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Competition for power is a force that led to the keeping of the Chinese culture apart. For instance, Confucius came into being at a time when Zhou power was in decline and other empires such as the vassal lords and the nomads fought to be in power. The competition for power kept empires apart as each kingdom was seeking to search for an ideal ruler in the entire land of China. Confucius was also on the road to find a new ruler, which he never found, bust instead ventured into philosophy and scholarly work (Chang 287).
Even as people of different origins in China fought for power, political disorder led to debates that led to the keeping a part of the Chinese Empire. The empire, which was composed of many kingdoms, was affected by political disorder in most of the kingdoms in the country. For example, the Zhou was a kingdom that was characterized by political disorder, a factor that discouraged unity of the Chinese Empire. It was relief to some kingdoms upon the decline of the Zhou. Power was restored to the warlords who were also characterized by political disorder at the expense of the common citizens of China; hence the Chinese culture was affected for quite some time due to the political disorder.
Political disorder also involved a disagreement between the ruler sand the ruled due to natural forces of human beings that require that they are not ruled. Political disorder refers to the state of anarchy where some people hate the ruling government and are rebelling against the operations of the government. Natural forces worked towards keeping the separation at its usual place in the history of Chinese culture. Political disorders destabilized the Chinese empire as it did not get the support of the people of China. Nonetheless, there were those who advocated that rulers ought to be obeyed even as they took care of the needs of members of the society. Social disorder has been identified as a natural factor in the behavior of human beings who are also described as lazy and evil by philosophical writers. For example, in the Han dynasty in China, there were disagreements between the government and the elite and aristocratic families that tried to advance their positions to the government. The political disorder was a result of marriage alliances between the elite and aristocratic families that made the central government ineffective.
Legalism in China was a force that prevented the consolidation of the Chinese culture as an identified ruler applied his policies to govern the people by force. Legalism led to lack of harmony in China as the authoritarian state applied rules by force while the human nature requires that they are handled with discipline without being frustrated. According to legalism during the error, the people were to labor while the army was to govern the vast lands of China. There was no achievement in bringing the Chinese culture together as legalism never won widespread approval. It instead entered the political traditions of China (Peerenboom 257).
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