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History and Innovations of Viking Ships

  • Subject: History
  • Essay Topic: Vikings
  • Pages: 4
  • Words: 1623
  • Published: 16 December 2021
  • Downloads: 34
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Table of contents

  1. Introduction
  2. Body
  3. Conclusion


The Vikings were an amazing civilization that was very advanced and developed, vikings invented ships because there was a particular need and there is a background story. Some background story of the vikings is that they were located in Europe, more exact in Norway, Sweden, and Denmark. Also to show that viking traveled a lot, at the beginning in the eighth century CE and continuing into the 11th century, the Vikings, in sleek, fast-moving ships, landed on the shores of France, England, Spain, the Mediterranean, and down the rivers of Western and Eastern Europe. Also vikings traveled a lot by rivers they followed the great rivers in modern Russia, founding such cities as Novgorod and conducting trade between northern Europe and the Balkans. Some, like the Varangian Guard, found service as bodyguards with the Byzantine emperor. Settlement, assimilation, and the slow but steady conversion of the Scandinavians to Christianity, all contributed to the transformation of the medieval cultures of Denmark, Iceland, and Norway and to the blending of Viking and native population in Ireland and France. Alongside the gladiators and the spartans, the vikings recognized as one of history’s greatest warrior cultures, however this was not accomplished without their amazing ships, however did you know how they made their ships, how they used their ships and their most important ship.


To start, vikings had a very complicated and explicit way to make their ships, They had all type of ships, blueprints and parts of ships. The vikings had three types of ships the longships, Heavy Freight-Carrying Merchant Ships, and the Light Freight-Carrying Merchant Ships. To begin, are the longships, which are the most popular between the vikings.Longships were used in europe for more than 1,500 years because f this it was believed that the longship were vital in european history. The longships run from 45 to 75 feet (14 to 23 meters) long, clinker-worked (with covered boards), and conveying a solitary square sail, the longship was uncommonly durable in substantial oceans. The long ships had three types of ships: Snekke, Drekkar and Skeid. The snekke (or snekkja ), signifying ‘meager and projecting’, was normally the littlest longship utilized in fighting and was named a ship with no less than 20 paddling seats. The Skeid are the bigger warships, comprising of in excess of 30 paddling seats. Boats of this arrangement are the absolute biggest longships at any point found. According to wikipedia the Drekkar ships are described as most unusual, elegant, ornately decorated, and used by those who went raiding and plundering. This means that they were really strong ships that helped the vikings a lot. These boats were likely slides that varied just in the carvings of threatening mammoths, for example, mythical serpents and snakes, carried on the fore of the ship. That were the major ships the longships, now with the merchant ships.

The merchant ships, these ships were used to travel and trade. The Heavy Freight-Carrying Merchant Ships, and the Light Freight-Carrying Merchant Ships are two kinds of ships. The knarr or the Heavy Freight-Carrying Merchant Ship had the utilazega e to board merchants however they were different to the longs ships because they were broader. According to the Knarr were usually made of pine rather than oak and were approximately 16.5 meters long and could have held up to 40 tons of merchandise. These boats were more subject to deals than they were paddles. Knarr Ships had less paddles that were essentially uses to help manage the ship. In the other side the Light Freight-Carrying Merchant Ship, these ships were more maneuverable than the Knarr ships. These types of ships were ships that easy enough to be pulled into shore. Vikings didn’t only make their ships as a decoration they had a purpose.

Vikings had ships which had the purpose for war, traveling and trade. To start, at the beginning in the eighth century CE and continuing into the 11th century, the Vikings, in sleek, fast-moving ships, landed on the shores of France, England, Spain, the Mediterranean, and down the rivers of Western and Eastern Europe. Whatever the reason, targets of opportunity were plentiful, and the Vikings took advantage of them all. Their raiding was effective because of their transport, the Viking longship. Built with a shallow draft and a wide beam, these vessels were powered by both sail and oars. They were seaworthy, but with a shallow enough draft to allow them to land on any flat stretch of beach. Harbors were unnecessary, so the Vikings were able to arrive without warning, attack before a defense could be mounted, and withdraw before reinforcements could arrive. As loot was their compensation, it was the regular citizen populace that experienced the most these invasions. The supplication ‘God convey us from the wrath of the Northmen’ was normally spoken in the ninth and tenth hundreds of years. Without a doubt, the best way to save a town from plunder was by pay off, and Danegeld (assessment or tribute) was gathered in gigantic sums. Normally this totaled hundreds if not a huge number of pounds of silver. It for the most part purchased prompt, yet transitory, assurance, in light of the fact that other Viking groups could land inside months. At the end the ships came really handy because they helped vikings to privilege, invade and win battles with their boats. The vikings had many purposes for the boats but knowing why they made them is important also.

