This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by professional essay writers.

Discussion on Winter’s Thesis

downloadDownload printPrint

Pssst… we can write an original essay just for you.

Any subject. Any type of essay. We’ll even meet a 3-hour deadline.

Get your price

121 writers online

Download PDF

In Defining ‘Aesthetics’ for Non-Western Studies: The Case of Mesopotamia, Winter (2002) argues that the Western view of “aesthetics” has hindered the way that ancient works of art are interpreted and understood. More specifically, Winter (2002) argued that the Mesopotamian culture must be examined before defining what was considered to be aesthetical during the time of its creation. While the Mesopotamian languages did not include a word for “aesthetics” or “art”, nor did texts be existent that explained any artistic theories, Winter’s thesis stated that this did not mean it did not exist in Mesopotamian society, but “aesthetics” were just viewed differently than how it is in modern Western cultures.

One major argument for Winter’s thesis is the fact that the term “aesthetics” was not constructed until 1735 by A.G. Baumgarten (Winter, 2002). After the creation of the term “aesthetics”, the word began to become more defined; over time, “aesthetics” began to encompass certain aspects of only the fine arts, such as painting, sculpture, architecture, etc.(Winter, 2002). Moreover, aesthetics began to be another term for “beauty”, which shaped the way art way looked at and appreciated (Winter, 2002). This being said, aesthetics grew to become a definition used only to describe certain things that were created in a manner that utilized beauty. However, this understanding and definition of aesthetics was nonexistent in the Mesopotamian time period; how could “aesthetics” and “art” be explained in text if no term was assigned for such a concept? Winter explained that although there was no written word for it, a sense of aesthetics in Mesopotamian art was expressed in a variety of other ways.

One way that Winter (2002) described being able to determine the aesthetics of Mesopotamian art is to consider the culture, context, and other surrounding variables. The culture of Mesopotamia must be examined when considering the “aesthetic” value of art pieces, which entails examining art differently than we do in modern Western culture. For example, the emotional response that specific artworks provoke can provide insight to their value and importance during the Mesopotamian time period. Likewise, the environment a piece of art was created for can explain a lot about its significance; art used in temples and “divine” places suggest great importance and worthiness. Because the Mesopotamian pre-modern culture was vastly different than today’s, it is essential to consider all aspects of how their culture operated and existed.

All in all, I believe that Winter (2002) was successful with her argument. Cultural norms range greatly depending on where (and when) the culture resides. Winter argued that the Western way of viewing art must be avoiding when examining Mesopotamian art works, because the understanding of “aesthetics” was not the same as it is now. By taking a new perspective on pre-modern items, such as artwork, we can begin to understand them more accurately and have a better sense of significance.

Remember: This is just a sample from a fellow student.

Your time is important. Let us write you an essay from scratch

experts 450+ experts on 30 subjects ready to help you just now

delivery Starting from 3 hours delivery

Find Free Essays

We provide you with original essay samples, perfect formatting and styling

Cite this Essay

To export a reference to this article please select a referencing style below:

Discussion On Winter’s Thesis. (2019, September 13). GradesFixer. Retrieved October 20, 2021, from
“Discussion On Winter’s Thesis.” GradesFixer, 13 Sept. 2019,
Discussion On Winter’s Thesis. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 20 Oct. 2021].
Discussion On Winter’s Thesis [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2019 Sept 13 [cited 2021 Oct 20]. Available from:
copy to clipboard

Sorry, copying is not allowed on our website. If you’d like this or any other sample, we’ll happily email it to you.

    By clicking “Send”, you agree to our Terms of service and Privacy statement. We will occasionally send you account related emails.


    Attention! This essay is not unique. You can get a 100% Plagiarism-FREE one in 30 sec

    Receive a 100% plagiarism-free essay on your email just for $4.99
    get unique paper
    *Public papers are open and may contain not unique content
    download public sample

    Sorry, we could not paraphrase this essay. Our professional writers can rewrite it and get you a unique paper.



    Please check your inbox.

    Want us to write one just for you? We can custom edit this essay into an original, 100% plagiarism free essay.

    thanks-icon Order now

    Hi there!

    Are you interested in getting a customized paper?

    Check it out!
    Having trouble finding the perfect essay? We’ve got you covered. Hire a writer

    Haven't found the right essay?

    Get an expert to write you the one you need!


    Professional writers and researchers


    Sources and citation are provided


    3 hour delivery