 787 |

Pages: 2|

4 min read

Published: Jun 20, 2019

Words: 787|Pages: 2|4 min read

Published: Jun 20, 2019

Political institutions throughout modern governance have played a fundamental role in the operation and management of our society and its affairs. Through changing times it is evident that institutions have remained at the core of human civilization and its development. Political institutions can be defined and synthesized as enduring governing arrangements guided by norms and rules that provide stability, resilience, consistency, scalability, and adaptability. Comparing and understanding the important individual roles each institution takes to maintain a society and govern it is vital. The judiciary (Courts), legislator (Parliament), police, military and the church are just some examples of political institutions. We at times undermine how truly important this intuition are and do not recognize the role and responsibilities they incur.

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This essay will give an in-depth view of political institutions elaborating on its purposes including why they are important in addition will argue the point of why we should compare them to conclude.

Political institutions are essential in our society as they contribute towards our daily lives giving a sense of security and direction. There are numerous definitions of political institutions as political intuitions are broad and cover a number of organizations, but what makes an institution truly political is the fact that its main component has to influence the distribution of power ( Hague, R., & Harrop, M,2010). Intuitions have shifted from just being judiciary and legislator to organizations that have rules and norms also this is what makes institutions complex. Outlining the importance of political institutions democracy works well when these institutions perform functions assigned to them, the Constitution of any country lays down basic rules on the powers and functions of each institution. Decision makers in our society as the Prime Minister and the Cabinet are institutions also making important policy decisions that directly impact the society. In contrast to policy decisions, we need the political institutions for the following purposes to ensure security to the citizens and to provide facilities and education importantly to settle the disputes determining what is wrong or right.

Another major factor is tax collection and maintaining administration are also fundamental to a successful society, in addition, defense and development programmes leading to formulating and implementing certain development schemes that benefit the society as a whole power ( Hague, R., & Harrop, M,2016). The institutions as outlined are crucial in every day of our society without it there is simply no order. How a political institution is managed by a certain individual is also a driving force towards how beneficial it can be to society as corruption and mismanagement are some main challenges, one main argument to be a downside to the political institution. It can be used for personal gain and thus leading to a corrupt society, one that is incapable of managing itself. This leads to the argument of the creation of institutions and a broader concept of individualism or liberalist society where government control is minimal, however, it is still impossible for democracy to prevail without institutions. Thus comparing them to better them instead of abolishing them should be considered. In the argument to whether political institutions should be compared or not we must always take into account that in order to create new ideas we must compare and that one institution alone cannot bring benefit to whole of society, therefore, all must be taken into account as society is complex and different components work together to keep it moving (Pennings, P., Kleman H., & Kleinnijenhuis, J. 2005).

Comparing political institutions gives us an insight into the similarities and differences of an institution in doing so creates alternatives or ideas to better it as no single political institutions can be correct in benefiting everyone in society. In addition comprehending the mechanics of political power and understanding, it is also why comparing political institutions is undoubtedly fundamentally crucial (Pennings, P., Kleman H., & Kleinnijenhuis, J. 2005). Each institution has their strengths and weakness comparing sees which is better at doing which so it will be completed efficiently. By comparing, valuable ideas and better understanding are created leading to a more robust society that changes with time rather than being left behind (Peters, B. G., & Pierre, J. 1998).

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In conclusion of this essay, political institutions are set rules and norms that continue to govern our society and will continue to into the future, they are important because they give a structure to society that is founded on the interest of all and not for self-interest or individualism. In addition comparing gives us ways to better our society leading into the future thus it is of most importance to compare as a comparison is better than no comparison at all, power is uncontrollable however through political institutions it is used to benefit us.

Works Cited

  1. Hague, R., & Harrop, M. (2010). Comparative Government and Politics: An Introduction. Palgrave Macmillan.
  2. Pennings, P., Kleman, H., & Kleinnijenhuis, J. (2005). Political Data Handbook: OECD Countries. Oxford University Press.
  3. Peters, B. G., & Pierre, J. (1998). Governance without Government: Rethinking Public Administration. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 8(2), 223-243.
  4. Ostrom, E. (2005). Understanding Institutional Diversity. Princeton University Press.
  5. Sartori, G. (2005). Comparative Constitutional Engineering: An Inquiry into Structures, Incentives, and Outcomes. Palgrave Macmillan.
  6. Tsebelis, G. (2002). Veto Players: How Political Institutions Work. Princeton University Press.
  7. Cox, G. W., & McCubbins, M. D. (2005). Setting the Agenda: Responsible Party Government in the U.S. House of Representatives. Cambridge University Press.
  8. Hall, P. A., & Taylor, R. C. (1996). Political Science and the Three New Institutionalisms. Political Studies, 44(5), 936-957.
  9. North, D. C. (1991). Institutions. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 5(1), 97-112.
  10. March, J. G., & Olsen, J. P. (2004). The Logic of Appropriateness. Are Institutions the Answer? In J. G. March (Ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Political Science (pp. 649-670). Oxford University Press.
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