About this sample
About this sample
Words: 713 |
4 min read
Published: Jul 3, 2023
Words: 713|Pages: 2|4 min read
The Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan were two significant proposals put forward during the Constitutional Convention of 1787, which aimed to establish a framework for the government of the United States. These plans differed in their approach to representation and the structure of the legislature, highlighting the competing interests and concerns of the states.
The Virginia Plan, also known as the Large State Plan, was drafted by James Madison and presented by Edmund Randolph. It advocated for a bicameral legislature with representation based on population. The Virginia Plan was based on a national and state government system with a Separation of Powers consisting of legislative, executive, and judicial branches. A bicameral legislature (two houses) consisting of the House of Representatives and the Senate would feature proportional representation. The Virginia Plan was presented in the form of fifteen resolutions that detailed reasons why the Articles of Confederation should be radically altered and planform a strong National Government that could collect taxes and make and enforce laws. The Virginia Plan also consisted of having a very powerful congress created of two legislatures that were based on proportional population, congressional power to veto any law and one executive chosen by congress. The executive would have the power to executive national laws and turn down any legislative act that cannot be passed after unless two thirds of legislature votes on it. The key features of the Virginia Plan were as follows:
James Madison was the creator of the Virginia Plan that brought up ideas of a national republic but eventually William Paterson created the New Jersey Plan to try to turn away from a radical plan. It was not successful and was the cause of the divisions between the delegates. In the Virginia Plan there would be a bicameral legislature because it would support the proportional representation . There was a balance of power because congress had the right to veto the laws made by the legislators. The New Jersey plan was different because it would consist of a unicameral national legislation and there would be an equal number of representatives. It was congress's job to tax the citizens and to regulate trade. The key features of the New Jersey Plan were as follows:
Despite their significant differences, the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan shared some similarities:
Ultimately, the debate between the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan led to the creation of the Great Compromise or the Connecticut Compromise. This compromise established a bicameral legislature, with the House of Representatives based on proportional representation (as per the Virginia Plan) and the Senate granting equal representation to each state (as per the New Jersey Plan). This compromise satisfied both large and small states, and it became a fundamental element of the United States Constitution.
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