Development of Self-concept in Students' Learning

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About this sample

About this sample


Words: 853 |

Pages: 2|

5 min read

Published: May 31, 2021

Words: 853|Pages: 2|5 min read

Published: May 31, 2021

Self-concept is the totality of one’s knowledge and understanding of his or her own self. It is the process of knowing oneself, one’s traits, feelings, behaviors, and limitations. Self-concept is truthfulness towards own self. It maintains objectivity, recognizes fatigue, worry, tensions, and frustrations, helps in effective communication and the maintenance of interpersonal relations with others. A person with a clear self-concept can have a clear vision about oneself; he can understand the way people see him and he can see himself. For example, beliefs such as 'I am a kind-hearted person,' or 'I am helpful' are part of an overall self-concept. It is a process of self-discovery and identity formation.

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Self-concept can be understood from different dimensions. One is Open Self where one is aware of his own attitudes, behaviors, values. Here the individual is aware of his own self and his self is also known to others. Here the person does not mind discussing with others the different parts of his life. The undiscovered or Unknown Self is the self that neither he nor others can see. In this category, there might be good or bad things that are not of the awareness of others and of that person. Some of us have Blind Self where there are some things about ourselves which we do not know, but others can see more clearly. One may see himself as an open-minded person but in reality, people around the person may consider him as a closed-minded person. Some of us have Hidden Self that cannot be known by others unless we disclose them. It is that which we freely keep within ourselves and that which we retain within ourselves. Here, a person hides things that are very private about himself. The person does not want the information to be disclosed.

Knowing self-concept can systematically observe, analyze and value our own professional action and helps in leading a stable and controlled life. Knowing the self-concept will help in finding out ways to explore and evaluate one’s own professional work. The greatest advantage of knowing one’s self is that it prepares a person to focus on practice for improving his particular area of work. Clear knowledge about own self helps a person keeping track of own thoughts, feelings, and actions.

It is important to develop a self-concept in the students’ minds. The teacher can take major initiative in this direction. Simple Maths problems can be solved by developing self-awareness in the students’ minds. For example: “You have seven Mangoes more than Rumpi” –improves both the speed and accuracy of children’s responses. Some practical classroom strategies can be undertaken for enhancing students’ self-concept. In schools, children can be encouraged for drawing. In these drawings, the teacher can find the projections of what is in the child’s mind. Students can be encouraged to make some educational videos and can be instructed to present their own videos in the classroom. By doing this, the self-esteem of the student will grow and he can reflect better on his own situation. Self-confidence is a very important element of self-concept. The teacher should not correct every single thing the student says wrong. The teacher should not interrupt self-learning. This may harm the self-confidence of the child. Students can be motivated to know their own self better. They can be given a project called “Know Yourself”. In that project, the students can be instructed to draw or paste a picture of themselves on the middle of a piece of paper. After that, they can be asked to write or draw all of the things that they like about themselves around their picture. Moreover, the teacher can encourage the same students to add to the picture every time they think of something new they like about themselves.

The teacher can develop a competitive spirit in the students’ minds. Very often, it is seen that some students feel less capable than those students who are academically bright in their class. The teacher should remind students that they compete with themselves, not with their peers. The teacher can challenge students to choose one thing that they feel they are good at and can give them a stipulated time to accomplish their challenge. Open-up discussion is needed in the classroom for motivating the students to study. The teacher can offer students time to reflect on their own strengths and weaknesses after each lesson. Students can be encouraged to share their responses with the class. They can speak freely in the classroom about what they think went right and what they think caused them stress. This technique will help the students know and develop their own self better.

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One can understand the positive and negative consequences of his own actions. This will help him in setting one’s own standard. Knowing self can guide a student towards desirable responses. A clear self-concept helps in developing strength, the energy we need to control our impulses. Knowing about self develops the capacity of self-control and relates to better thinking. The positive impact of self-concept can be used to help children to channelize their negative impulses towards desirable behavior in a positive direction.         

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Development Of Self-concept In Students’ Learning. (2021, May 31). GradesFixer. Retrieved May 21, 2024, from
“Development Of Self-concept In Students’ Learning.” GradesFixer, 31 May 2021,
Development Of Self-concept In Students’ Learning. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 21 May 2024].
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