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Assessing Students with Disabilities

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During this project I will look at the different assessments administered in various counties and states. I will closely look at the way students with disabilities are assessed and if there could be added technologies to help them succeed. Also, I will research what things are already put in place to make sure assessments are on their level of comprehension and what has been their rates of success throughout the years since not all disabilities are not cognitive. I will also research multiple disabilities to determine if assessments can even measure their progress and what other measures could administrators take to make sure they are included within the state’s standards of testing. I do firmly believe that all disabilities should be included in testing of a school and seeing if they are following state, because all students are teachable.

Assessments and policies

I currently reside in Statesboro, Georgia in the district of Bulloch County where I have employment as a paraprofessional for a self-contained Emotional Behavior Disorder classroom. Currently in this district students are assessed by administering the Georgia Milestone Assessment System (GMAS), this assessment is started during a student’s third grade until eighth grade. All public-school students in grades three through eight will take the English/Language Arts and Mathematics tests for their evaluation level. For grades five and eight, students in Georgia will likewise step through exams in the regions of Science and Social Studies. The administering of such tests are now mainly online. Once students transition to high school, they are required to participate in assessments entitled End of Course tests (EOC).

Georgia has built up a particular arrangement of scholarly expectations or desires at each evaluation level for all understudies. The outcomes give educators significant data about every student in their class scholarly accomplishment and progress and helps them in planning an instructive program for their students. Students are not contrasted with one another yet are estimated on how well they are fulfilling scholastic guidelines. Comprehension accomplishment in each substance zone will be ordered into four execution levels: Beginning Learner, Developing Learner, Proficient Learner, or Distinguished Learner. A students’ exhibition on the EOGs will likewise help with deciding advancement to the following evaluation level for all students. Public school students in grades three, five and eight that don’t meet the necessary execution rules will be given remediation and a chance to retest. Government and state laws require government funded schools to every year evaluate all enlisted understudies. In Georgia, the State Board of Education has established that the Georgia Milestones Assessment System will satisfy this command; along these lines, Bulloch County Schools is required to offer all public-school students the chance to take part in state evaluations. There are accommodations taken into account for students with disabilities who require them. Neither an Individualized Education Program (IEP) group nor a parent can demand that a student to be excluded from the appraisal.

Assessments for students with disabilities

Georgia requires all students to participate in statewide assessment programs. For any grade where all students are assessed, students with disabilities must participate in the regular assessment or the Georgia Alternate Assessment (GAA). In Georgia, three categories of public-school students that are qualified for facilities – understudies with an Individualized Education Program (IEP), understudies with an Individual Accommodation Plan (IAP), otherwise called a Section 504 arrangement, and English Language Learners with a Test Interest Plan (ELL/TPC). This manual tends to the utilization of test lodging for understudies with handicaps, understudies with an IEP or IAP. While doing research I found it very interesting that are requirements to the accommodations for students to use them which are : Accommodations should enable students to participate more fully in instruction and assessments and to better demonstrate their knowledge and skills, accommodations must be based upon individual student needs and not upon a category of disability, level of instruction, time spent in general classroom, or program setting, accommodations must be justified and documented in the student’s IEP or IAP, accommodations must be aligned with and be a part of daily instruction; accommodations must not be introduced for the first time during the testing of a student, accommodations should foster and facilitate independence for students, not dependence.

Students with disabilities and no child left behind

Several important laws require the participation of students with disabilities in standards-based instruction and assessment initiatives. These include federal laws such as No Child Left Behind 2001 (NCLB) and the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004 (IDEA). Georgia law also requires the participation of students with disabilities in the assessment process. The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB) incorporates advantages to children who have learning inabilities (LD), just as certain boundaries that may keep these equivalent students from getting a charge out of the majority of the open doors in the law. Under NCLB, appropriate accommodations are characterized as changes in testing materials or methods that guarantee that an evaluation estimates the current child’s information as opposed to the child’s handicap. IEP groups may not absolve children from partaking in a state’s appraisal framework. The IEP or 504 group decides how a child will take an interest, not whether a child will take part. Besides, out-of-level testing isn’t permitted under NCLB. Children, incorporating children with inabilities, must be surveyed at the child’s relegated evaluation level. These arrangements will guarantee that all children are incorporated and that practices, for example, out-of-level testing start to vanish. The necessity of evaluation level testing will upgrade access and introduction to the general educational plan for children with learning handicaps, giving chances to quickened learning for the individuals who beforehand have been exposed to watered-down educational programs and restricted desires.

Specific needs of the students

Students needs are shortages in explicit abilities that obstruct scholastic, physical, conduct, and self-improvement exercises in everyday living or social accomplishment. Student needs are dictated by educators or potentially different experts (at times through proper evaluations) and in conference with guardians/gatekeepers. Understudy needs can be adequately tended to through fitting educating systems. While each understudy has one of a kind adapting needs, you will discover in this segment a gathering of viable showing methodologies for an assortment of basic regions of need, including some regular instructional, ecological and evaluation techniques to go about as a beginning stage for supporting the individual needs of understudies. You can likewise discover extra data and assets for every territory of need. An Individual Education Plan (IEP) doesn’t need to be set up to decide student need nor to incorporate showing procedures, insofar as educational plan desires are not adjusted essentially. Keep up a sorted out homeroom and cutoff interruptions. For students with uncommon needs, keeping up a sound equalization of structure and unstructured procedures is significant. For instance, on every child’s work area, have a spot for everything that is obviously named (use words or hues, for example). Additionally, consider utilizing agendas and help children keep their note pads sorted out; show them how to do as such without anyone else, yet in addition check toward the finish of every day and offer recommendations for keeping it increasingly composed. On the unstructured side of things, enable children with unique needs to change their work zone while finishing schoolwork or contemplating and allot assignments that include moving around the room. For children with unique needs and learning handicaps, hearing guidelines or following headings can be made troublesome if there are such a large number of interruptions. Calendar breaks for the duration of the day and seat understudies with unique needs in a region of the study hall that points of confinement interruptions; for instance, don’t sit these kids by a window, before an open entryway, or by the climate control system, as individuals strolling by or extra clamors may be too diverting.


What would it mean if the suggestions in your paper were taken and used? All the points above discussed the advantages of disadvantages students with disabilities can endure during assessments and what policies are used for their accommodations. With the information provided I would like to shed light on how assessments are still expected from students with disabilities even if their parents want to opt-out of testing because in Georgia opting-out is not a choice. I would like to change how students are mandated to take state tests, I would rather their parents choose if they want their child to participate in being part of the school’s “achievement”. The goal of this paper was to break down the policies and accommodation granted to students with disabilities. If may paper was used to help students with disabilities be looked at as more than a number or statistic in assessments, I would have accomplished my goal of those population of students having the most of their education fulfilled.


  1. Cox, K. (2019, October 20). Accommodations Manual: A Guide to Selecting, Administering, and Evaluating the Use of Test Administration Accommodations for Students with Disabilities . Atlanta, Georgia, United States.
  2. Staff, G. (2019, October 20). No Child Left Behind and Students With Learning Disabilities: Opportunities and Obstacles. Retrieved from
  3. Testing & Test Scores. (2019, October 20). Retrieved from Bulloch County Schools:

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Assessing Students with Disabilities. (2022, May 24). GradesFixer. Retrieved June 27, 2022, from
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