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Mahatma (Great Soul) Gandhi (Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi), was truly a global citizen though he worked for the freedom of the Indian nation from foreign. He was born to Putlibai Gandhi and Karamchand Gandhi on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, Kathiawar, India, which was then part of the British Empire. His family comes from a well-known background in 1869. His father works for the government as the chief minister of Porbandar. His mother is a deeply pious woman who spends a lot of her time at a temple and on frequent fasts. Gandhi was a man who saw what was good and bad. He heard the voices of the people, the pain, the suffering under the British. But chose to oppose it, using non-violence because he was Brahim and they have a list of dos and don’ts and one of the dont’s are never hurt any living creature and do’s is that always tell the truth.
After graduating, he went back to India to practice as lawyer. But after losing his first case he was thrown out and humiliated he accepts a job in South Africa. On the way to South Africa he was thrown out of the business class because of his skin color. He sets up the Indian Congress in Natal to fight segregation and to develop the idea of self-purification and “satyagraha”– non-violent civil protest. He takes a vow of celibacy and begins wearing what he calls his ‘mourning robe’, a traditional white Indian dhoti(BBC Timelines, 2018). In 1913 Gandhi organises a strike against a £3 tax on people of Indian descent. He was sentenced to jail for 9 months on the act of public disobedience. The strike spreads and the British are forced to drop the tax and release Gandhi. News of his victory is reported in England and Gandhi starts to become an international figure.
Grandhi goes back to India but on his way back to India he sees people are in pain, the suffering under the British. So he then decides to protest against the Rowlatt Act which enables the British to imprison anyone they suspect of terrorism. During that protest about 400 people were killed and 1000 people wounded from 20,000 protesters. This massacre convinces Gandhi to start campaigning for Indian independence. During the campaign he lost his wife months before his releases in 1944. He was sentenced to jail because he didn’t help the britains when they needed help from the Nazis. He claims that while Indians are badly mistreated at home. Violent protests calling for Gandhi’s release suddenly become visible matter up and out across the country, but Winston Churchill is serious and stubborn not to give in. Unable to stop strengthening calls for freedom, the British finally begin negotiations for the independence of India. However the outcome is far from what Gandhi has campaigned for.
The Mountbatten Plan outlines the formation of the two new independent states of India and Pakistan, divided along religious lines. In the capital Delhi there are independence celebrations, but Gandhi’s vision of a united India is shattered. The Partition sets off massmutual killings and the chaotic migration of 10 million people. Gandhi leaves Delhi, traveling to Calcutta to quell the violence by fasting to bring peace. On his way to a prayer meeting at Birla House he is attacked by a Hindu extremist. He is shot three times in the chest. In some hard-line Hindu strongholds there are celebrations at his death, but for most Indians it is a national tragedy. (BBC Timelines, 2018).
Mahatma Gandhi is an exemplary the Global Citizen Award because as he has done a lot of things like first he fought against racial discrimination in South Africa, he also led the famous Salt March to Dandi, He launched the Quit India Movement in 1942 demanding end of British rule and he was the leading figure responsible for India achieving independence. In India he is also known as the “Father of India”.
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