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Climate change and its Impact in Bangladesh

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Introduction

We know that Bangladesh is highly in danger to the disasters of nature. It’s true that since our country have low land, huge amount of population problem, mostly the poverty etc. In the other hand our economic condition in our country is very typical in other danger country to natural disaster in the world. Our country area is 147,570 sq. Almost 80% lands are in Floodplains exception of the north-western highlands. During the rainy season it’s 80% land are flooding generally. During this period this one impact our climate change with high temperature, rise sea level, Heavy Monsoon Downpours etc. The economy develop of our country are to a great extent. In 2011 Bangladesh has around 150 million with a life probability in around 63 years, in the other our adult literacy rate about 47.5%. In the recent report of the development ranks in Bangladesh is 140 of 177 nations. Bangladesh has huge amount of people in rural areas and a population density of 954.4 per square kilometer. There are 3 out of 2 people are depends on agricultural farming or industrial activity. The natural climate of Bangladesh differentiate wit high temperatures, stormy rainfall, especially marked three season like hot summer, in winter Medium to heavy rains during the Rainy season. In the present time our life is more complicated for climate during rainy season.

Climate Impact

There are different types of Natural Disaster in every year from Global Warming these are:

Flood/flash Floods: In our country almost 80% area is prone to flooding

Cyclones and Storm Surges

In the last few years our South and South-eastern Parts of the country were hit by sometimes during the climate impact in Bangladesh.

Salinity Intrusion

In whole country there is a Salinity problem wisely

Extreme Temperature and Drought

In our country there are a specific part are in highly Extreme Temperature this are North and

North-western part are suffering for this situation

Agriculture and Fishers

We already know our country mainly depends on agriculture. People are directly or indirectly connected with two things those are Agriculture activities and other types of industries. The country move towards in Industrialization slowly during the last ten years. Our climate is already lead by an extreme temperature then our agriculture are faces many kind of problem. Extreme Temperature and Rainfall affected our grow crops and do not much profit our farmers. Its impact our economy.

On the other hand, our country mainly known as a ‘The Bengalis to feed the fish’. The fisheries sector is affected of the climate change. 3.5% GDP people in our country are depends on fish product. Fish can give protein and other types of healthy activities. In that case Marine fish is also useful for our health. There are also specific salt in Marine fish.

Water Resources and Hydrology

There are a specific water resources in our country, we already know that Kaptai hydroelectric power station. It’s turns around the turbine and generate electricity. It’s depends on water surface. On the other hand Hydrology will have significant impact in our country’s economy development. People surface water for protection of industry, fishery etc. For develop our economy and other activities.

Coastal Areas

In our country mostly total one fourth people are live in coastal areas. They are directly interfaces some Coastal Flood, Storm, Salinity, Cyclones etc. About 15% land got lost our country. There are 30 million people in separately living in coastal areas and many educational sector like as School, College, Madrasa and other different economic sector like as Bank, Industry, Shop and Medical sector drown. Their other resources Livelihood, conscious of health already in 100 kilometers inside the area during the climate is change. Mostly other countries sea level less than 10 and 10% people live in sea side but our country’s people live in less than 1 kilometer. It’s really fact that our countries people not stay permanently because the sea level rise up more than 1 kilometers.

Bangladesh has 156 million people and the area of Bangladesh are too small which is impact our economic system and the area is 144,000 sq.km include almost 10,099 sq.km of water, the total land of our country is very few it’s about 133,910 sq.km. Bangladesh economic development are not very good it’s very slowly. Three major rivers in our country Padma, Meghna, Jamuna. This three rivers are overloaded every year because the main reason in our country’s climate. There are about 150 rivers cross in our country and when the rainy season has come the rivers are over flooded and people are at risk this time. Meteorological Department said if rainfall 2 or 3 days till then the major 3 rivers are overflowed and after at risk for a week.

Flooding is a common in Bangladesh’s history. Major flood recorded in four major years and its impact our country very harmfully. In 1987, 1988, 1998 and recently in 2007. Our government calculates about 298 people died and 10,211,780 people were affected badly. In 2004, around 30 million people were affected in flood and more over 40% people in Dhaka were in under water for this reason.

Some Causes of Flooding in Bangladesh

Forestry/Biodiversity

Bangladesh has a wide diversity and longest Mangrove forests in the south part in part in our country. The ‘Sundarban’ is the longest Mangrove forest in the world heritage. Its famous for many different types of things. The most like eyes Royal Bengal Tiger. There the climate change Sundarban forests impact this and faces this problem.

Urban areas

Cities and towns in the urban area at the Front line of climate change and directly damage sea level rise and storm Surges at any time. Direct impacts in the other side river, drainage system increased in flood. The important urban Towns, Industrial Trade, Commerce and Utility etc. the important urban sectors it hampered during the major floods. It’s true that about 40 percent urban population lives in slum and they are highly risk during the flooding.

Vulnerable groups

In our country women are also a vulnerable because the main thing is Gender inequalities in socio-economic and political institutions. In 1991 Cyclone in Bangladesh, the death of people were five times than the men because men were able to communicate one people to other people but the women did not much information timely.

Future Projection of Climate Change Impact in Bangladesh

1. Crop production and food security

Rainfall pattern change then the climate changed. In 2021 the crops are drop significantly. Crops will grow lower than 30% and production of rice and wheat will reduce 8.8% and 32% normally.

2. Salinity

There are specifically three areas are salinity at Bagerhat, Khulna and Satkhira the southern district of Bangladesh. It’s about 13% area of Bangladesh which is increase 16% in 2050 and 18% in 2100.

3. Coral Bleaching

If the sea level temperatures in our country increases 1-3 degree C then the corals bleaching will fall out often

4. Mangrove Forest

In our country the Mangrove forest Sundarban will dip if the sea level will up 45 cm. If the sea level 1 meter the whole Sundarban will destroy one day.

5. Climate refugee and migration

In every year people lose their home and they homeless in this situation. In this problem they have no way to live with unhygienic condition

6. Health

  • More flood are turn into a disease called cholera, diarrhea etc.
  • More sunshine food production are remit.
  • More salinity in water people will affect human health

7. Sea Level Rise

If sea level rise

  • Low land area maybe completely out of water
  • It will added salinity
  • Present agriculture method will be change

So we protect our environment and also protect our nice world and the safe home our future generation. Climate change is not an individual for any country or nation. It’s our common issue to elaborately face the problem. So we should protect our climate.

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GradesFixer. (2019, May, 14) Climate change and its Impact in Bangladesh. Retrived November 18, 2019, from https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/climate-change-and-its-impact-in-bangladesh/
"Climate change and its Impact in Bangladesh." GradesFixer, 14 May. 2019, https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/climate-change-and-its-impact-in-bangladesh/. Accessed 18 November 2019.
GradesFixer. 2019. Climate change and its Impact in Bangladesh., viewed 18 November 2019, <https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/climate-change-and-its-impact-in-bangladesh/>
GradesFixer. Climate change and its Impact in Bangladesh. [Internet]. May 2019. [Accessed November 18, 2019]. Available from: https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/climate-change-and-its-impact-in-bangladesh/
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