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India is presently ranked fourth in the worldwide wind energy installation list, with an estimated capability of approximately 1271 MW installed on 28 February 2001, a figure behind Germany, Denmark and the US. The Worldwatch Institute in Washington acknowledges India as a ‘wind superpower.’ The conversion of the Non-Conventional Energy Sources Department into the Ministry of Non-Conventional Energy Sources in 1992 started a true wind energy boom in the early 1990s. India is likely the only nation in the globe to have a full ministry devoted to renewable energy production. In latest years, wind power generation capacity in India has risen considerably. The total installed wind power capacity as of 31 March 2019 was 36,625 GW, the world’s fourth largest installed wind power capacity. Wind power is primarily distributed throughout the southern, western, northern and eastern areas. The cost of wind power in India is falling quickly. The level tariff of wind power achieved a record low of approximately 2.43 (3.5 US) per kWh (without any direct or indirect subsidies) during the December 2017 wind project auctions. In December 2017, the union government announced the relevant rules for tariff-based wind power auctions in order to bring clarity to developers and minimize the danger.
Wind energy accounts for almost 10% of India’s total installed energy generation capability and produced 62,03 TWh in fiscal 2018-19, almost 4% of total energy generation. The capacity utilization factor in fiscal year 2018-19 is approximately 19.33% (16% in 2017-18, 19.62% in 2016-17 and 14% in 2015-16). Over the five months from May to September, 70 percent of the annual wind generation coincides with the length of the Southwest Monsoon. In India, solar power complements wind power, as it is produced mostly in daytime during the non-monsoon era. It is possible to separate current wind technology into three kinds. First, there are wind pumps that primarily use mechanical wind energy for water pumping purposes (used for drinking and irrigation). Then there are wind power generators (WEGS’s), linked to turbines, used for electricity generation, to be distributed on electricity grids and intended for rural and/or urban use. Finally, there are wind-electric battery chargers that generate and store electricity in batteries.
For understanding real case technology transfer failure, we have chosen 2 companies – Suzlon and Senvion. Suzlon Group is one of the world’s leading providers of renewable energy alternatives, revolutionizing and redefining how sustainable energy sources are being harnessed worldwide. Present in 18 nations across Asia, Australia, Europe, Africa, and the Americas, Suzlon will be driving a greener tomorrow with powerful renewable energy systems skills. Suzlon’s comprehensive range of robust and reliable products, supported by state-of – the-art R&D and more than two decades of knowledge, are intended to guarantee clients optimum output, greater returns and maximum investment returns.
Sustainable development is the creed that underpins the tailor-made projects of Suzlon to safeguard the environment, reinforce communities and drive accountable growth. Suzlon has its headquarters in One Earth–Pune, which is a certified Platinum LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environment Design) and GRIHA 5-star campus and is also one of the world’s greenest corporate campuses. Senvion is a major global developer and producer of onshore and offshore wind turbine generators operating globally in twenty nations with a cumulative installed capacity of roughly 17 gigawatts (GW). In its key markets of Germany, the United Kingdom, France, Australia and Canada, Senvion has a powerful competitive position and is headquartered in Hamburg, Germany. Furthermore, Senvion has a clear focus on entering fresh markets and realizing market potential. Senvion was established in 2000 as a merger of engineering firms (Jacobs Energy, BWU, pro+pro) under the name of REpower Systems AG. Meanwhile, the business has grown steadily and has become a corporation of approx. ~2bn€. Four thousand workers. Senvion produces about 90% of its income from onshore and offshore WTG sales. The remaining 10% are based on service agreements for Operations and Maintenance (O&M).
India’s government has announced a praiseworthy 175 GW renewable energy target by 2022, 60 GW of which will come from wind energy. Their commitment to the nation is growing as India’s wind industry matures. They have chosen to identify India as our core market and vision is to be committed to this very appealing market in the long term. By opening its biggest R&D facility in Bangalore outside Germany, Senvion decided not only to develop in India but also to tap the country’s intellectual power. In 2016, Senvion decided to invest in India by buying and growing from Kenersys ‘ assets. Senvion will conduct project development research and provide complete turnkey alternatives in India along with its recent turbines providing consistent year-over-year reduction of LCoE and thus satisfy the company situations of our clients. For 10 years and beyond as necessary, Senvion shall undertake complete and thorough O&M accountability. Suzlon borrowed strongly from banks to obtain complete control of Germany’s REpower Systems AG, a technology leader and manufacturer of the biggest offshore wind turbines. Between 2007 and 2011, the firm, later renamed Senvion, was purchased through a sequence of $1.4 billion tranches. Tanti, who was appointed president of his board in June 2007, had wrested the business after a five-month takeover fight with Areva, the state-owned French nuclear giant.
Suzlon was also forced to restructure $1.8 billion in debt after defaulting on a $200 million redemption of convertible bonds in 2012. As a consequence, its liquidity was cut and the extra burden of the worldwide slowdown in turbine sales led to the sale of Senvion to New York’s Centerbridge Partners in April 2015 for a cash account of 1 billion and prospective earnings of up to 50 million.
In India, wind energy can be said to be as much a failure as a success to a big extent. There are many more issues facing technology application than there have been successes. We will now look at some of the reasons for the mistakes in a scrutinizing manner.
There are also a few obstacles to overcoming government policy.
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