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No one would have believed that the American Civil War would turn into the deadliest war in American history. It was certifiably not a war in which people expected, but it was a war with the Confederate States (South) and the Union (North). The Civil War costed numerous individuals’ lives who fought this courageous war including to fight over 50 major battles and over ten thousand skirmishes. Furthermore, it cost an outrageous measure of cash for America which could have been kept away from, if the war were not to happen or wasn’t as bad of an outcome.
The Civil War lasted from 1861 until 1865 and is known as a very harsh war. The Civil War was battled everywhere throughout the United States. Most of the fights were battled in the Confederate States in the South including both Virginia and Tennessee. The most known battles of the Civil War were the battles of Vicksburg, Antietam, Gettysburg, and Bull Run. From all the battles of the Civil War, approximately 620,000 soldiers passed away from starvation, disease, and combat. This shows that the Civil War was the most deadliest war in the history for United States of America.
In the years of 1860s, specialists still couldn’t seem to create bacteriology and were commonly unmindful of the reasons for illness. By and large, Civil War specialists experienced two years of therapeutic school, however some stayed longer for more education on what they were getting taught. Besides all this, Europe was much more advanced in medical than the United States. During the Civil War, many surgeons never went through a surgery until their first patient during the war. There were 4,000 surgeons for the Confederate, while the Union army had 10,000 surgeons. From all the non-hygienic and non-sterile items and environment, thousands of people in this war died from diseases including both dysentery and typhoid. Dysentery is an infection of the intestines resulting in severe diarrhea with the presence of blood and mucus in the feces. While typhoid is an infectious bacterial fever with an eruption of red spots on the chest and abdomen and severe intestinal irritation.
The deadliest thing in the war was disease. In the article, “Civil War Medicine,” it stated, “For every soldier who died in battle, two died of disease.” In other words, more people died from disease in the war, than the people who got killed from the war. The field hospitals were right at the front lines, and at most just a mile away from the front line. The numbers killed and injured in the Civil War were far more noteworthy than any past American war. As this horrific war progressed, both the North and South built military hospitals in big cities. From the Civil War, there was much developed in the Medical field, and doctors in the United States started to advance in medical technology and treatments.
There are many causes that led to the American Civil War. Slavery is generally cited as the main cause for the war. In the seventeenth century, a Dutch ship stacked with African slaves presented an answer and another issue to the world. Before the finish of the American Revolution, slavery had demonstrated unbeneficial in the North and was nearly not occuring anymore. The Southerns contended that the colored individuals, including kids, were unequipped for taking care of themselves and that bondage was a kind organization that kept them sustained, dressed, and possessed. Even-though the Northerns knew that the colored people were inferior to the white people, they did not like how there was no equality. There were many Northern abolitionists, and one of them being William Lloyd Garrison. Besides being an American abolitionist, he was also a suffragist and he changed the view of society for many.
Another huge influence towards the Civil War was the Dred Scott Decision of 1865. This act lead the confidence for blacks in the United States to stand up for themselves and led to abolishing slavery. Dred Scott was a slave who lived with his owner and moved to Illinois, which is known as a free state. Dred fought for all his rights, including how he stated he lived in a free state and shouldn’t be considered as a slave. This conflict went all the way up to the Supreme Court but unfortunately chief justice Taney stated how Dred can’t sue if he’s in the federal court. This is because blacks weren’t given citizenship, and that’s the reason he was declined on his decision for sue. This decision heavily affected the blacks. It shows how the blacks were at a huge disadvantage because they had no citizenship and that meant they didn’t have additional rights like the whites who were citizens including to vote for their own president. This changed the future of slavery because it showed how the South was convinced by this act. It made thousands of people believe and convinced that there should be an abolition of slavery. On the other hand it showed how North was for slavery and didn’t agree. Overall, the Dred Scott decision had a mass weight on the Civil War because this act started the conflict with the South and the North.
Emancipation Proclamation was one of the most beneficial cause for the U.S. President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863, and stated “no purpose, directly or indirectly, to interfere with slavery in the States where it exists.” In other words, this was to abandon slavery in the U.S. Even though the Emancipation Proclamation stated the whole U.S, it was only applied towards the states that were seceded. What Abraham Lincoln made didn’t end slavery, but it was very strong for the people who read and understood what Abraham Lincoln was expressing. From him writing this, he also expanded freedom for his troops. He let black men join the Union Army and Navy and by the end of the war there were more than 200,000 black soldiers who fought for the Union and freedom. The Emancipation Proclamation made the Unions fight hard in order to gain freedom for all of the slaves. As the slavery was starting to disappear, the Emancipation proclamation is one of the significant document in human life and for the fight of human freedom.
The Civil War effects changed and shaped the U.S. All Americans had trust issues with everyone including with their state, family, and friends. Each person was thinking if slavery was right or wrong. If it is right to own someone. If it is right to make money off the slaves. As a result people became realists and left the romanticism era. Overall there were positive effects on equalism and it was leading towards equality for everyone.
To win the war for end of slavery, it would require Lincoln’s militaries and naval force to quell a zone from the East Coast to the Rio Grande, from the Mason-Dixon Line to the Gulf of Mexico. To keep a Northern triumph, the South would need to shield that equivalent huge territory, yet with a less populace and less industry than the North could at last convey to hold up under.
The last battle turned out to be a Confederate victory and happened on May 12 at Palmito Ranch in South Texas. On April 9, 1865, General Robert E. Lee made his troops surrender to the Unions at Appomattox Court House in Virginia. But it took more than 16 months for Andrew Johnson to put a final end of this war on April 9, 1865.
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