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In the tour to Museum Negara, the Bijih Timah(Tin) (Picture 1) in the Economic of Malaysia is one of the thing I learnt. The Tin in one of the important Malaysia Economic income in the earliest. Because Malaysia have the largest Tin resource, which can mining 99 % pure tin. Start from 1849 to 1985 Chinese people own the most Tin mine and Tin Dredges, and the largest Tin dredges is build 1938 in Ipoh. Tin also is the earliest form of local currency produced of solid blocks of tin metal or ingots of a standard size and weight. But through the passage of time, these ingots evolved into different shape, example as insert, tortoise, and other animal. Tin also use as talisman to ensure a beginning new mine have good luck and keep the evil spirit away. Second highlight that I learn in Museum Negara is BabaNyonya (picture 2). BabaNyonya is because of Zhengho visit Melaca, and some of the Chinese start to stay in the Melaca to start a new life than they married local Malay ladies, and create a new culture. Baba Nyonya is one of the special culture in Malaysia. It is mix with Chinese and Malay and start from Malacca and Penang. The name BabaNyonya is come from how the address the male and female in that time, for people whose address male is a ba, female is a nya.
For the dressing also is a very special and unique, for the young female will wear baju kebaya, for the elder will wear baju Panjang, but for male is wearing tangzhuang. Not only that, their language for they using is baba language it similar with Hokian, and also mix with Bahasa Melayu. BabaNyonya is a mix with Chinese and Malay, even most if the babanyonya they are don’t understand Chinese, but they have a good Chinese culture, example as filial piety, honorable and orderly, and also focus on etiquette. The following feature I learnt is Cave Paintings/Drawings (Pic 3).The ancestors of Orang Asli and the indigenous clans of Sabah and Sarawak have deserted surrender artworks as the methods for conveying and archiving their every day exercises, life experiences and ceremonies. The earliest cave paintings are believed to have been produced by haematite and found in Gua Tambun in Perak and Gua Kain Hitam in Niah, Sarawak. The painting in Gua Tambun highlights diversion creatures, for example, deer and dugong, other than some geometric design and palm prints. Then, the compositions in Gua Kain Hitam,symbolic boats related to the practice of interring the body of a deceased person in a boat placed on the cave floor. The painting is to representative a the trip of the spirit into life following death. Other cave paintings were done using a mixture of charcoal and tree sap, and such painting are widely distributed Malaysia.
Among the additionally of these are found in Ulu Kelantan, which show the gathering of people and features gender differentiation. There has been no authoritative dating analysis carried out on these paintings at the present time. Be that as it may, it is trusted that the haematile artistic creations in Gua Tambun and Gua Kain Hitam are around 2000 years of age, while the others might be in the district of 500 years. One exhibited element in this tour. The Bunga Emas (picture 1) has become my choice of exhibited element in this tour, because the idea of sending Bunga Emas as a friendship gift state the importance of this item and it helps to maintain good relationship between two countries. This gift also shared a good value that the King of Siam appreciate it and return similar value gift to our country.
The Bunga Emas (Golden Flower) is made of quality gold, was a special gift sent triennial by the Sultans of the Northern Malay States of Kedah, Kelantan, Terengganu and Patani to the once powerful King of Siam in Bangkok as a symbol of friendship. The sending of the Bunga Mas began in the 14th century in a colourful ceremony accompanied by four spears with gilded shafts, a keris encrusted with precious stones, a spittoon, a tabacco box, a bouquet of betel leaves, and two rings. The King of Siam reciprocated with gifts of similar value. The practice of sending the Bunga Emas was discontinued by the end of the 19th century.
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