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Great Inventions of The World War Ii

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The start of this tragic event was on September 1st, 1939. Adolf Hitler, the Führer of Germany, invaded the country of Poland. He was obsessed with the idea of having a pure German superior race, which he called Aryan. In believing this, Hitler was confident, that the only way to achieve his pure German race, was to gain land, which he decided the best way to claim was by fighting for it. At the time, Europe was destabilized tremendously from World War I and needed help. Hitler planned an invasion of Poland and when they attacked, Britain and France declared war which was the beginning of World War II. There were two sides during the war; Axis and the Allies. The Axis group contained Germany, Italy, and Japan. The Allies were Australia, Brazil, Canada, Newfoundland, New Zealand, South Africa, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and the United States. As they developed and learned, both the Allied group and Axis group invented many new menacing weapons and gadgets to help them in their fight to win World War II. Examples of these were newly created tanks, planes, guns, grenades, communication devices, and equipment/armor.

One example of a terrifying piece of technology for the Axis group to help them succeed in battle, was the Tiger I Tank. The real name was Panzerkampfwagen VI Tiger Ausführung H. and it was created in 1937. The impenetrable machine is known for having thick and heavy armor. It contains a length span of 20 ft. and 8 in. and has a width of 11 ft. and 8 in. The tank weighed around 50 tons and was 9 ft. and 10 in. tall. Attached to it, was an 8.8 cm. KwK 36 L/56 that contained armor-piercing rounds. As a secondary, it contained two 7.92 mm. Maschinengewehr 34’s (machine guns). The tank could travel up to a speed of 24 miles per hour and could hold up to five crew members inside. Even with these impressive features, it was very slow, heavy, and cost an enormous amount of money to build. This tank was created in response to the Axis’ lack of well-armored tanks, was a great advancement in technology, and was a major step to help the Axis move one step closer to trying to win World War II.

Another example of a great advancement of technology throughout World War II was the Radio Proximity Fuze, created in 1942. This proximity fuze (also known as VT Fuze or Influence Fuze) was an artillery shell that was created by the Allies to try and save ammunition and time while taking out enemy aircrafts’. The shell has an explosive ignition device that uses fuze sensors to detect when an aircraft is close enough to damage the moving vehicle. The shell was not just meant to attack aircraft vehicles, it was also incredibly efficient against ground troops and naval anti-aircraft batteries. The very first battle the Allied forces used the proximity fuze was in the Battle of the Bulge, in 1944. They used the fuze shell to attack the Axis’ offensive force that was attacking Allie`s light cavalry troops. The Allies called in for an artillery strike and they used the fuze to strike down the Axis. It was proven very efficient because as the shell reached the Axis, it exploded right over them. This shell was a terrific feature to add to Allie`s armory in their push to win World War II.

The next example is one of the strongest pieces of technology that was invented and helped advance the Allies’ efforts in World War II, the Atomic Bomb. Otto Hahn, Lise Meitner, and Fritz Strassmann; german physicists’ in Berlin had discovered nuclear fission. Nuclear Fission is when an atom that contains radioactive material splits into smaller and lighter atoms, which release a high amount of energy, which is how the bomb gets its boom. During World War II, the U.S. created the Manhattan Project which was based on the german physicists’ work. The project was to try and create a functional atomic bomb. The project first started on December 28, 1942, when Franklin Roosevelt gathered different scientists to start the bomb’s production. The leader of the project was Julius Robert Oppenheimer. Most of the tests happened in Los Alamos, New Mexico. 3 years later on July 16, the first bomb was successfully detonated in New Mexico, during the Trinity Test. The name Trinity was given for the site because Oppenheimer was inspired by John Donne’s poem, Holy Sonnet XIV. The U.S. had secretly created not one but two types of atomic bomb. One was made with a base design of uranium, called the Little Boy. The other was made with a base design of plutonium, called the Fat Man. On August 6, 1945. The U.S. dropped a Little Boy on the Japanese city of Hiroshima. The bomb wiped out around 80,000 people and later, other people died due to the bomb’s radiation effects. The bomb was ordered to be dropped by U.S. president Harry Truman and led to the Potsdam Declaration, stating if Japan did not surrender the U.S. promised they would bring complete destruction to Japan. Since Japan did not surrender, the U.S. dropped a second bomb on another city called Nagasaki. The atomic bomb helped the U.S. win the war due to the atomic bomb being able to wipe out thousands of people in mere seconds. Even after the bomb dropped, any survivors that were not protected with the correct equipment would die due to radiation from the bomb’s fallout.

The last example of an amazing piece of technology that helped the Germans in World War II was the enigma. This machine was invented by Arthur Scherbius in 1918. Although the machine was invented by the time World War I ended, they didn’t put too much use into the enigma until World War II started. This machine looked like a large typewriter and contained several electro-mechanical rotor cipher machines. They used the enigma during World War II to send secret messages back and forth securely without the Allied forces ever knowing. When Polish mathematicians had found out a way to crack the code and read it, Germany upgraded its security and changed the ciphering system daily so it seemed impossible for the Allies to read it. Until a man named Alan Turing finally solved the enigma, in December of 1942. This machine helped give a head start to the Germans during World War II because the Allied forces had no idea what the Germans were planning and made it impossible for the Allies to know what was coming at them.

In the end, the Allies defeated the Axis group and won World War 2 on September 2, 1945. This was the official date when Japan signed surrender documents on board the U.S.S. Missouri. However, Japan had unofficially surrendered earlier that year on August 15, when the U.S. dropped the second atomic bomb on Nagasaki. These devices, machines, and weapons that were used and created during World War II helped both sides achieve certain victories during the campaign by giving their side at times, an upper hand. Hopefully, this will be the last of any World Wars.                  

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Great Inventions Of The World War II. (2022, April 29). GradesFixer. Retrieved June 27, 2022, from
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