This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by professional essay writers.

Cause and Treatment of Complex Post-traumatic Stress Disorder

downloadDownload printPrint

Pssst… we can write an original essay just for you.

Any subject. Any type of essay.

We’ll even meet a 3-hour deadline.

Get your price

121 writers online

Download PDF

What Is Complex Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder? Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), as its name suggests, is an anxiety disorder that can occur secondary to a stressful or traumatic event like a vehicle accident or natural disasters. However, in recent years, a closely related condition called CPTSD (complex post-traumatic stress disorder) is emerging as a new anxiety disorder which is now widely recognized and diagnosed by doctors worldwide. This disorder is called “complex,” because it involves repeated trauma over months or years, compared to a single traumatic event that causes simple PTSD. What Are The Symptoms? Along with typical PTSD symptoms, people suffering from CPTSD usually have additional symptoms that are specific to CPTSD. One should keep in mind that the signs and symptoms of both PTSD and CPTSD can vary within one person over time or from one person to another.

The signs and symptoms of CPTSD include; Changes in consciousness

This symptom is also called “dissociation”. It involves feeling detached from your body or emotions and forgetting the traumatic event. Lack of emotional regulationA CPTSD patient finds it very difficult to control his/her emotions. He or she may have ongoing sadness or explosive anger. Difficulty with relationshipsA patient may have a feeling of not knowing his people, how to interact with them, and finds himself avoiding his close relationships with other people out of mistrust. Alternatively, some patients might seek relationships with strangers or those who tend to harm them. Negative self-perceptionA patient is surrounded by a strong negative self-perception. He may feel guilt and shame and consider himself completely different from other people. Loss of systems of meaningsIt simply refers to one’s beliefs about the world or religion. A CPSTD patient may lose his faith in strong beliefs related to his religion or may develop a strong sense of hopelessness regarding his surroundings and world.

What Causes CPTSD?

There is still a lot of research work going on to figure out exactly how CPTSD develops. However, several animal studies suggest that any kind of long-term or repeated trauma, over several months or years, can lead to CPTSD. This repeated trauma could be physical, mental or emotional. Examples include;

  • Ongoing physical, emotional, or sexual abuse by a friend or relative.
  • Constant abusing behavior by a protector or caregiver.
  • Ongoing childhood neglect
  • Being a prisoner of war
  • Homeless people and long-term drug abusersHow Is It Treated? CPSTD in advanced stages is difficult to manage. However, there are several medical as well as psychological treatment options that can manage the symptoms and help patient led a normal life. PsychotherapyCBT or cognitive behavioral therapy is by far the most effective treatment option for CPSTD patients. It involves talking therapy with a psychiatrist either alone or in a group. CBT helps a patient identifies his negative thought pattern and behavior and provides him tools to overcome them.
  • Some patients are also offered dialectical behavioral therapy, a type of CBT that helps them bear the stress, better respond to it and build stronger relationships with others. MedicationsAntidepressants, combined with another form of treatment like EMDR (Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing) or CBT tend to work best for most CPTSD patients. Medications commonly used include;
  • Fluoxetine (Prozac)
  • Sertraline (Zoloft)
  • Paroxetine (Paxil) While some patients may need these medications for long-term, other may taper them off meanwhile learning new coping strategies.

infoRemember: This is just a sample from a fellow student.

Your time is important. Let us write you an essay from scratch

100% plagiarism-free

Sources and citations are provided

Find Free Essays

We provide you with original essay samples, perfect formatting and styling

Cite this Essay

To export a reference to this article please select a referencing style below:

Cause and Treatment of Complex Post-traumatic Stress Disorder. (2020, April 12). GradesFixer. Retrieved September 24, 2021, from
“Cause and Treatment of Complex Post-traumatic Stress Disorder.” GradesFixer, 12 Apr. 2020,
Cause and Treatment of Complex Post-traumatic Stress Disorder. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 24 Sept. 2021].
Cause and Treatment of Complex Post-traumatic Stress Disorder [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2020 Apr 12 [cited 2021 Sept 24]. Available from:
copy to clipboard

Sorry, copying is not allowed on our website. If you’d like this or any other sample, we’ll happily email it to you.

    By clicking “Send”, you agree to our Terms of service and Privacy statement. We will occasionally send you account related emails.


    Attention! This essay is not unique. You can get a 100% Plagiarism-FREE one in 30 sec

    Receive a 100% plagiarism-free essay on your email just for $4.99
    get unique paper
    *Public papers are open and may contain not unique content
    download public sample

    Sorry, we could not paraphrase this essay. Our professional writers can rewrite it and get you a unique paper.



    Your essay sample has been sent.

    Want us to write one just for you? We can custom edit this essay into an original, 100% plagiarism free essay.

    thanks-icon Order now

    Hi there!

    Are you interested in getting a customized paper?

    Check it out!
    Having trouble finding the perfect essay? We’ve got you covered. Hire a writer

    Haven't found the right essay?

    Get an expert to write you the one you need!


    Professional writers and researchers


    Sources and citation are provided


    3 hour delivery