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February 2, 1905
March 6, 1982
February 2, 1905 – March 6, 1982
Ayn Rand was a Russian-born American author and philosopher. Rand authored two best-selling novels, The Fountainhead (1943) and Atlas Shrugged (1957). Her novels were especially influential among conservatives and libertarians from the mid-20th century.
“Atlas Shrugged”, “Capitalism: The Unknown Ideal”, “Ideal”, “The Fountainhead”, “The Virtue of Selfishness”, “We, the Living”
All Rand's books revolve around her own philosophy termed as "Objectivism", which she described as "the concept of man as a heroic being, with his own happiness as the moral purpose of his life, with productive achievement as his noblest activity, and reason as his only absolute".
Rand described her approach to literature as "romantic realism". She wanted her fiction to present the world "as it could be and should be", rather than as it was. This approach led her to create highly stylized situations and characters. Her fiction typically has protagonists who are heroic individualists, depicted as fit and attractive. Her villains support duty and collectivist moral ideals. Rand often describes them as unattractive. Romantic triangles are a common plot element in Rand's fiction.
Ayn Rand's remains a polarizing figure — but there is no question that her works are enormously influential. In the 1990s and 2000s her works undoubtedly contributed to the increased popularity of libertarianism in the United States, and from 2009 she was an iconic figure in the antigovernment Tea Party movement. It is for these specifically political influences, rather than for her contributions to literature or philosophy, that she is likely to be remembered by future generations.
“If you don't know, the thing to do is not to get scared, but to learn.”
“Learn to value yourself, which means: fight for your happiness.”
“Freedom (n.): To ask nothing. To expect nothing. To depend on nothing.”