The vikings used a lot their ships one of the most used is the Gokstad ship also they had other that were really use full and have its purposes. The best safeguarded are the Oseberg and Gokstad ships from Norway. Both are thin, exquisite vessels, light however shockingly solid. The Gokstad dispatch had 32 shields on each side, on the other hand painted yellow and dark. A full-estimate reproduction was cruised over the Atlantic Ocean to Chicago in 1893. It demonstrated how safe the genuine ship more likely than not been. The substantial pole was brought down into a depression in the keelson and held set up by the pole angle. The deck sheets were free, so the mariners could store their assets under them. A mass of everyday objects was buried in the Gokstad ship. These included the dead man’s clothes, a cauldron, six wooden cups, a bucket, six beds, three boats, a sled, tent frames, plus the skeletons of 12 horses, six dogs, and a peacock. One of the beds had two posts carved with animal heads. The dead man wanted to take all his belongings with him to Valhalla, the Viking heaven. Additionally the Gokstad tiller is decorated with a carved animal head.The Gokstad controlling paddle is 10 ft 9 in (3.3 m) long. The controlling paddle was constantly appended to the correct side of the ship close to the stern. In English, a ship’s correct side is still called starboard, after the old Norse word styra (to guide). The Gokstad ship is symmetrical the fore is indistinguishable to the stern, then again, actually it has no controlling paddle.

The other ships that were not as used as the gokstad ship are the orberg ship the roskilde and the william ship.. The Oseberg deliver was once seen to be progressively illustrative of an imperial yacht, instead of a genuine war dispatch, yet later research recommends she was very fit for cruising in open ocean.In the 1970’s, five eleventh century boats were found and were used from the Skuldelev limits in Denmark, giving information that boats utilized in the Viking era. These boats had been purposefully abandoned, presumably to hinder the channel amid an assault. The Roskilde, viking sails were regularly colored dark red, to strike dread into any individual who saw them coming. The shields were opened into a shield rack that kept running at the edge of the ship. On different boats, the shields dangled from ropes. Last but not least is the willimiam ship, this is not a actual type of ship, The Normans were descended from Vikings who settled in Normandy, France. The Bayeux Tapestry describes their conquest of England in 1066. In this scene, the proud ship of the Norman leader, William the Conqueror, sails toward England. A lookout in the stern blows a horn, while the steersman holds the tiller, attached to the steering oar. Lower down it was also fastened to a wooden boss (knob) on the ship’s side with a flexible piece of willow branch or pine root. This allowed the steersman to move the oar easily. In shallow water, he undid the leather band and pulled the oar up.The ship has an animal-head prow, and shields line its sides. At last vikings really used there ships and had a variety of them.


At the end vikings were really important not only because of there shows o barberity but all the innovations they did with boots and the all the variety they had. The vikings were heavenly mariners. Their wooden longships conveyed them crosswise over wild oceans, riding the waves, avoiding rocks and ice sheets, and enduring tempests. In untamed oceans, the Vikings depended on a major, rectangular sail. To move in waterfront waters and streams, they dropped the pole and paddled the ship. At whatever point conceivable, they cruised inside sight of land. A long way from the drift, Vikings explored by the Sun and stars. Their knowledge of seabirds, fish, winds, and wave patterns helped them find their way. Wood rots quickly, so there is little left of most longships. But, fortunately, a few have survived, thanks to the Viking custom of burying rich people in ships. Vikings are amazing, they had the best ships in the world, which helped them navigate and conquer other civilizations.    

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