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Convention on The Rights of The Child

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Words: 421 |

Page: 1|

3 min read

Published: Jan 4, 2019

Words: 421|Page: 1|3 min read

Published: Jan 4, 2019

Adopted and opened for signature, ratification and accession by General Assembly resolution 44/25 of 20 November 1989 entry into force 2 September 1990, in accordance with article 49.

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The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) was developed in 1989 and is the first legally binding international instrument to incorporate the full range of human rights for children —civil, cultural, economic, political and social. It is a recognition by world leaders that children have human rights and people under 18 years old often need special care and protection that adults do not. By agreeing to undertake the obligations of the Convention governments across the world have committed themselves to protecting and ensuring children’s rights and to hold themselves accountable for this commitment before the international community. States parties to the Convention are obliged to develop and undertake all actions and policies in the light of the best interests of the child. The Convention sets out these rights in 54 articles and two Optional Protocols. It spells out the basic human rights that children everywhere have: the right to survival; to develop to the fullest; to protection from harmful influences, abuse and exploitation; and to participate fully in family, cultural and social life

The four core principles of the Convention are non-discrimination; devotion to the best interests of the child; the right to life, survival and development; and respect for the views of the child. The Convention protects children’s rights by setting standards in health care, education, legal, civil and social services.

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The UN requires that Governments report every five years on the progress made on children’s rights in their country (that is, on implementation of the Convention). The Committee makes “Concluding Observations” (recommendations) to Governments in response to these reports. General Comments are referred to frequently in these Concluding Observations. General Comments can be used by national and local Government to guide implementation, and by non-governmental organizations and individuals to advocate for children’s rights. There are currently 13 General Comments relating to children’s rights. These are:

  1. The aims of education
  2. The role of independent human rights institutions
  3. HIV/AIDS and the rights of the child
  4. Adolescent Health
  5. General measures of implementation
  6. Treatment of unaccompanied and separated children outside their country of origin
  7. Implementing child rights in early childhood
  8. The right of the child to protection from corporal punishment and other cruel or degrading forms of punishment
  9. The rights of children with disabilities
  10. Children’s rights in juvenile justice
  11. Indigenous children and their rights under the UNCRC
  12. The right of the child to be heard
  13. The right of the child to freedom from all forms of violence.

Works Cited:

  1. Abraham, T. (2020). The American Dream: Dead, Alive, or on Hold? The Journal of Social, Political, and Economic Studies, 45(4), 102-117. https://www.questia.com/library/journal/1P4-2415500693/the-american-dream-dead-alive-or-on-hold
  2. Balko, R. (2019). The War on Drugs and the American Dream. In L. Rosenbaum (Ed.), Economic Liberties and the Judiciary (pp. 189-197). Springer.
  3. Daniels, A. (2018). The American Dream: Is It Dead or Just Different? Cognella Academic Publishing.
  4. Hsu, H. (2019). Immigrants and the American Dream: How the United States Became a Destination for International Migrants. ABC-CLIO.
  5. Krauthammer, C. (2013). The American Dream: Dead, Alive, or on Hold? The American Interest, 8(4), 3-9. https://www.the-american-interest.com/2013/03/19/the-american-dream-dead-alive-or-on-hold/
  6. Lewis, J. M. (2018). America's Dreams Deferred: The Broken Promise of the American Dream. ABC-CLIO.
  7. Pew Research Center. (2019). Most Americans Say the Current Economic Situation is Helping the Rich, Hurting the Poor and Middle Class. https://www.pewresearch.org/politics/2019/06/25/most-americans-say-the-current-economic-situation-is-helping-the-rich-hurting-the-poor-and-middle-class/
  8. Shank, R. (2017). The American Dream and the Power of Wealth: Choosing Schools and Inheriting Inequality in the Land of Opportunity. Routledge.
  9. Shiller, R. J. (2012). The American Dream: Dead, Alive, or on Hold? Yale University Press.
  10. Zogby, J. (2008). The Way We'll Be: The Zogby Report on the Transformation of the American Dream. Random House LLC.
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Convention on the Rights of the Child. (2019, January 03). GradesFixer. Retrieved April 23, 2024, from https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/convention-on-the-rights-of-the-child/
“Convention on the Rights of the Child.” GradesFixer, 03 Jan. 2019, gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/convention-on-the-rights-of-the-child/
Convention on the Rights of the Child. [online]. Available at: <https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/convention-on-the-rights-of-the-child/> [Accessed 23 Apr. 2024].
Convention on the Rights of the Child [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2019 Jan 03 [cited 2024 Apr 23]. Available from: https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/convention-on-the-rights-of-the-child/
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