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Water pollution is defined as the presence in groundwater of toxic chemicals that exceed what is naturally found in the water and may pose a threat to human health and the environment. Additionally, water pollution may consist of chemicals introduced into the water bodies as a result of various human activities. Any amount of those chemicals pollutes the water, regardless of the harm they may pose to human health and the environment. Any kind of water can become polluted, regardless of its size or location. Water pollution is generally of 3 types i.e. chemical, radiological and biological. Water pollution is an adverse problem that causes many problems, like it affects humans, greenhouse effect, and animals as well. Major countries causing this problem are China, USA, India, Japan and Germany.
Water is at core of sustainable development and is critical for socio economic development, so Australia is taking major part in reducing water pollution problem in every way. Australia is taking strong and effective action on climate change to achieve international commitments. The Government is developing a direct-action plan, including A$2.25 billion emission reduction fund to meet 2020 target. Australia is also playing major role in UNFCCC, Paris agreement for the reduction of greenhouse effect. For the reduction of water pollution Australia is protecting the Great Barrier Reef which is a maze of 3000 coral reefs and 1050 islands, the Great Barrier Reef covers an area the size of Italy and stretches 2300 km along Australia’s north-east coast. Australia is also working on the recycling of bottles since it is one of the most plastic, can bottle consuming country. Australia is also working on the cleanliness of beaches, easing the load of sewage system, and reduction of storm water pollution. Considering these advancements, the Australian government’s commitment to the cause is undeniable.
With all the programs and the initiatives taken by the Australian government to counter water pollution, the government of Australia is confident and determined to solve the issue by international cooperation. With an ideology to have positive results and hope to make the global community a better place to live that is free from water pollution which is becoming one of the major issues of this modern developed world
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