Goals of Mercantilism

About this sample

About this sample


Words: 408 |

Page: 1|

3 min read

Published: Mar 14, 2024

Words: 408|Page: 1|3 min read

Published: Mar 14, 2024

Mercantilism, a prevailing economic theory in Europe during the early modern period, emphasized the importance of accumulating wealth and power through favorable balances of trade. This economic philosophy guided state policies aimed at increasing exports, limiting imports, and amassing precious metals to strengthen national economies. The goals of mercantilism were rooted in the belief that a country's prosperity and influence were contingent upon its ability to amass wealth and resources. This essay will explore the key objectives of mercantilism, including the promotion of domestic industry, expansion of colonial territories, and establishment of trade monopolies. By analyzing the impact of mercantilist policies on European economies and global trade networks, this essay will demonstrate how mercantilism shaped the economic landscape of the early modern world. Through a comprehensive examination of the goals and strategies of mercantilism, this essay will provide insight into the motivations behind this influential economic theory and its lasting legacy on international trade and economic development.

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The promotion of domestic industry was a central tenet of mercantilist policies, as states sought to enhance their economic self-sufficiency and reduce reliance on foreign goods. By implementing tariffs and subsidies to protect and incentivize domestic producers, governments aimed to stimulate the growth of key industries such as textiles, shipbuilding, and mining. This approach not only bolstered national economies but also fueled technological innovation and industrial development. For example, England's Navigation Acts of the 17th century restricted trade with foreign countries and mandated the use of English ships for colonial commerce, thereby fostering a thriving domestic shipping industry. Similarly, France's Colbertist policies under Louis XIV prioritized the expansion of French manufacturing through state intervention and investment in infrastructure. These efforts to promote domestic industry were instrumental in laying the foundation for the Industrial Revolution and shaping the economic landscape of Europe in the centuries to come.

Mercantilism, as an economic theory in early modern Europe, aimed to increase wealth and power through favorable trade balances. By promoting domestic industry, expanding colonial territories, and establishing trade monopolies, states sought to strengthen their economies and secure resources. The impact of mercantilist policies can be seen in the growth of key industries, technological innovation, and the foundation for the Industrial Revolution. Moving forward, further research could explore the long-term effects of mercantilism on global trade networks and economic development. Overall, mercantilism's focus on accumulating wealth and resources shaped the economic landscape of the early modern world, leaving a lasting legacy on international trade and economic theory.

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Dr. Charlotte Jacobson

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Goals Of Mercantilism. (2024, March 13). GradesFixer. Retrieved July 16, 2024, from
“Goals Of Mercantilism.” GradesFixer, 13 Mar. 2024,
Goals Of Mercantilism. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 16 Jul. 2024].
Goals Of Mercantilism [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2024 Mar 13 [cited 2024 Jul 16]. Available from:
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