Antigone Vs. Creon: Clash of Values and Consequences

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About this sample

About this sample


Words: 688 |

Pages: 2|

4 min read

Published: Sep 16, 2023

Words: 688|Pages: 2|4 min read

Published: Sep 16, 2023

Table of contents

  1. The Character of Antigone
  2. The Character of Creon
  3. The Conflict and Consequences
  4. Themes and Lessons
  5. Conclusion

The ancient Greek tragedy "Antigone" by Sophocles revolves around a profound conflict between two central characters, Antigone and Creon. This timeless play explores the clash of values, ethics, and power, ultimately revealing the consequences of their opposing beliefs and actions. The characters of Antigone and Creon serve as powerful symbols of individual conscience versus the authority of the state, raising questions about the nature of justice, duty, and the human condition.

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The Character of Antigone

Antigone is portrayed as a fiercely independent and principled character who values familial duty and the divine laws above all else. Her actions are driven by her unwavering commitment to burying her brother Polynices, who has been declared a traitor by the state of Thebes. In her view, the laws of the gods, including the duty to bury the dead, take precedence over any man-made laws or decrees. Antigone represents the individual's moral duty to uphold higher principles, even at great personal cost.

Throughout the play, Antigone exhibits traits of courage, determination, and unwavering loyalty to her beliefs. She is willing to defy the king's edict and face severe punishment, including death, to honor her brother's memory and fulfill her moral obligations. Her character embodies the concept of civil disobedience, asserting that there are limits to the authority of the state when it conflicts with one's conscience.

The Character of Creon

Creon, the newly crowned king of Thebes, represents the authority of the state and the rule of law. He believes in maintaining order and stability in the city, particularly in the aftermath of a brutal civil war. Creon views obedience to the law and the ruler's decrees as paramount to preserving the social order and preventing chaos.

Throughout the play, Creon is depicted as a stern and unyielding leader who is unwilling to compromise on matters of state. He views Antigone's actions as a direct challenge to his authority and an affront to the rule of law. Creon represents the argument that individual conscience must be subordinate to the laws established by the state for the sake of social cohesion and governance.

The Conflict and Consequences

The central conflict in "Antigone" arises when Antigone defies Creon's edict and buries her brother, Polynices. This act of civil disobedience sets the stage for a tragic showdown between individual conscience and the authority of the state. As the play unfolds, the clash of values between Antigone and Creon intensifies, leading to a series of tragic events and consequences for both characters.

Creon's unwavering commitment to enforcing the law results in a series of tragic deaths within his own family, including the suicide of his son Haemon, who was engaged to Antigone. These deaths serve as a stark reminder of the consequences of prioritizing the authority of the state over individual moral principles.

Antigone, on the other hand, pays the ultimate price for her defiance as she is sentenced to be entombed alive. Despite her tragic fate, Antigone's actions and unwavering commitment to her values leave a lasting impression on the audience, highlighting the power of individual conscience and moral duty.

Themes and Lessons

"Antigone" explores several enduring themes, including the conflict between individual and state, the nature of justice, and the consequences of rigid adherence to authority. The play challenges the audience to contemplate the complexities of ethical decision-making and the role of conscience in the face of oppressive laws.

Ultimately, "Antigone" serves as a cautionary tale about the dangers of unchecked authority and the importance of moral courage. It prompts viewers to consider the delicate balance between individual ethics and the demands of the state, raising questions about where one's allegiance should lie when these two forces collide.

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The conflict between Antigone and Creon in Sophocles' "Antigone" continues to resonate with audiences because it taps into timeless questions about the individual's duty to conscience versus their duty to the state. The play forces us to grapple with the consequences of our choices and the ethical complexities of living in a society governed by laws and authority. Antigone's unwavering commitment to her values and Creon's inflexible adherence to state authority serve as cautionary examples, reminding us of the enduring struggle between individual conscience and the power of the state.

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This essay was reviewed by
Dr. Charlotte Jacobson

Cite this Essay

Antigone vs. Creon: Clash of Values and Consequences. (2023, September 16). GradesFixer. Retrieved November 29, 2023, from
“Antigone vs. Creon: Clash of Values and Consequences.” GradesFixer, 16 Sept. 2023,
Antigone vs. Creon: Clash of Values and Consequences. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 29 Nov. 2023].
Antigone vs. Creon: Clash of Values and Consequences [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2023 Sept 16 [cited 2023 Nov 29]. Available from:
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