Empathy in Frankenstein: a Critical Exploration

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About this sample

About this sample


Words: 719 |

Pages: 2|

4 min read

Published: Jun 13, 2024

Words: 719|Pages: 2|4 min read

Published: Jun 13, 2024

Table of contents

  1. Introduction
  2. Body Paragraph 1
  3. Body Paragraph 2
  4. Body Paragraph 3
  5. Conclusion


Mary Shelley's Frankenstein, published in 1818, is a seminal work that traverses the boundaries of gothic fiction, science fiction, and romanticism. At its core, the novel intricately explores the complexities of human emotion, particularly the concept of empathy. Empathy, the ability to understand and share the feelings of another, serves as a crucial thematic element throughout the narrative. Shelley's portrayal of Victor Frankenstein and his monstrous creation delves deep into the consequences of a lack of empathy, both for the individual and society. This essay aims to critically examine how empathy, or the lack thereof, shapes the characters, their relationships, and the overarching moral landscape of Frankenstein. By analyzing key moments in the text, we can uncover how Shelley's work serves as a cautionary tale about the perils of emotional detachment and the moral imperative of understanding and compassion.

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Body Paragraph 1

The absence of empathy in Victor Frankenstein's character is evident from the outset and significantly influences the trajectory of the narrative. Victor's obsessive pursuit of scientific knowledge and his desire to conquer nature lead him to create life without considering the ethical and emotional ramifications. His immediate reaction to the creature he brings to life is one of horror and repulsion, rather than compassion or responsibility. Victor's inability to empathize with his creation—who he perceives only as a monstrous aberration—sets the stage for the ensuing tragedy. This lack of empathy is not merely a personal failing but a reflection of the Enlightenment era's emphasis on rationality over emotionality. Shelley's critique of this worldview becomes apparent as Victor's neglect and abandonment of the creature lead to a series of catastrophic events. Victor's failure to see the creature as a sentient being deserving of empathy underscores the novel's central moral lesson: the dire consequences of dehumanizing others and ignoring their emotional needs.

Body Paragraph 2

Conversely, the creature's journey is marked by a profound yearning for empathy and understanding, which he is consistently denied. From the moment of his creation, the creature experiences isolation and rejection solely based on his appearance. His initial encounters with humans are met with fear and violence, reinforcing his sense of alienation. Despite this, the creature demonstrates an intrinsic capacity for empathy, as seen in his interactions with the De Lacey family. Through his secret observations, he learns about human emotions, kindness, and social bonds. His desire to connect with the family and his subsequent heartbreak upon being rejected underscore his deep-seated need for empathy. This rejection becomes a pivotal moment in the creature's transformation from a benevolent being to one driven by vengeance. Shelley's portrayal of the creature challenges readers to reconsider their preconceptions about monstrosity and humanity, suggesting that empathy—or its absence—fundamentally shapes one's identity and actions.

Body Paragraph 3

The theme of empathy extends beyond the individual characters to reflect broader societal implications. Shelley uses the interactions between Victor, the creature, and society at large to critique the social and cultural norms of her time. The novel suggests that a society devoid of empathy fosters alienation and conflict. The reactions of various characters to the creature, from Victor's initial abandonment to the villagers' hostile responses, illustrate a collective failure to empathize with the "Other." This societal lack of empathy is not just a backdrop but an active force driving the narrative's tragic outcomes. Shelley's narrative invites readers to consider the ethical dimensions of empathy in their own lives and societies. By highlighting the destructive consequences of emotional detachment and prejudice, Frankenstein serves as a timeless reminder of the importance of empathy in fostering a just and humane world.

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In conclusion, Mary Shelley's Frankenstein offers a profound exploration of empathy's role in human relationships and societal dynamics. Victor Frankenstein's lack of empathy towards his creation sets off a chain of events that lead to mutual destruction, illustrating the perils of emotional neglect and dehumanization. The creature's own journey underscores the innate human need for empathy and the devastating effects of its absence. Through these intertwined narratives, Shelley critiques the Enlightenment's overemphasis on rationality and the societal tendencies to ostracize the "Other." Ultimately, Frankenstein is not just a tale of scientific hubris but a poignant commentary on the moral imperatives of empathy and compassion. As readers, we are compelled to reflect on our own capacities for empathy and the ways in which we can build more understanding and inclusive communities.

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This essay was reviewed by
Dr. Charlotte Jacobson

Cite this Essay

Empathy in Frankenstein: A Critical Exploration. (2024, Jun 11). GradesFixer. Retrieved July 15, 2024, from
“Empathy in Frankenstein: A Critical Exploration.” GradesFixer, 11 Jun. 2024,
Empathy in Frankenstein: A Critical Exploration. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 15 Jul. 2024].
Empathy in Frankenstein: A Critical Exploration [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2024 Jun 11 [cited 2024 Jul 15]. Available from:
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